Friday, 26 December 2014

Reasoning Quiz

Directions (1-5): Each question consists of three statements followed by two conclusions I and II. Consider the statements to be true even if they are in variance with the commonly known facts. 
Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements using all the three statements together. Mark your answer as –


(1) If only conclusion I follows.
(2) If only conclusion II follows.
(3) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. 
(4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
(5) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow.

1. Statements: 
All rings are watches.
Some bangles are rings.
Some caps are watches.

Conclusions: 
I. No cap is a bangle is a possibility.
II. Some rings which are caps they must be a part of bangles.

2. Statements: 
All artists are players.
All musicians are artists.
All players are singers.

Conclusions: 
I. All singers are musicians is a possibility.
II. Some singers which are artists also a part of musicians.

3. Statements: 
All bricks are stones.
Some stones are rocks.
All rocks are mountains.

Conclusions: 
I. Some mountains which are stones are also a part of bricks.
II. No rock is brick is a possibility.

4. Statements: 
All sixes are scores.
All boundaries are fours.
No boundary is score.

Conclusions: 
I. All sixes are fours is a possibility.
II. All scores which are fours are also a part of boundaries.

5. Statements: 
Some cars are mobiles.
All mobiles are phones.
All cars are trucks.

Conclusions: 
I. Some cars are not mobile.
II. All trucks are phones is a possibility.

Directions (6-10): In the following questions, the symbols @, ©, %, * and $ are used with the following meaning as illustrated below.

‘A @ B’ means ‘A is either greater than or equal to B’.
‘A © B’ means ‘A is either smaller than or equal to B’.
‘A % B’ means ‘A is greater than B’.
‘A * B’ means ‘A is smaller than B’.
‘A $ B’ means ‘A is neither greater than nor smaller than B’.

Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true and give your answer accordingly. 

Give answer—
(1) If only conclusion I is true.
(2) If only conclusion II is true.
(3) If either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.
(4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.
(5) If both conclusions I and II are true.

6. Statements: 
M @ R
R % T
T $ K

Conclusions:  
I.  K * M
II. T * M

7. Statements: 
H % J
B © J
B @ F

Conclusions:  
I.  F $ J
II.  J % F

8. Statements: 
A © N
N * V
V $ J

Conclusions: 
I.  J @ N
II.  A © V

9. Statements: 
K * T
T @ B
B © M

Conclusions: 
I.  M % T
II.  K © B

10. Statements: 
W © R
J @ R
J * K

Conclusions: 
I.  J @ W
II.  K % R




ANSWERS
ANSWERS
Solutions (1-5):
1. (1)

2. (1)
       
3. (2)


4. (1)

   
5. (2)
 

Solutions (6-10):
6. (5):
M ≥ R > T = K
I. K < M
II. T < M

7. (2):
H > J ≥ B ≥ F
I. F = J
II. J > F

8. (4):
A ≤ N < V= J
I. J ≥ N
II. A ≤ V

9. (4):
K < T ≥ B ≤ M
I. M > T
II. K ≤ B

10. (5):
W ≤ R ≤ J < K
I. J ≥ W
II. K > R

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