1. International Literacy Day was celebrated Across the Globe
i. International Literacy Day was held on 8 September 2013. International Literacy Day was designated by UNESCO on 17 November 1965.
ii. This day was first celebrated on 8 September 1966. International Literacy day is observed every year on 8 September to raise people's awareness and concern for literacy issues in the world.
iii. It aims to highlight the importance of literacy to individuals, communities, societies and reminds the international community of the status of literacy and adult learning globally.
iv. According to UNESCO, about 774 million adults lack the minimum literacy skills.
v. One in five adults is still not literate and two-thirds of them are women. About 75 million children are out-of-school and many more attend irregularly or drop out.
vi. Across the globe, including the USA and the United Kingdom, the day raises people's awareness of and concern for literacy problems within their own communities.
vii. The major activities include literacy day projects, particularly with regard to technology and literature, which are promoted by various organizations including reading associations.
2. Paes and Stepanek's Won US Open title
i. Leander Paes won his eighth men’s doubles Grand Slam title, and 14th overall, as he combined with Radek Stepanek to clinch US Open trophy with a dominating victory over Alexander Peya and Bruno Soares in the title clash, in New York on Sunday.
ii. It was a perfect climax for Paes and Stepanek, who came into the US Open with title in Winston Salem Open, as they won their second major title together, having won Australian Open last year.
iii. It was third US Open title for 40-year-old Paes and the previous two had also come with Czech partners. In 2006, the Indian won with Martin Damm and in 2009 with Lukas Dlouhy.
iv. Last year at the US Open, Paes had ended runner-up with Stepanek, losing to Bryan brothers.
3. Serena Williams beats Victoria Azarenka for 5th US Open title
i. Top-seeded Serena Williams won her fifth U.S. Open championship and 17th Grand Slam title overall by beating No. 2 Victoria Azarenka 7-5, 6-7 (6), 6-1 in a windy final.
ii. Sunday's match was the toughest test these two weeks for the No. 1-seeded Williams, who also beat Azarenka in three sets in last year's final.
iii. Williams hadn't lost a set in her previous six matches but was bothered by the swirling air and Azarenka's strong play. Seemingly in control in the second set, Williams was broken while serving for the match at 5-4 and 6-5.
4. Tokyo won the Right to Host the 2020 Summer Olympic Games
i. Tokyo on 7 September 2013 won the right to host the 2020 Summer Olympic Games.
ii. Members of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) meeting in Buenos Aires chose the Japanese capital Tokyo, over Istanbul, after Madrid.
iii. The decision means it will be the fourth time that Japan plays host to the Olympics, having also organized hosted Olympic winter Games in Nagano (1998) and Sapporo (1972).
iv. Asia will also see successive Olympics, as the South Korean resort of Pyeongchang is hosting the 2018 winter edition.
v. The final result was 60 votes for Tokyo against 36 for Istanbul.
NOTE: Japan won the right to host Olympic Games for the second time. It had previously hosted the Games in 1964. Olympic is considered world’s biggest sporting event.
5. Miss World pageant opens in Indonesia
i. The 63rd edition of the Miss World pageant opened on Sunday after protests by conservative Islamic groups confined the event to Indonesia’s resort island of Bali.
ii. The opening ceremony, which was televised to 186 countries, featured Bali’s Kecak Dance and a parade of all 131 contestants.
iii. The Indonesia Ulema Council, an umbrella organisation of clerics, Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia and Front for Islamic Defenders have urged the government to cancel the event.
iv. They have argued that the exposure of skin by women in a competition violates Muslim teachings, even after organisers agreed to cut the bikini competition and instead outfit contestants in more conservative sarongs.
v. The chairwoman of the Miss World Organisation, Julia Morley, has promised that none of the contestants will wear a bikini.
6. Wrestling back in Olympics after major reform
i. Wrestling was reinstated into the Olympic programme for the 2020 and 2024 Games on Sunday, beating baseball/softball and squash after the ancient sport underwent sweeping reforms since being provisionally dropped in February.
ii. Wrestling obtained a majority of 49 votes in a secret ballot among 95 members of the International Olympic Committee after all three sports had made a 20-minute presentation.
iii. Wrestling was dropped by the IOC executive board in February 2013, but got into a shortlist with the other two in order to get back into the Games through widespread reform and lobbying from many countries including an unlikely Russia-Iran-U.S. alliance.
iv. Earlier, the IOC approved the 25 core sports at Summer Games with a 77-16 majority. Rugby sevens and golf will be added in 2016 and wrestling now brings the number of sports back to the maximum 28.
NOTE: Baseball/softball, not on the programme since 2008, got 24 votes. Squash, bidding to become a new Olympic sport had to settle for 22.
7. Indian American Kavita Shukla won INDEX Design Award
i. Indian American Kavita Shukla in the first week of September 2013 won INDEX design award for her innovative design, FreshPaper.
ii. It helps keep food fresh for a longer period. The award carries 500000 Euro award. It recognizes the best of innovations addressing problems facing the world.
iii. The Award is given biennially in Copenhagen, Denmark.
iv. FreshPaper is simple, low-tech and hyper affordable, with the potential to scale into new markets. The FreshPaper is compostable and infused only with organic spices.
v. Kavita founded a social enterprise, Fenugreen, in 2010 to provide her product to needy people across the globe. It is already available in the US.
8. ISRO to launch Mars Orbiter Mission in November 2013
i. Union government of India is set to launch ISRO’s (Indian Space Research Organization’s) ambitious Mars Orbiter Mission in November 2013.
ii. The unmanned mission, which will explore the existence of life and the possibility of sustaining life on Mars, will travel 299 days in space before reaching the Red Planet in September 2014.
iii. The Mars Orbiter Mission will be sent through powerful PSLV-XL launch vehicle.
iv. India will be the sixth nation to launch a mission to Mars after the U.S., Russia, Europe, Japan and China.
9. Hindujas won Lifetime Achievement Award in Britain
i. British Indian billionaire brothers Srichand and Gopichand Hinduja won a Lifetime Achievement Award for their contributions to UK's Asian community.
ii. The award was given at the annual Asian Achievers Awards (AAA) in London on 6 September 2013 by American civil rights activist Jesse Jackson.
iii. The awards are organised by the ABPL Group, publishers of Asian Voice and Gujarat Samachar newspapers in the UK, with the purpose of celebrating the achievements of South Asians based in Britain.
iv. 2013's awards highlighted the achievements of Asian women and all the money raised from a charity auction was assigned for the Lily Foundation. It is a charity working against human trafficking in India and the UK.
10. Djokovic to meet Nadal in US Open final
i. Rafael Nadal and Novak Djokovic have built the best rivalry in tennis on a mountain of big-time matches, the likes of which they’ll play on Monday in the US Open final.
ii. It will be the 37th meeting of their careers the most times in the Open era that any two men have played.
iii. Nadal will be going for his 13th major title, Djokovic his seventh.
iv. Nadal is seeded second, Djokovic first.
v. This will be their third meeting in the last four years in the final in Arthur Ashe Stadium, a stretch interrupted last year when Nadal sat out with a knee injury. Nadal won the first match, in 2010, and Djokovic won the rematch in 2011.
vi. Both were tense four-setters that played a role in the winner being ranked first at year’s end.