1.    Nicolas Maduro  wins Venezuela Presidential Poll
i. In Venezuela, the Socialist candidate Nicolas Maduro has won a narrow victory in Presidential poll. 
ii. Mr Maduro, who was chosen by the late President Hugo Chavez, won 50.7 per cent of the vote against 49.1 per cent for opposition candidate Henrique Capriles.
iii. Moments after Mr Maduro's victory was announced, celebrations started across the capital Caracas. Following the announcement, Mr Maduro acclaimed his victory as fair and legal and called for calm. 

NOTE: i. Mr Maduro had been serving as acting President since Mr Chavez died of cancer last month. 
ii. He is due to be sworn in on 19th of this month and serve until January 2019 to complete the six-year term that Mr Chavez would have begun in January.

2.    Palestinian Prime Minister Salam Fayyad Resigned
i. Palestinian Prime Minister Salam Fayyad resigned on 13 April 2013 after falling out with president Mahmud Abbas.
ii. Salam Fayyad was tasked with the role of caretaker for the current government until a new prime minister is appointed.
iii. Fayyad held the finance portfolio as well as the premiership before Qassis's appointment in May 2012. His economic policies were being crticised by Abbas’s ruling Fatah movement.
iv. The world community gives credit to Fayyad with building a sound institutional framework for the Palestinian Authority ruling over West Bank area. His resignation could hinder implementation of an agreement with Israel.

3.    India and Malta signed the New DTAA at Valetta, Malta
i. India and Malta signed the new DTAA (The Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement) at Valetta, Malta during the visit of Preneet Kaur, Minister of State for External Affairs of India. 
ii. Once the DTAA enters into force, it will stimulate the flow of capital, technology and personnel between both the countries and will further strengthen the economic relationship.
iii. It also provides tax stability and reduces any obstacles in providing mutual cooperation between India and Malta. 
iv. DTAA and the Protocol between the Republic of India and Malta for the avoidance of double taxation and for the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income is in force since 8th February, 1995.
v. Both India and Malta have renegotiated the Agreement to bring in line with international standards, change in domestic laws and changed economic scenario.

4.    Dr Hilary Koprowski, Developer of First Successful Oral Vaccination for Polio Died
i. Dr Hilary Koprowski, a Polish researcher who developed the first successful oral vaccination for polio died on 11 April 2013 in Philadelphia. He was 96 years of age.

About Dr Hilary Koprowski
i. Dr Hilary Koprowski was born on 5 December 1916. 
ii. He was a Polish virologist and immunologist and was known for developing the first effective polio vaccine. 
iii. In May 1990, he received the Philadelphia Award, which is the most prestigious honour of Philadelphia. 
iv. In 1997, he won the Legion d'Honneur from the French government. 

5.    Sharad Yadav Unanimously Re-Elected As the National President of JDU
i. Sharad Yadav was unanimously re-elected as the national President of Janata Dal (United) for third time in a row, on 14 April 2013.
ii. Sharad Yadav, 65, announced keeping the NDA alliance intact.
iii. It is important to note that Sharad Yadav’s election came after the amendment to party constitution. Earlier, the party did not enable the incumbent person for getting more than two terms as the party chief. 
iv. Sharad Yadav’s name was proposed by 20 state units of the party which included Bihar. He became the JD(U) president in 2006.
v. He succeeded George Fernandes, who was elected as JD(U)’s president in 2003.
NOTE: i. Sharad Yadav is the four-time MP from Madhepura Lok Sabha seat in Bihar.
ii. He has remained active in politics for past 4 decades.
iii. He first became the MP from Madhya Pradesh's Jabalpur constituency in 1977.
iv. He also won the Outstanding Parliamentarian Award for 2012.

6.    Adam Scott won the 77th Version of Augusta Masters Golf Tournament
i. Adam Scott won the Augusta Masters Golf championship by beating Angel Cabrera in the play-off for the title.
ii. It was his maiden major title. He became the first Australian to win Augusta Masters.
iii. Australian Jason Day, runner up with Scott in 2011, was third at seven under with Tiger Woods (70) and another Australian Marc Leishman (72) tied for fourth at five under.

7.    Industrialist RP Goenka Passed away
i. Industrialist R.P. Goenka passed away on 14 April 2013 at his residence at the age of 83. He is survived by his wife Sushila and his sons Harsha Vardhan and Sanjiv.
ii. RP Goenka established RPG Enterprises in the year 1979. It included Phillips Carbon Black, Asian Cables, Agarpara Jute Mill and Murphy India. Other major companies in his group are CESC, CEAT, Spencer's and Saregama.
iii. In post-independence India his contribution to industry was considered among the highest.

8.    Gregg Clark named as the Coach of the Junior Hockey Men’s National Team
i. Hockey India named South African Gregg Clark as the chief coach of the junior men’s national team. He had coached the South African senior men’s team for seven years including the 2008 and 2012 Olympics earlier. 
ii. He also coached the title-winning Ranchi Rhinos in the inaugural edition of the Hockey India League (HIL) in 2013.
iii. Clark was appointed for a period of one year but the contract can be renewed. The junior Hockey World Cup will be held in India in December 2013.

9.    India's first automatic toll collection system launched in Maharashtra
i. The country's first interoperable RIFD-based electronic toll system was rolled out on the Ahmedabad-Mumbai National Highway and the system would allow vehicles fitted with electronic tags to sail through six toll plazas automatically.
ii. "C P Joshi, the Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways dedicated to the nation today, the first interoperable Radio Frequency Identification Device (RFID) technology based Electronic Tolling System at Charoti Toll Plaza, Dahanu in Thane District, Maharashtra," 
iii. The interoperable RIFD based system would allow vehicles to sail through six toll plazas, operated by three different road developers Larsen and Toubro (L&T), IRB Infrastructure and NHAI
iv. Electronic Toll Collection is a system enabling collection of toll payments electronically allowing for near-nonstop toll collection and traffic monitoring.
v. Currently, vehicles plying on Indian highways have to pay cash at all the toll plazas to pass through.
vi. The initial cost of the tag has been kept at Rs 150 and the minimum amount to be deposited for a car is Rs 200.

10.  Chinese abstract painter Zao Wou-ki died
i. Chinese abstract master Zao Wou-ki, whose works routinely fetch millions of dollars at auction, has died in Switzerland aged 93.
ii. Zao, who suffered from Alzheimer's, had died on Tuesday 10 days after being admitted to hospital.
iii. Born in Beijing, Zao moved to Paris in 1948 before the Communist takeover of his country.
iv. He became a French citizen in 1964 and only returned to China for the first time since leaving in 1972.
v. Renowned for combining Chinese and European influences, his painting 25.06.86 sold in Hong Kong last year for HK$25.3 million, a world record for the artist at auction.

11.  Chandigarh lifted 3rd Hockey India Sub-Junior Men National Championship (North Zone) title.
i. Chandigarh defeated Punjab 2-1 to lift the 3rd Hockey India Sub-Junior Men National Championship (North Zone) title at Sonepat on Monday.
ii. Meanwhile, Haryana won the 3rd Hockey India Sub-Junior Women National Championship (North Zone) after getting the better of Chandigarh, 3-1 in the final.