Directions (Q.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
India claims to be a secular country. This declaration of the Preamble to the Constitution of India has legally made India secular. The Indian Constitution shows favouritism in regards to a sort of secular humanism. The historical development of this train of thought makes it current in today’s time in the sense of India’s religious pluralism. India is a secular state as stated by written Constitution of India and it is everyone’s duty to abide and believe in it. Secularism was the most dominant principle during the freedom struggle and many great leaders from Mahatma Gandhi to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to Nehru were committed for the same. Secularism was the mantra followed by the Indian nation, which was exhausted by partition and sectarian riots. The roots point to secularism which doesn’t allow any injustice to be done with any religion and any person; it was famous during independence and became a notion even after post independence. Focus of secularism is to provide priority to equity and redistribution of growth in the form of jobs, education. Secularism will allow the people of India to have more productive approach towards a particular problem and issue. This will help in resolving lots of issues related to social welfare and help poor people to grow as well in terms of money. This overall process will lead to more inclusive growth.
Secularism maintains overall peace in the society which further paves the way to development. In lack of it, different communities would keep clashing and the government won’t be able to devote any time to chalk out the development plans. Secularism offers equal opportunities to all the communities of the society which ensures overall development. Lack of secularism would mean that the upper class communities would keep taking advantage of lower classes, never giving them a chance to grow and lead a respectful life. India has seen a lot of technological, infrastructural and economic development in last 6-7 decades while secularism being its main policy. But Secularism takes time and it is a very slow process which has been felt post independence where the social dynamics were very complex. Lots of challenges has occurred which didn’t allow India to become secular and brought development in the picture. Direct approach to the growth needs to be implemented to increase the pace. Fast paced development will bring power, roads and ports, more investment and opportunities to many people. Secularism is now getting no more public attention and people wants the overall system to speed up and have a boost so that the country can have exponential growth. Development is very necessary then secularism due to the lack of resources to run the political system, responsible staff of people who can train and guide the young generation to follow up their values.
Development will help to increase the revenue as well as the overall growth of the system that has been running on secularism under the rules of congress. Therefore Secularism and development both are equally important for a well balanced society. It would make sense for secular parties to become a bit growth oriented and development focused parties to become a bit secular for the overall development. It is not really wise to chose one over the other.
1. What can be a suitable title for the given passage ?
1) United We stand, Divided We fall
2) India - a Secular State
3) Secularism vs Development
4) The Principle of Secularism
5) Importance of Development
2. Which is more important 'Secularism' or 'Development' in the context of the passage ?
1) Only Secularism is important.
2) Only development is important.
3) Both are equally important.
4) There is need of different approach
5) None of these
3. Which of the following is true in the context of the passage ?
1) India is a secular country.
2) Main objective of secularism is to provide priority to nepotism.
3) Secularism makes a country active.
4) Development does not increase revenue.
5) Communalism is a slow process.
4. What do you mean by 'Secular State' as stated by written Constitution of India ?
1) A developed state.
2) A true secular state should steadfastly maintain national governance without influence from religious factions
3) A developing state
4) It does not favour any religion
5) None of these
5. 'Which of the following is concerned mainly with 'Priority to equity' ?
1) Exponential growth
5) None of these
Direction (Q. 6 - 8) :- Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
Direction (Q. 9 - 10) :- Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.