Thursday, 11 April 2013

BIOLOGY:INVENTIONS & INVENTORS

1.  Human Anatomy: Andreas Vesalius, Belgium, 1543.
2.  Anesthetic: Crawford W. Long, U.S., 1842.
3.  Antibiotics: Louis Pasteur, Jules-François Joubert, France, 1887.
4.  Antiseptic: (surgery) Joseph Lister, England, 1867
5.  Antitoxin, diphtheria: Emil von Behring, Germany, 1890.
6.  Aspirin: Dr. Felix Hoffman, Germany, 1899.
7.  Bacteria: Anton van Leeuwenhoek, The Netherlands, 1683.
8.  Circulation of Blood: William Harvey, England, 1628.
9.  Cells: Robert Hooke, England, 1665;
10.  Cholera bacterium: Robert Koch, Germany, 1883.
11.  Classification of plants:-
·      First modern( based on comparative study of forms): Andrea Cesalpino, Italy, 1583;
·      Classification of plants and animals (by genera and species): Carolus Linnaeus, Sweden, 1737–1753.
12.  DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid): Friedrich Meischer, Germany, 1869;
·      Determination of double-helical structure: Rosalind Elsie Franklin, F. H. Crick, England, James D. Watson, U.S., 1953.
13.  Insulin:-
·      First isolated: Sir Frederick G. Banting and Charles H. Best, Canada, 1921;
·      Discovery( first published):  Banting and Best, 1922;
14.  Electrocardiography: Demonstrated by Augustus Waller, 1887; (first practical device for recording activity of heart) Willem Einthoven, 1903, Dutch physiologist.
15.  Measles vaccine: John F. Enders, Thomas Peebles, U.S., 1953.
16.  Penicillin: (first modern antibiotic) Alexander Fleming, England, 1928;
17.  Vitamins:-
·      Hypothesis of disease deficienc: Sir F. G. Hopkins, Casimir Funk, England, 1912;
·      Vitamin A: Elmer V. McCollum, M. Davis, U.S., 1912–1914;
·      Vitamin B: McCollum, U.S., 1915–1916;
·      Thiamin, B1: Casimir Funk, England, 1912;
·      Riboflavin, B2: D. T. Smith, E. G. Hendrick, U.S., 1926;
·      Niacin: Conrad Elvehjem, U.S., 1937;
·      B6: Paul Gyorgy, U.S., 1934;
·      Vitamin C: C. A. Hoist, T. Froelich, Norway, 1912;
·      Vitamin D: McCollum, U.S., 1922;
·      Folic acid: Lucy Wills, England, 1933.
18.  Laws of Heredity: Gregor Mendel, Austria, 1865.
19.  Fermentation: (microorganisms as cause of) Louis Pasteur, France, c.1860.
20.  Gene transfer: (human) Steven Rosenberg, R. Michael Blaese, W. French Anderson, U.S., 1989.
21.  Plant respiration and photosynthesis: Jan Ingenhousz, Holland, 1779.
22.  Polio, vaccine:-
·      Experimentally safe dead-virus vaccine: Jonas E. Salk, U.S., 1952,
·      Safe oral live-virus vaccine developed:  Albert B. Sabin, U.S., 1954.
23.  Rabies immunization: Louis Pasteur, France, 1885.
24.  Tuberculosis bacterium: Robert Koch, Germany, 1882.
25.  Vaccination: Edward Jenner, England, 1796.

1 comment:

IndianResults Page said...

Read here full details of LIC FSE Recruitment 2013 LIC Recruitment

Post a Comment