Sunday, 8 March 2015

Reasoning Quiz

Directions : Study the following information to answer the giv­en questions:

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

(All the numbers are two digits numbers and are ar­ranged as per some logic based on the value of the number.)

Input: win 56 32 93 bat for 46 him 28 11 give chance
Step I: 93 56 32 bat for 46 him 28  11 give chance win
Step II: 11 93 56 32 bat for 46 28 give chance win him
Step III: 56 11 93 32 bat for 46 28 chance win him give
Step IV: 28 56 11 93 32 bat 46 chance win him give for
Step V: 46 28 56 11 93 32 bat win him give for chance
Step VI: 32 46 28 56 11 93 win him give for chance bat
Step VI is the last Step of the arrangement of the above input as the intended arrangement is obtained.

As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the ap­propriate steps for the given in­put,

Input for the questions:

Input: fun 89 at the 28 16 base camp 35 53 here 68
(All the numbers given in the arrangement are two digit num­bers.)

1. Which of the following would be the Step II?
(1) 89 fun at 28 16 base camp 35 53 here 68 the
(2) 35 53 28 68 16 89 the here fun camp base at
(3) 16 89 at fun 28 camp base 35 53 68 the here
(4) 53 28 68 16 89 35 the here fun camp base at
(5) None of these

2. Which word/number would be at 7th position from the left in Step IV?
(1) base                
(2) at
(3) 35    
(4) the
(5) 53

3. Which step number would be the following output?

53 28 68 16 89 at 35 the here fun camp base

(1) There will be no such step
(2) III   
(3) II
(4) V     
(5) IV

Direction: Each of the questions below consists of a question and three statements numbered I, II and III given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question:

4. Who is the daughter in law of B?
I. I is the brother of D. S is the wife of J's nephew.
II. R is the brother of N. T is the son of N. S is the mother of T.
III. B is the wife of D. D is the father of N. D has two children.
(1) Only I and III
(2) All I, II and III are required to answer the question
(3) Only II and III
(4) Questions cannot be answered even with all I, II and III
(5) Only I and II

5. How many students are there in the class?
I. There are more than 22 but less than 36 students in the class.
II. If students of the class are divided into groups each group has exactly 11 students.
III. There are more than 29 but less than 45 students in the class.
(1) Only I and II
(2) Only II and either I or III is required to answer the question
(3) Only II and III
(4) All I, II and III are required to answer the question
(5) All I, II and III are not sufficient to answer the question.

Direction: In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. These statements are followed by two conclusions. Mark answer
1) If only conclusion I follows.
2) If only conclusion II follows.
3) If either conclusion I or II follows.
4) If neither conclusion I nor II follows.
5) If both conclusions I and II follow.

6. Statements: 
X > P > Q > R
X = Y
X < Z

Conclusions: 
I. Y > R
II. R > Z

7. Statements: 
P > Q    
S < T
X = Y
X > Z

Conclusions: 
I. S = Q
II. X > Q

8. Statements: 
S < T
T > R
T = W

Conclusions: 
I. R < S
II. S < W

9. Statements: 
X = Y < Z > W

Conclusions: 
I. Z = X
II. Z > X

10.   Statements: 
S > R
Y = X < Z
S < Y

Conclusions: 
I. Y > R

II. R > Z



Solutions ---
It is evident that one word and one number are arranged in each step. The numbers are arranged from the left and the words are arranged from the right. In the first step the word which comes last in the dictionary is shifted to the extreme right, while the highest number is shifted to the extreme left. In the second step the word which appears at the second last position in dictionary order is moved to the extreme right while the lowest number is shifted to the extreme left position. The same procedure is followed to get the final output.
Input: fun 89 at the 28 16 base camp 35 53 here 68
Step I: 89 fun at 28 16 base camp35 53 here 68 the
Step II: 16 89 fun at 28 base camp 35 53 68 the here
Step III: 68 16 89 at 28 base camp 35 53 the here fun
Step IV: 28 68 16 89 at base 35 53 the here fun camp
Step V: 53 28 68 16 89 at 35 the here fun camp base
Step VI: 35 53 28 68 16 89 the here fun camp base at
1.         (5)
2.         (3)
3.         (4)

4.         (3): From statements II and III it is clear that S is the daughter-in-law of B.
B is the mother of N and R.
T is the son of N and S is the mother of T.
So, S is the wife of N.
5.         (1): From statement I and II, there are 33 students in the class.
From statement II and III there may be 33 or 44 students in the class.

6.         (1)
7.         (4)
8.         (4)
9.         (3)
10.     (1)


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