1. World Asthma day being observed today
i. World Asthma Day is being observed on Tuesday. The theme for this year is "You Can Control Your Asthma."
ii. The day is observed to improve the awareness about the disease and available care around the world including India.
iii. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), it is estimated that 235 million people suffer from asthma worldwide.
iv. Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children.
v. It is not just a public health problem for high income countries: it occurs in all countries regardless of level of development. Over 80% of asthma deaths occur in low and lower-middle income countries.
vi. It is a condition where a person finds it difficult to breathe because the tubes that carry air into the lungs swell up.
vii. At present, around 25 per cent of the Indian population suffers from allergies and 5 per cent of them suffer from allergies that lead to asthma.
viii. Though, asthma can be prevented, it is important for a patient to follow doctor’s instructions regarding schedule, medication and regular checkups.
2. World Bank to provide $100 mn grant to Afghanistan
i. he World Bank will provide 100 million dollar grant to Afghanistan for expanding basic health and essential hospital services in the country.
ii. A joint press release issued by the World Bank and the Afghan government in Kabul said that an agreement to this effect has been signed between Afghan Government and the World Bank
iii. The Grant provided by the World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA) aims to help the Afghan Public Health Ministry for its System Enhancement Health Action in Transition (SEHAT) program.
iv. The Grant will be utilized in expanding the scope and quality of basic health and essential hospital services of the country.
v. It will cover both rural and urban areas in 22 of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan and will strengthen the national health system by building capacity of the Public Health Ministry.
vi. Thanking the World Bank for the help Afghan Finance Minister Dr. Omar Zakhilwal said provision of health care facilities to its people is one of the main priorities of Afghan government.
3. RBI places restriction on gold purchases by banks
i. It is believed that the import of gold into India, which is the largest consumer of the metal in the world, would fall following a move by the central bank of the country place restrictions on the banks form purchasing gold form foreign markets.
ii. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has placed the restriction on the banks with an aim to curb gold imports and reduce the large Current account deficit of the government.
iii. The RBI has said that the high CAD is the biggest risk to the Indian economy at present and hinted that if the worrying trend continues then the monetary policy might be reversed.
iv. Banks will now be only allowed to import gold on a consignment basis to one meet the demand for exporters of gold jewelry, the central bank said in its annual monetary statement today.
v. It said that the majority of the import by banks is on a consignment basis that does not require the banks to fund the purchases.
4. Karnataka to host National hockey
i. After a three-year interval, the much-diluted senior men's National Hockey Championship for the Rangaswamy Cup will commence here Wednesday with defending champions Mumbai taking on hosts Karnataka in the opening fixture.
ii. The week-long tournament that concludes on May 16, will see zonal winners Punjab (North), Mumbai (West), Karnataka (South), Jharkhand (East), Uttar Pradesh (Central) and Manipur (North-East) playing one another on a single league basis followed by classification matches for positions 1-4.
iii. The zonal system returns with the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) attempting to make the event more competitive while doing away with farcical one-sided games besides cutting down on duration and by extension the costs of hosting some 20-plus teams, of which barely half-a-dozen can boast of a hockey pedigree.
5. Cabinet gave approval for Women Self Help Groups to Get Low Interest Loans
i. The Union Cabinet of India on 1May 2013 approved major changes to the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) with the objective of removing poverty in rural areas by empowering women
ii. Approximately, 25 lakh Women Self Help Groups (SHGs) will be given bank loans at an interest rate of seven percent.
iii. They could avail loans upto 3 lakh rupees annually.
iv. At first, the scheme will begin as a pilot project in 150 districts which includes the 82 Integrated Action Plan districts affected by naxal violence while 75 per cent of the cost will be carried by the Central government and 25 per cent by the States in the rest of the states.
NOTE: i. All women SHGs are now getting bank loans at 11.5 to 14 per cent rate of interest.
ii. In the 150 districts, the Union government will carry the complete cost of the interest subvention from the market rate to seven per cent.
6. veteran journalist Profulla Chandra Borua passes away
i. Profulla Chandra Borua, veteran journalist who had held the post of editor in prominent Assamese newspapers, died on Monday at a hospital in Guwahati after protracted illness. He was 75
ii. Borua was suffering from cancer and was admitted to hospital three days ago in a critical condition, his family sources said.
iii. With a journalistic career spanning 50 years, Borua was the editor of prominent newspaper 'Janambhumi' between 1969-86, Dainik Asam between 1987-95, and was presently editor of 'Uddipam', the only weekly for senior citizens in the Northeast region.
iv. Meanwhile, Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi condoling his death said Borua's contributions to journalism will remain immortal and his example as an impartial and responsible editor will be an inspiration for the future generation of journalists.
7. Giulio Andreotti, the former Italian Prime Minister died
i. Giulio Andreotti, the former Italian Prime Minister died on 6 May 2013 at the age of 94 in Rome.
ii. He was one of the most powerful figures in the politics of the country after World War II.
iii. In the last days of his life, he suffered from respiratory and heart problems.
8. Uttar Pradesh Largest Number of Mobile Subscribers in India
i. According to a Survey, the country's most populous state, Uttar Pradesh, accounted for the largest number of mobile subscribers in India followed by Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Bihar.
ii. Uttar Pradesh has a total of 121.60 million mobile phone connections, while, Tamil Nadu has 71.81 million subscribers, according to the TRAI data.
iii. Maharashtra is at the third position, with a subscriber base of 67.73 million followed by Andhra Pradesh and Bihar at 64.12 million and 60.73 million, respectively.
iv. These five states together account of 366 million mobile subscribers, which is 45 per cent of the total cell phone connections in the country.
NOTE: India, which is the world's second largest mobile phone market in terms of subscribers, had a total of 861.66 million mobile connections as on February 2013, data from telecom regulator Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) showed.
9. Miller's sensational century leads Punjab to amazing win
i. David Miller bludgeoned his way to a sensational 38-ball 101 as Kings XI Punjab pulled off a dramatic six-wicket win over Royal Challengers Bangalore in their Pepsi IPL match in Mohali on Monday.
ii. Miller played one of the most breathtaking knocks in IPL history and shared an unbelievable unbeaten 130-run stand for the fourth wicket with Rajgopal Satish (27) as the hosts overhauled the imposing 191-run target with 12 balls to spare.
iii. Playing his first game of the season, Pujara scored a gritty 51 off 48 balls with the help of eight boundaries before getting bowled out by Gony.
iv.Kings XI Punjab won the toss and elected to bowl against Royal Challengers Bangalore at the PCA stadium.