Thursday, 20 August 2015

Night Class: English Quiz

Directions: Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/ phrases have been given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Since smoking is often underestimated for younger people, when smokers tend to hide their habits from the older family members, we focus on individuals who are 30 and above. In this age group, nearly 36 per cent men in the IHDS sample smoke; 29 per cent smoke daily. Among women, only 2.5 per cent smoke. Although men from all walks of life smoke, smoking is disproportionately concentrated among Dalit, Adivasi and Muslim men. Among this group, about 45 per cent men smoke; 37 per cent smoke daily. Lack of education also plays a role. About 46 per cent of illiterate men smoke, while only 16 per cent of the college graduates smoke. Moreover, smoking is concentrated among the lowest income group. Nearly 46 per cent of the men in bottom fifth smoke compared to only 20 per cent in the upper fifth.


Death rates are higher for daily smokers than for non-smokers or occasional smokers. About 11.3 per cent of men aged 30 and above and who smoke daily died in the seven years following our initial survey; only 10.2 per cent of the non-smokers and occasional smokers died. However, as we noted above, smokers come from lower socio-economic strata. Hence, it is difficult to know if these characteristics, rather than smoking, may be the cause of higher death rates among smokers. So we compare like with like and control for education, marital status, age, caste/religious background, urban/rural residence, state of residence and whether the individual was employed at the first interview. We also control for household wealth. This does not change the relationship observed above.

1. Which of the following is not true in the context of the passage?
1) Delaying anti–smoking campaigns will take a heavy toll on the Indian population.
2) Smoking is harmful only for women.
3) Smokers have higher health rate than non–smokers.
4) All of the above
5) None of these

2. Choose the word which is most similar in meaning of the word 'Employed' as used in the passage?
1) Engaged 
2) Unoccupied 
3) Slight 
4) Idle 
5) Reactive

3. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word 'Underestimated' as used in the passage?
1) Compress 
2) Deprecate 
3) Ignore 
4) Exaggerate 
5) Abridge

4. Which of the following is possibly the most appropriate title for the passage?
1) Smoking in our country 
2) Categorizing smokers 
3) Level of smoking
4) Consequences of smoking 
5) Major causes of smoking

5. What does the author mean by 'Although men from all walks of life smoke'?
1) Smoking kills all in every aspect of their life.
2) Smoking increases health risks in all stages.
3) Men are addicted to smoking
4) Both 2 and 3
5) None of these

Direction: Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.

(A) However, many of these organisations may be oblivious to the absence of attitudinal change.
(B) Teams may be unwilling to unlearn old attitudes, which can make them unequal to the new challenge.
(C) In terms of technology and strategy, most organisations rise to this challenging situation and adapt to it.
(D) In the life of an organisation, an inflexion point arrives from time to time.
(E) They may be carrying over the same attitude to the new situation to the detriment of the organisation and their personal growth.
(F) Hardly pushed before, the employees may be in denial.

6. Which of the following would be the 'Fourth' sentence after rearrangement?
1) B 
2) A 
3) C 
4) E 
5) D

7. Which of the following would be the 'Second' sentence after rearrangement?
1) E 
2) B 
3) C 
4) A 
5) D

8. Which of the following would be the 'Last' sentence after rearrangement?
1) C 
2) E 
3) D 
4) B 
5) A

9. Which of the following would be the 'First' sentence after rearrangement?
1) A 
2) C 
3) B 
4) E 
5) D

10. Which of the following would be the 'Third' sentence after rearrangement?
1) D 
2) B 
3) E
4) A
5) C


Answers:
1. 4
2. 1
3. 4
4. 2
5. 5

(6–10): D C A B F E

6. 1 
7. 3 
8. 2 
9. 5 
10. 4


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