1.    International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer observed
i. International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer was observed on 16 September 2013 across the world to bring awareness about the depletion of Ozone layer in the atmosphere.
ii. This event commemorates the date of the signing of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer in 1987.
iii. The day was designated by the United Nations General Assembly in 1994 since then International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer is celebrated on September 16 every year. 
iv. The theme for the year 2013 is A healthy atmosphere, the Future We Want.

About Ozone
i. Ozone is a special form of oxygen with the chemical formula O3. Ozone constitutes a very small part of our atmosphere, but its presence is nevertheless vital to human well-being.
ii. Most ozone resides high up in the atmosphere, between 10 and 40km above Earth's surface. This region is called the stratosphere and it contains about 90 percent of all the ozone in the atmosphere.
iii. Ozone in the stratosphere absorbs some of the Sun’s biologically harmful UltraViolet radiation (UV).

2.    Indian American is Miss America - for the first time
i. Nina Davuluri (24 year old) has become the first person of Indian descent to be crowned Miss America.
ii. Davuluri, who was also the first Indian-American to serve as Miss New York, performed a Bollywood dance for the talent part, answered a question about plastic surgery and hopes to become a doctor, like her father.
iii. Davuluri studied at St. Joseph High School and University of Michigan. Her scholastic honours include Dean`s List; Michigan Merit Award; National Honour Society She competed on the platform issue of "Celebrating Diversity through Cultural Competency" showcasing her talent of "Classical Bollywood Fusion," according to Miss America organisation.
iv. The 53 contestants introduced themselves in a taped segment with those quippy catchphrases, including "Listening to your phone calls from the Nation`s Capital. Just kidding! I`m Miss District of Columbia, Bindhu Pamarthi."
v. The judges were 2004 Miss America winner Deidre Downs Gunn, the New York Knicks` Amar`e Stoudemire, Lance Bass from the boy band `N Sync, comedian Mario Cantone, violinist Joshua Bell and television chef Carla Hall.

3.    IndiaFirst Life offers policies in demat form
i. Private life insurer IndiaFirst Life has announced the availability of all its policies in dematerialised format after the formal launch of the insurance repository today.
ii. The insurance repository will provide policyholders the facility to keep insurance policies in electronic form and provide a single platform for making any changes in the same.
iii. “This move will provide greater convenience to customers. Dematerialisation of policies will help customers track and maintain their insurance portfolio on a real time basis on a single platform”, said P. Nandagopal, MD & CEO, IndiaFirst Life
iv. The electronic insurance account will do away with the need for KYC norms like address and identity proof for every purchase and will bring in all the benefits of demat to the insurance business, including automatic reminders for premium.
v. Insurance companies will have a huge cost incentive in encouraging customers to hold their policies in electronic form. It is also expected help address the issues of low-cost policies such as micro insurance policies effectively.

4.    AISA sweeps JNU students' union polls
i. The Left-leaning All India Students Association (AISA) on Monday swept the Jawaharlal Nehru University Students Union (JNUSU) election, bagging three of the four top posts by huge margins. 
ii. Akbar Chaudhary was elected the president, Anubhuti Agnes the vice president, Sandeep Saurav the general secretary and Sarfaraz Hamid the joint secretary. 
iii. Chaudhary, studying for a doctorate in philosophy, polled 1,977 votes, defeating Ishan Anand of the Democratic Students Federation (DSF) by 1,327 votes. 
iv. The major battle was between the AISA -- which also won three posts barring that of president in 2012 -- and the DSF, a breakaway group from the Students Federation of India (SFI).

5.    Inflation jumps to 6.10 percent in August
i. India's wholesale price based inflation jumped to 6.10 percent in August, government data showed Monday.
ii. The headline inflation, measured in terms of the Wholesale Price Index (WPI), accelerated to 6.10 percent in August as against 5.79 percent in the previous month.
iii. Inflation was recorded at 8.01 percent during the corresponding month of the previous year, according to data released here by the ministry of commerce and industry.
iv. The food inflation for the month rose to 18.18 percent

6.    Inter-Korean industrial zone reopens
i. South Korean businessmen crossed into North Korea on Monday as the joint Kaesong industrial zone reopened five months after it was closed by soaring military tensions and threats of war.
ii. The highly symbolic outcome of recent efforts to improve inter-Korean relations saw dozens of cars, trucks and factory managers cross the border shortly after 8:30 am local time (0500 IST). 
iii. Months of  heightened military tensions, with Pyongyang issuing daily apocalyptic threats of nuclear strikes, resulted in North Korea withdrawing its 53,000-strong workforce from the join industrial zone.
iv. As part of the deal, the North accepted the South's demand that Kaesong be opened to foreign investors -- a move seen by Seoul as a guarantee against the North shutting the complex down again in the future
v. The most immediate task for the South Korean managers is to inspect the state of production lines that have been out of operation for nearly five months, and to determine how quickly they can get them up and running again. 

7.    OASS' wins best film at LIFF
i. Abhinav Shiv Tiwari's "OASS", a movie on human trafficking, was named the best film at the second edition of the Ladakh International Film Festival (LIFF).
ii. It also won the best screenplay, and Divya Chhetri was awarded the best actress for the same movie
iii. Sewan Sing Yein won the best actor for "KO:Yad", for which Manju Patra Borah clinched the best director award at the closing ceremony of the three-day extravaganza in Leh on Sunday.
iv. The international jury of the fest was chaired by acclaimed filmmaker Aparna Sen. The other jury members included Canadian filmmaker and South Asian Film Festival co-founder T.C. McLuhan. "It was a moment of pride for me to preside over such a like-minded jury," Sen said at the event.
v. A host of awards were given out for cinematography, short film and documentary film. Ladakh's filmmakers were honoured under a special category of awards.
vi. A tribute was paid to late filmmakers Rituparno Ghosh and Yash Chopra, as well as actor Pran.

8.    Saudi Arabia to compete for first time at Oscars 
i. Saudi Arabia, where cinemas are banned, is to compete for an Oscar for the first time next year with feminist film "Wadjda" directed by Haifaa al-Mansour, a Saudi official announced on Sunday. 
ii. The movie tells of a young girl's quest to own a bicycle in the ultra-conservative Muslim kingdom where women are deprived of many rights, among them driving. 
iii. "Wadjda will represent Saudi Arabia at the Oscars, competing for the best foreign-language film, in a first for the kingdom," Sultan al-Bazie, who heads the Saudi Arabian Society for Culture and Arts, told media persons. 
iv. Directed by Saudi Arabia's first female filmmaker Haifaa al-Mansour and shot entirely in the Gulf state, the film won best Arabic feature award at the Dubai Film Festival last year and picked up an award in Cannes in March. 
v. "Wadjda" was co-produced by Germany's Razor Film and several Saudi companies, including Rotana Studios which is linked to a member of the royal family. 
vi. The kingdom remains the only country where women are banned from driving. They must also cover from head to toe when in public, among other restrictions. 

9.    Siddiqa Parveen of India declared the World's Tallest Woman
i. An Indian woman from south Dinajpur in West Bengal was declared the world's tallest woman. Siddiqa Parveen received the title from the Guinness World Records.
ii. This was announced in the new record book launched in the second week of 2013 in London. 
iii. The entry said, the tallest woman living is Siddiqa Parveen, who was measured to be at least 7 feet 3.5 inches. The doctor estimates her standing height to be at 7 ft 8 inches.

Note: India already holds the record for being home to the world's shortest woman. Standing at 24.7 inches, Jyoti Amge has held the Guinness world record title for Shortest Living Woman since her 18th birthday on 16 December 2011.

10.  Balaji –Murugesan Pair Won ITF Men’s Doubles Title in Egypt
i. The Indian duo of N. Sriram Balaji and Ranjeet Virali-Murugesan won the ITF Men's Doubles Title at Sharam-Al-Sheikh, Egypt on 15 September 2013. 
ii. In the title clash, the top seeded Indian duo defeated the fourth seeded Egyptian pair of Karim Hossam and Karim-Mohamed Maamoun, 6-4, 7-6.
iii. The Indian pair Balaji –Murugesan won their doubles title in 10000 dollar prize money category.

Note: The ITF Men's Circuit is a series of professional tennis tournaments held around the world that are organized by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) for male professional Tennis players.

11.  Kanoon Lugat, the First Urdu Law Dictionary Released
i. Kanoon Lugat, an Urdu law dictionary, a first of its kind in the country was released on 15 September 2013 in Mumbai.
ii. The dictionary, encompassing 52000 legal terms, has been translated in Urdu for the first time. Supreme Court advocate Muhammad Irshad Hanif authored the translation of this dictionary. The Urdu legal dictionary has a foreword written by former Chief Justice of India Altamas Kabir. 
iii. Advocate Hanif has also translated Indian Penal Code and Indian Evidence Act in Urdu, besides publishing two books Taziraat-e-Hind andQanoon Shahadat-e-Hind. 
iv. With these books, the litigants would be more empowered with correct knowledge of the laws and would be in a better position to understand their lawyers, rights and liabilities, as well as the legal proceedings in the courts.

12.  Serena Williams remains top in WTA rankings
i. Serena Williams remained first in an unchanged top 10 of the women’s tennis rankings issued on Monday by the WTA.
ii. The French Open and US Open champion Williams leads far ahead of the pack with 12,260 points. She is followed by Victoria Azarenka with 9,505 points and Maria Sharapova who has 7,866 points.

WTA rankings as of September 16  
(1) Serena Williams, United States    
(2) Victoria Azarenka, Belarus
(3) Maria Sharapova, Russia,.          
(4) Agnieszka Radwanska, Poland, 
(5) Sara Errani, Italy,                           
(6) Li Na, China, . 
(7) Marion Bartoli, France, .              
(8) Caroline Wozniacki, Denmark, . 
(9) Angelique Kerber, Germany,     
(10) Jelena Jankovic, Serbia, 

13.  Novak Djokovic increases lead in ATP rankings
i. Novak Djokovic slightly increased his lead over US Open Champion Rafael Nadal in the latest men’s tennis ranking released on Monday by the ATP.
ii. Djokovic tops the bill with 11,120 points while Nadal remains second with an unchanged 10,860, followed by Andy Murray with 7,075 points.
iii. Roger Federer swapped places with Tomas Berdych, moving up to fifth on 4,515 and pushing Berdych to sixth with 4,460.

ATP top 10 as of September 16 (previous ranking in parenthesis):
(1) Novak Djokovic, Serbia                   
(2) Rafael Nadal, Spain, 
(3) Andy Murray, Britain                        
 (4) David Ferrer, Spain,
(5) Tomas Berdych, Czech Republic,.  
(6) Roger Federer, Switzerland
(7) Juan Martin del Potro, Argentina,   
(8) Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, France,  
(9) Richard Gasquet, France,              
(10) Stanislas Wawrinka, Switzerland,

14.  Typhoon Man-yi hits Japan
i. Typhoon Man-yi hit central Japan today as officials issued a “special warning” of heavy rain, amid fears the storm could go on to hit the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant.
ii. The typhoon, moving north-northeast at a speed of 45 kilometres per hour, is expected to head towards the capital and its surrounding region later in the day, the agency said.
iii. The typhoon had already brought heavy rain and strong winds to the south and east before even hitting Japan.