Friday, 26 December 2014

Reasoning Quiz

Directions (1-5): Below are given some passages followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passages. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and then decide upon its degree of truth and falsity.
Mark your answer as:
(1) if the inference is definitely true.
(2) if the inference is probably true.
(3) if the data is inadequate.
(4) if the inference is probably false.
(5) if the inference is definitely false.

India and other developing countries, while expressing their commitment to the up gradation of labour standards, have been resisting the move to link international trade, not only with labour standards, but also with environmental concerns and human rights. The move was set afoot on the successful conclusion of the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations with a proposal for the inclusion of a social clause in the World Trade Organization (WTO), which succeeds GATT. Later on, stiff opposition to the move on the ground that the matter did not fall in the area of trade, a proposal was mooted for the inclusion of a social clause in ILO.
1. India has been sidelined on the issue of linking international trade with labour.

2. The efforts of linking international trade with labour are being carried out by developed countries.

3. All countries appear committed to the cause of upgradation of labour standards.

4. The Uruguay Round concluded successfully.

5. India claims that environmental issues and trade are uncorrelated.

Directions (6-7): In each of the questions below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decided which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Give your answer as
(1) If only assumption I is implicit
(2) If only assumption II is implicit
(3) If either I or II is implicit
(4) If neither I nor II is implicit
(5) If both I and II are implicit
6. Statement: It is desirable to put the child in the school at the age of 5 years or so.
I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn
II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

7. Statement: Even with the increase in the number of sugar factories in India, we still continue to import sugar.
I. The consumptions of sugar per capita has increased in India.
II. Many of the factories are not in a position to produce sugar to their fullest capacity.

Directions (8-10): In each of the questions below a statement is given followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. A course of action is a step or an administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow up a further action in regard to the problem, policy etc, On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested course (s) of action logically follow(s) worth pursuing.
8. Statement: Occurrences of natural calamities have now increased as compared to the situation five years ago.
Courses of Action:
I.  Government should always be ready with the action plan for disaster management.
II. Government should not permit development activities which are likely to cause harm to nature.
III. Government should appoint a committee of environmentalists and scientists to work out plans to handle various calamities.
(1) Only I and II follow
(2) Only I and III follow
(3) Only II and III follow
(4) All follow
(5) None of these

9. Statement: Despite increasing BPO jobs in our country, a large number of educated youth are unemployed.
Courses of Action:
I. Government should give unemployment allowance to all unemployed youth.
II. Government should introduce various schemes in different areas that will generate employment opportunities.
III. Efforts should be made by the society and the Government to encourage the youth for vocational education.
(1) Only I and II follow
(2) Only II and III follow
(3) Only I and III follow
(4) Only II follows
(5) None of these

10. Statement: Cases of asthma sufferers have been rising, particularly in the big cities.
Courses of Action:
I. Civic authorities should ensure adequate supply of medicines at normal rates.
II. Civic authorities need to control the air pollution caused due to emission from vehicles.
III. Act of tree-cutting without permission should be severely punished.
(1) Only I and II follow
(2) Only II and III follow
(3) Only III follows
(4) Only II follows
(5) None of these

Solutions (1-5):
1. (5)

2. (2)

3. (2)

4. (1)

5. (2)

Solutions (6-7):
6. (1)

7. (4)

Solutions (8-10):
8. (4)

9. (2)

10. (1)

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