Saturday, 22 August 2015

Banking Pathway 2015 : English Quiz (Reading Comprehension)

Dear Readers,
                     Today we are rendering you quiz on Reading Comprehension which is one of the most crucial and tough portions of English section in banking exams. This RC is about the blast which took place at a Hindu temple, the Erawan shrine which is a popular tourist destination, especially among Buddhists from Thailand and other East Asian nations. A blast which added condition of more pandemonium in the country which is already grappling with various turbulences. This passage is not only pivotal for practising and ameliorating your RC skills but also it will accrete your GA ability as well.  for all the upcoming banking exams, IBPS/RRB etc.

Directions (Q.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.

Thailand is no stranger to political violence. The country, which has seen two military coups in less than 10 years, has been riven by street battles between protesters and security personnel in the past few years. Besides, in the so-called Deep South, the country is fighting armed Muslim separatists since 2004; this has claimed some 6,500 lives. Still, Monday’s blast outside a Hindu temple on a busy Bangkok street, which killed over 20 people, was unprecedented in terms of scale. This was the most devastating explosion ever in Bangkok. The location and the timing showed that the perpetrators wanted to wreak maximum damage. The Erawan shrine is a popular tourist destination, especially among Buddhists from Thailand and other East Asian nations, and the bomb went off during the evening rush hour. It is still not clear who did it. The investigators say a “network” is behind it, but stop short of pointing fingers at any particular group. Given Thailand’s recent turbulence, it could be anyone from the Muslim separatists to the political opponents of the military junta.

But whoever did it, the attack was aimed at weakening the country’s already fractured polity and stultified economy. Ever since the army took power in 2014 after toppling the civilian caretaker government, Thailand has suffered several violent incidents, including a grenade attack on a court house in Bangkok. The military’s claim that it captured power to bring stability to the country was far from the truth as the coup itself had sharpened the political divisions. The army is also accused of deliberately targeting supporters of the self-exiled former Prime Minister, Thaksin Shinawatra. The Thai army is notorious for its highhandedness. Five years ago, an army crackdown on a public protest in Bangkok, close to the same Erawan shrine, left at least 80 people dead. Such use of violence has triggered violent responses from factions opposed to the army, while repeated coups and coup attempts have weakened the country’s democracy and governance structures. The tourism-dependent economy has also suffered from the recent political instability and protests. The latest blast will weaken the tourism industry further. The Thai authorities should realise that the country will be able to address the multiple challenges it faces only by sorting out the internal fissures first. And the best way to do it is to return a legitimate government to power. The generals have pledged to bring back democracy, but no one knows when elections would be held and whether they would be free and fair. There are also worries that the blast would be used as an excuse by the military to extend its hold over power and continue suppressing democracy. Such a move would only accelerate Thailand’s downhill slide.

1. According to the passage, what would be the the title of it?
1) Thailand's Dilemma
2) Thailand's Turbulence
3) Thailand's Enigma
4) Thailand's Gravitas
5) None of these.

2. Which of the following statements is/ are correct according to the passage?
1) Thailand has suffered several violent incidents, including a grenade attack on a court house in Bangkok.
2) The tourism-dependent economy has also suffered from the recent political instability and protests.
3) While repeated coups and coup attempts have weakened the country’s democracy and governance structures.
4) All of these.
5) None of these.

3. Which of the following statements is/ are wrong according to the passage?
1) The Thai authorities should realise that the country will be able to address the multiple challenges it faces only by sorting out the internal fissures first.
2) The generals have pledged to bring back democracy, but no one knows when elections would be held
3) The bomb went off during the morning rush hour.
4) All of these
5) None of these.

4. According to the author what was the motive behind the blast which went off at the temple?
1) because the location and the timing showed that the perpetrators wanted to wreak maximum damage.
2) because they wanted to create strife between protesters and security personnel.
3) because perpetrators wanted to target supporters of the self-exiled former Prime Minister.
4) All of these
5) None of these.

5. As per the passage what is/are true about Thailand?
1) The economy of Thailand is dependent on its tourism.
2) The economy of Thailand which is already suffering loss, the blast which took place at the shrine would deteriorate its situation more.
3) The shrine is a popular tourist destination, especially among Buddhists from Thailand and other East Asian nations
4) All of these.
5) None of these.

Directions (Q.6-8): Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

6. Devastating
1) Desolated
2) Overpowered
3) Ravaging
4) Scourging
5) None of these.

7. Fissure  
1) Crevice
2) Cleft
3) Cranny
4) Rift
5) None of these.

Directions (Q.7- 8): Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

8. Faction
1) Tout
2) Concomitant
3) Bloc
4) Elusive
5) None of these.

9. Highhandedness
1) Haughtiness
2) Humility
3) Meekness
4) Modesty
5) None of these.

10. Stultified
1) Mitigated
2) Enfeeble
3) Robust
4) Crippled
5) None of these.

Answers..
1. 2
2. 4
3. 3
4. 1
5. 4
6. 5
7. 5
8. 3
9. 1
10. 4

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