Reasoning Quiz

Directions (1-5): In each of the questions below are given four statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

1. Statements:
a. All pencils are pens.
b. Some pens are syrups.
c. All syrups are needles.
d. Some needles are syringes.

I. Some needles are pens.
II. Some pens are pencils.
III. Some syringes are needles.
IV. Some needles are syrups.

(1) None follows
(2) Only I and II follow
(3) Only I, II and III follow
(4) Only II, III and IV follow
(5) All follow

2. Statements:
a. All dusters are bins.
b. All bins are sepals.
c. No sepal is a root.
d. All roots are flowers.

I. No flower is a bin.
II. No duster is a root.
III. All dusters are sepals.
IV. All flowers are roots.

(1) Only I and II follow
(2) Only III follow
(3) Only I, II and III follow
(4) All follow
(5) None of these

3. Statements:
a. All bulbs are lamps.
b. All lamps are stands.
c. Some stands are pens.
d. Some pens are benches.

I. Some benches are bulbs.
II. Some lamps are benches.
III. Some pens are bulbs.
IV. Some pens are lamps.

(1) None follows
(2) Only I and II follow
(3) Only II and IV follow
(4) Only III and IV follow
(5) Only I, II and IV follow

4. Statements:
a. Some rulers are erasers.
b. All erasers are metals.
c. Some metals are papers.
d. All papers are bands.

I. Some bands are rulers.
II. Some erasers are bands.
III. Some papers are rulers.
IV. Some metals are rulers.

(1) Only I and III follow
(2) Only I and II follow
(3) Only II and III follow
(4) Only II and IV follow
(5) None of these

5. Statements:
a. Some houses are beads.
b. Some beads are cycles.
c. Some cycles are tubes.
d. Some tubes are rains.

I. Some tubes are beads.
II. Some cycles are houses.
III. No bead is tube.
IV. Some rains are cycles.

(1) Only I follows
(2) Only either I or III follows
(3) Only I and II follow
(4) Only either I or III and IV follow
(5) None of these

Directions (6-10): Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity. Mark answer
(1) if the inference is “definitely true”, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
(2) if the inference is “probably true” though not “definitely true” in the light of the facts given.
(3) if the “data are inadequate”, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
(4) if the inference is “probably false” though not “definitely false” in the light of the facts given.
(5) if the inference is “definitely false”, ie it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given for it contradicts the given facts.

A study conducted by a committee, titled “World Class in India”, found the Indian bicycle industry to be globally competitive. It projected the demand to grow from 117.2 lakh units in 2009-10 to 129.5 lakh units in 2010-11. However, all this has changed drastically post-imposition of excise duty. According to All India Cycle Manufacturers’ Association (A1CMA). the production figure would be in the vicinity of 100 lakh units. It says that against the net gain of excise duty of Rs 50 crore. the Government has lost 29 lakh bicycles. Even if one assumes that the production is less by 29 lakh units, the Government will lose Rs 122 per bicycle, which is the excise duty paid actually on inputs by manufacturers. Thus the Government has lost Rs 35 crore. Not to forget the losses in terms of 2 per cent central sales tax (CST) and the state taxes which vary from 4-8 per cent. Assuming an average of 6 per cent states tax and 2 per cent CST, the Government has lost another Rs 25 crore.

6. In the total bargain it seems that there will be a net loss of Rs 10 crore to the government.

7. There will be no decline in domestic demand of bicycle in 2010-11.

8. AICMA acts as a liaisoning body with the government to highlight the industry’s problem.

9. The reason for India’s export success in the past is the large home base ofthe bicycle.

10. Imposition of excise duty has unnerved the Indian bicycle industry.

Solutions (1 - 5)
1. (5)

2. (5)

3. (1)

4. (5)

5. (2)

Solutions (6 - 10)

6. 2

7. 4

8. 4

9. 1

10. 3