Reasoning Quiz

Directions: In each of the question given below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true. Then decide which of the three given course(s) of action logically follow(s) worth pursuing. Then decide which of the alternatives (1), (2), (3), (4) or (5) is correct.

1. Statement: The army has been alerted in the district following floods triggered by incessant rains.

Courses of Action: 
I. Relief to flood affected people should be arranged.
II. Supply of flood articles should be arranged.
III. Adequate medical facilities should be arranged.

(a) Only I follows             
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only I and III follow 
(d) None follows
(e) All follow

2. Statement: Faced with a serious resource crunch and a depressing overall economic scenario, the state 'X' is unlikely to achieve the targeted percent compound annual growth rate during the 10th plan.

Courses of Action: 
I. The target growth should be reduced for the next Plan.
II. The reasons for the failures should be studied.
III. The state X's performance should be compared with that of other States.
(a) Only I follows             
(b) Only I and III follow
(c) Only II and III follow
(d) None follows
(e) All follow

3. Statement: Over 27,000 bonded labourers identified and freed are still awaiting rehabilitation.

Courses of Action: 
I. More cases of bonded labourers should be identified.
II. Till the proper rehabilitation facilities are available, the bonded labourers should not be freed.
III. The impediments in the way of speedy and proper rehabilitation of bonded labourers should be removed.
(a) Only I follows             
(b) Only II follows
(c) Only III follows          
(d) Only II and III follow
(e) None follows

4. Statement: Higher disposal costs encourage those who produce waste to look for cheaper ways to get rid of it.

Courses of Action: 
I. The disposal costs should be made higher.
II. The disposal costs should be brought down.
III. A committee should be set up to study the details in this respect.
(a) Only I follows             
(b) Only II follows
(c) Either I or II follows
(d) Only II and III follow
(e) All follow

5. Statement: If the faculty members also join the strike, there is going to be a serious problem.

Courses of Action: 
I. The faculty members should be persuaded not to go on strike.
II. Those faculty members who join the strike should be suspended.
III. The management should not worry about such small things.
(1) Only I follows
(2) Only I and II follow
(3) Only II and III follow
(4) None follow
(5) All follow

6. Many sociologists have argued that there is a functional relationship between education and economic systems. They point to the fact that mass formal education began in industrial society and is an established part of all industrial societies.

Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statements?
(1) Formal education has suffered a setback due to industrial society
(2) Industrial society is responsible for expansion of education of the mass level
(3) Formal education can he traced to industrial society.
(4) Industrial society changed the pattern of education
(5) None of these

7. Statements: A country X has no national gun act. There is no firearm control and licensing mechanism in the country. The general public is free to acquire gun. The people require arms for their safety. This has ultimately increased the crime rate considerably in the country.

Should the gun or firearm not be licensed?
(1) It is not necessary to license the gun or fire arm
(2) The gun or fire arm act is opposed by the people of country
(3) The Government should make all necessary arrangement to enact fire arm act
(4) Many countries in the world have no fire arm act
(5) None of these

8. It has been reported in recent years that a very large number of seats in the engineering colleges in the country remain vacant at the end of the admission session.

Which of the following may be the probable cause of the above effect?
(1) There has been a considerable decrease in hiring of engineering graduates due to economic slowdown in the recent years.
(2) Students have always preferred to complete graduation in three years time instead of four years for engineering.
(3) The Government has recently decided to provide post qualification professional training to all engineering graduates at its own cost.
(4) There has always been a very poor success rate among the engineering students.
(5) None of these

9. The condition of the roads in the city has deteriorated considerably during the first two months of monsoon and most of the roads have developed big pot holes.

Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause?
(1) The municipal corporation had repaired all the roads in the city before onset of monsoon with good quality material.
(2) A large number of people have developed spine related injuries after regularly commuting long distances by road within the city.
(3) The municipal corporation has been careful in choosing the contractors for repairing roads in the past.
(4) People always complain about potholed roads during the monsoon months.
(5) None of these

10. Majority of the students who appeared in the final examination of post graduate course in management in the local college have secured first class which is comparatively higher than the performance of students of other management colleges in the state.

Which of the following may indicate that the results are not in line with the general trend?
(1) The students of the local college are qualitatively better than those of other colleges
(2) The authorities of the other management colleges in the state are stricter in their standard of evaluation for their students.
(3) The students of other management colleges in the state performed better than the students of the local college in all the previous examinations.
(4) The local management college recently retrenched many of its regular faculty members.
(5) None of these

11.   It has been reported in many leading newspapers that the current year's monsoon may be below the expected level as many parts of the country are still not getting adequate rainfall.

Which of the following can be a possible fallout of the above situation?
(1) People from those affected areas with less rainfall may migrate to urban areas.
(2)          Government may announce ex-gratia payment to all the farmers affected in these areas.
(3)          Government may declare these areas as drought affected areas.
(4)          People may blame the Government and agitate for not getting adequate water for cultivation
(5)          None of these

12.   There has been a spate of rail accidents in India in the recent months killing large numbers of passengers and injuring many more. This has raised serious doubts about the railway's capability of providing safety to travellers.
Which of the following statements substantiates the views expressed in the above statement?
(1)          Indian Railways has come to be known to provide best passenger comfort in the recent years
(2)          People have no option other than travelling by rail over long distances.
(3)          The railway tracks at many places have been found to be stressed due to wear and tear in the recent times.
(4)          Local residents are always the first to provide a helping hand to the passengers in the event of such disasters.
(5)          None of these

13.   A few travellers were severely beaten up by villagers recently in a remote rural part of the state as the villagers found the movement of the travellers suspicious. The district authority has sent a police team to nab the culprits.
Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statement?
(An inference is something which is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given facts)
(1)          The villagers dislike presence of strangers in their vicinity.
(2)          Villagers are generally suspicious in nature.
(3)          Travellers prefer to visit countryside.
(4)          The Government generally provides protection to travellers across the country.
(5)          None of these

14.   There has been a considerable drop in sales of four wheelers during the past six months when compared to the number of four wheelers sold during this period last year.
Which of the following can be the probable cause of the above phenomenon?
(A)          The Government has imposed higher excise duty on four wheelers at the beginning of this year.
(B)          The petrol prices have risen considerably during the past eight months.
(C)          The rate of interest on home and car loans has been rising for the past seven months.
(1)          All (A), (B) and (C)
(2)          (A) and (C) Only
(3)          (B) and (C) Only
(4)          (B) Only
(5)          (A) Only

15.   There is an alarming trend of skewed sex ratio against women in India during the past decade and situation may get out of hand if adequate steps are not taken to stop female foeticide.
Which of the following can be an effective step to reverse the trend?
(A)          The Government should immediately completely ban use of scanners/ sonography on expectant mothers at all health centres
(B)          The Government should announce a substantial incentive scheme for couples who have at least one girl child.
 (C)          The Government should launch a nationwide campaign to create awareness against female foeticide.
(1)          (A) only
(2)          (A) and (B) Only
(3)          (B) and (C) Only
(4)          All (A), (B) and (C)

(5)          None of these