Thursday, 8 January 2015

Reasoning Quiz

Directions (1-5): In each of the questions below is given a statement followed by two courses of action. Course of action is a step for administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and decide which of the given suggested courses of action is/are logically worth pursuing.

Give your answer as:
(1) if only I follows
(2) if only II follows
(3) if either I or II follows
(4) if neither I nor II follows
(5) if both I and II follow


1. Statement: There are more than 200 villages in the coastal area of Andhra Pradesh which were severely damaged due to cyclone and it caused an extra burden of Rs 200 crore on State Government for relief and rehabilitation work.

Courses of Action:
I. People of coastal area should be shifted to other safer places.
II. State Government should ask for more financial support from Central Government.

2. Statement: If the retired professors of the same institutes are also invited to deliberate on restructuring of the organisation, their contribution may be beneficial to the institute.

Courses of Action: 
I. Management may seek opinion of the employees before calling retired professors.
II. Management should involve experienced people for the systematic restructuring of the organisation.

3. Statement: Experts Committee on Industrial Relations has revealed in their recent reports that not only the internal problems of the organisations were successfully managed through quality circles but also employee's motivation level was increased significantly.

Courses of Action: 
I. Organisations should organise orientation programmes for their employees on quality circles.
II. Employees should be encouraged to join quality circle programmes.

4. Statement: The Minister said that the teachers are still not familiarised with the need, importance and meaning of population education in the higher education system. They are not even clearly aware -about their role and responsibilities in the population education programme.

Courses of Action:
I. Population education programme should be included in the college curriculum.
II. Orientation programme should be conducted for teachers on population education.

5. Statement: The Chairman stressed the need for making education system more flexible and regretted that the curriculum has not been revised in keeping with the pace of the changes taking place.
Courses of Action: 
I. Curriculum should be reviewed and revised periodically.
II. System of education should be made more flexible

Directions: In the following questions, the symbols @, ©, $, % and # are used with the following meaning as illustrated below:


  • ‘A $ B’ means ‘A is not smaller than B’
  • ‘A # B’ means ‘A is not greater than B’
  • ‘A @ B’ means ‘A is neither smaller than nor equal to B’
  • ‘A © B’ means ‘A is neither smaller than nor greater than B’
  • ‘A % B’ means ‘A is neither greater than nor equal to B’


6. Statements:
H % J
J © N
N @ R

Conclusions: 
I. R % J
II. H @ J
III. N @ H

(1) Only II is true
(2)Only I and III are true
(3) Only I is true
(4) Only III is true
(5) None is true

7. Statement: 
M @ J
J $ T
T © N

Conclusions: 
I. N # J
II. T % M
III. M @ N

(1) Only I and II are true
(2) Only II and III are true
(3) Only I and III are true
(4) None is true
(5) All are true

8. Statement: 
D © K
K # F
F @ P

Conclusions: 
I. P @ D
II. K # P
III. F $ D

(1) Only II is true
(2) Only I and II is true
(3) Only III is true
(4) Only II and III are true
(5) None of These

9. Statement: 
K # N
N $ T
T % J

Conclusions: 
I. J @ N
II. K @ T
III. T @ K

(1) None is true
(2) Only I and II is true
(3) Only II and III is true
(4) Only I and III are true
(5) None of These

10. Statement: 
M @ D
D © V
V $ W

Conclusions: 
I. W @ M
II. M % V
III. D $ W

(1) Only I and II are true
(2) Only II and III are true
(3) Only I and III are true
(4) Only III is true
(5) None of These

Directions (11-15): Read the following information carefully to answer the given questions.

Six lectures are scheduled in a week starting from Monday and ending on Sunday of the same week. Computer Science is not on Tuesday or Saturday. Psychology is immediately after Organisational Behaviour. Statistics is not on Friday and there is one day gap between Statistics and Research Methods. One day prior to the schedule of Economics there is no lecture (as that day is the off day and Monday is not the ’off’ day). 

11. Which of the following is the last lecture scheduled? 
(1) Economics
(2) Research Methods
(3) Psychology
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these

12. If Wednesday is the ‘off’ day, the code would be 2-4, if Thursday was the ‘off’ day, the code would be 3-3. Taking into account the ‘off’ day which of the following code is correct? 
(1) 2 - 4
(2) 3 - 3
(3) 5 - 1
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these

13. Which lecture is scheduled on Friday? 
(1) Economics
(2) Psychology
(3) Computer Science
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these

14. How many lectures were scheduled between Economics and Psychology? 
(1) One
(2) Two
(3) Three
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these

15. Which day is Computer Science scheduled?
(1) Monday
(2) Wednesday
(3) Thursday
(4) Cannot be determined
(5) None of these



Solutions (1-5):
1. (5): Victims should be shifted to the safer places. Secondly, affected State should ask for more financial help from Central Government to accelerate the relief operation.
2. (2): Valuable suggestions from the retired professors will be helpful for restructuring of an organisation. Hence, management should involve such experienced people. Seeking permission from the employees is not the right course of action.
3. (5): Statement emphasises the benefits and effectiveness of quality circles. Hence, it is advisable that quality circles should be encouraged in the organisation and at the same time employees should be persuaded to join them. Hence, both the actions are right courses of action.
4. (2): Statement points out the unacquaintance of the teachers with population education, hence orientation programme should be conducted for teachers. Hence, action II is the right course of action.
5. (5): Statement speaks of inadequacies of the education system and emphasises the need for flexibility and revision. Hence, both the actions are right courses of action to update the curriculum.

Solutions
$ - ≥
# - ≤
@ - >
© - =
% - <

6. (2):
Statement: H < J = N > R
Conclusions: R < J
H > J
N > H

7. (5):
Statement: M > J ≥ T = N
Conclusions: N ≤ J
T < M
M > N

8. (3):
Statement: D = K ≤ F > P
Conclusions: P > D
K ≤ P
F ≥ D

9. (1):
Statement: K ≤ N ≥ T < J
Conclusions: J > N
K > T
T > K

10. (4):
Statement: M > D = V ≥ W
Conclusions: W > M
M < V
D ≥ W

Solutions (11-15):
DAYS
LECTURES
Monday
Organisational Behaviour
Tuesday
Psychology
Wednesday
Statistics
Thursday
Computer Science
Friday
Research Methods
Saturday
OFF
Sunday
Economics

11. (1)

12. (3): Codes are defined on the basis of the days above and below the OFF day.
So according to the OFF day (Saturday), there are 5 days before it and 1 day after it.
So the required code is 5 – 1.

13. (5)

14. (3)

15. (3)







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