1. World welcomes new year with enthusiasm
New Year 2013 arrived in several parts of the world with people greeting it with customary fire work.
The enthusiastic welcome to 2013 continue on a grand scale across Asia and for the first time in Myanmar.
The enthusiastic welcome to 2013 is continuing on a grand scale across the World. New Zealand's Auckland city was among the first to welcome the new year with customary fireworks.
2. Center sets up special task force to look into women’s safety in Delhi
Centre has set up a special task force to look into the safety issues of women in Delhi and review the functioning of Delhi Police regularly.
NOTE:- Headed by Union Home Secretary, the force will have Chief Secretary of Delhi, Commissioner of Delhi Police, Special CP-Traffic, Special CP- Law and Order, Chairperson of Delhi Commission for Women and Delhi Transport Commissioner among other members.
3. UK resumes G-8 presidency;British PM lists combating protectionism as a focus point
UK is assuming its year-long presidency of the G8 group of nations. The presidency - which rotates through the G8 members - means it will host the annual leaders' summit and choose the global priorities that are discussed. June's summit is to be held at Lough Erne, in County Fermanagh, while topics discussed will include tax havens. 
NOTE:- The G8 is made up countries who have, historically, been the richest in the world - France, the US, Russia, Japan, Germany, Italy, Canada and the UK. As prime minister of the presidency holding nation, David Cameron has said he wants to focus on combating trade protectionism, cracking down on tax havens and promoting greater government transparency.
4. State Bank of India has launched 'Mobicash Easy'
State Bank of India has launched 'Mobicash Easy', a mobile wallet in Mumbai and Delhi with service offerings like funds transfer and bill payment among others. The service, which was launched yesterday, will offer services like balance enquiry, mini statement, funds transfer, mobile top-ups, DTH recharge, bill payment among others. 
NOTE:- SBI will soon launch a KYC or Know Your  Customer enabled mobile wallet service with higher transaction limits. The bank said, it will target migrant labourers and youth to use the wallet service.
5. National Archery Ch’ship:Deepika medal haul seven,Dola six
In the 33rd Senior National Archery Championships that concluded in Chennai yesterday, Deepika Kumari reigned supreme with seven medals while veteran Dola Banerjee marked her return to form picking up six medals.
NOTE:- Representing Steel Plant Sports Board, Deepika won two gold, three silver and two bronze in the women's recurve section. Railway archer Dola coming back from a long injury lay-off claimed two gold, two silver amd two bronze medals. In the Men's section, Railways archer Kapil won the individual Olympic round, even as Rahul Banerjee had the maxium number of five medals, which included one gold, two silver and two bronze.
6. Muthunayagam and Saraswat to be awarded with Aryabhatta Award by the ASI
The Astronautical Society of India (ASI) in the last week of December 2012 announced names of former secretary of the Department of Ocean Development, Dr. A.E. Muthunayagam and Dr. V.K. Saraswat, Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister for prestigious Aryabhatta Award for the year 2010 and 2011 respectively. The two have been selected for the achievement in rocketry.
7. Govt. rolls out Direct Transfer of Benefits scheme in 20 districts in 16 states
The government today launched Direct Transfer of Benefits into beneficiaries' accounts in 20 districts in 16 states including Punjab, Andhra Pradesh,Karnataka and Kerala. The scheme aims at providing benefits of several government welfare schemes directly to the beneficiaries’ bank accounts to plug leakages and reduce delays in their transfer.
The scheme will begin in 11 more districts from 1st of February and in another 12 districts from 1st of March this year. Initially there will be a direct benefit transfer in 7 schemes.
NOTEi:- These include pre-matric scholarships for SCs and post-matric scholarships for SCs, STs and OBCs, Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahayata Yojana and stipend to SCs and STs for coaching-cum-guidance and vocational training.
NOTEii:- The scheme will benefit around two lakh people in the country. Food, fertiliser, diesel and kerosene subsidies are not covered under the scheme.
NOTEiii:- It will be rolled out in phases in other parts of the country during 2013 after its succesful implementation in 43 districts.
8. President of Russia Vladmir Putin Visited India to attend 13th India-Russia Annual Summit
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, the President of Russia visited India at the Invitation of Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister of India to attend 13th India-Russia Annual Summit. During the visit the Russian President met the Prime Minister of India - Manmohan Singh and the President of India – Pranab Mukherjee.
9. Suven Life Sciences won Patents on three Products for CNS Molecules
Suven Life Sciences – the Drug Firm on 31 December 2012 won patents on three products for CNS molecules. Among the patents two are from Eurasia with patent numbers 016594 and 017007 and one is from Canada with patent number 2683124. 
NOTE:- These are the New Chemical Entities (NCEs) and would be used for the treatment of disorders related to Neurodegenerative diseases. The validity of these patents would last up to 2027. 
10. Venkatesh Mannar awarded with Canada’s Highest Civilian Award – the Order of Canada 
Mannar a Channai-born Scientist of Indian Origin and President, Micronutrient Initiative, Canada was awarded with Canada’s Highest Civilian Award – the Order of Canada in the last week of December 2012.
NOTE:- Mannar, a Graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Madras and a post graduate in chemical engineering from Northwestern University, US, was honoured with the award for his forty years long contribution working towards reduction of debilitating micronutrient deficiencies among the worlds most vulnerable.
Union Finance Minister P Chidambaram Unveiled Cash Transfer Rollout Plan

11. FII Investment in the Indian stock market surpassed more than 24000 crore Rupees in December 2012
Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) in the month of  December had pumped in more than 24000 crore rupees in the Indian stock market which is said to be the highest in 10 months timeline taking total FII inflow for the year 2012 to over 24 billion dollars.
NOTE:- As per the SEBI Data, In December, 2012 Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) were gross buyers of shares worth Rs 71595 crore rupees while they sold equities amounting to 47412 crore rupees. This translates into a net inflow of 24183 crore rupees or around.4.42 billion dollar.
12. Darul Uloom Deoband banned the use of multimedia mobile phones 
Asia's largest Islamic seminary, Darul Uloom Deoband has banned the use of multimedia mobile phones, saying they were acting on complaints that students were using them for morally unacceptable purposes.
13. 15-nation UN Security Council set to serve their two-year terms as the five new non-permanent members
In the 15-nation UN Security Council, Argentina, Australia, Luxembourg, South Korea and Rwanda, today began to serve their two-year terms as the five new non-permanent members.
NOTE:- The new Council members were elected by the UN General Assembly on October 18, 2012. Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal and South Africa ended their terms in the Council yesterday.
14. Cabinet gives nod to new science policy
India is set to unveil its new science policy next week which lays greater thrust on innovation, establishing research institutes and participation in mega science projects with an aim to positioning itself among the top five scientific powers in the world by 2020.
NOTE:- The Union Cabinet, at a meeting chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, on Wednesday approved the Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy-2013.