Sustainable Development Goals

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The United Nations officially adopted a new set of global goals on Friday to combat poverty, inequality and climate change over the next 15 years in the most comprehensive international effort ever to tackle the world's ills. Pope Francis and leaders from more than 150 nations gathered at the United Nations to approve the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that resulted from three years of brainstorming and negotiations in nearly every corner of the world. The global goals are designed to provide a roadmap for countries to finance and shape government policies over the next 15 years with targets to be monitored and reviewed using a set of global indicators to be agreed by March 2016.

The SDGs are a set of 17 goals and 169 targets aimed at resolving global social, economic and environmental problems. To be met over the next 15 years, beginning on Jan. 1, 2016, the SDGs replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which were adopted in 2000 and expire this year. Implementation of the new goals, requiring trillions of dollars in investment, will be monitored and reviewed using a set of global indicators to be agreed by March 2016.

Governments came up with the idea at the Rio+20 conference on sustainable development in Brazil 2012. A working group with representatives of 70 nations drafted a proposed set of goals. At the same time, the United Nations ran public consultations around the world and an online survey asking people about their priorities for the goals. This summer governments negotiated a final version of the SDGs that are due to be adopted by 193 countries at a Sept. 25-27 summit at the United Nations in New York.

If we meet the SDGs, how will the world improve?

The 17 goals aim to achieve these wider aims by 2030: - end poverty and hunger everywhere - combat inequalities within and between countries - build peaceful, just and inclusive societies - protect human rights, and promote gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls - ensure lasting protection of the planet and its natural resources - create conditions for sustainable, inclusive and sustained economic growth, shared prosperity and decent work for all.

The United Nations says the SDGs go much further than the previous goals, because they address the root causes of poverty and pledge to leave no one behind, including vulnerable groups. They also emphasise the need to tackle climate change urgently and protect the environment through a shift to sustainable consumption and production, and wiser management of natural resources. The SDGs are intended to be universal, applying to all countries rather than just the developing world. They recognise the key role of the private sector in pursuing and financing sustainable development, in partnership with governments and civil society.
-Source, The Hindu