Dear Students, We are providing you English Quizzes based on today's THE HINDU Newspaper. The content and Language of this article will help you in your overall understanding of English language.
Directions (Q.1-10): In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words/phrases are suggested one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word/phrase in each case:
The NSG has already made ---1--- rules, covering every aspect of nuclear trade, spelt out in its guidelines and trigger-lists. Complying --2--- the fiat from the U.S. Congress in 2006, which demanded that India harmonise its export control legislation and regulations with those of the NSG, Missile Technology Control Regime, Wassenaar Arrangement and Australia Group and adhere to their guidelines if it wanted the nuclear deal, we have done so. The NSG’s original ---3--- were issued in 1978 and revised in 1992. In 2010, two years after it granted us the ---4---- that freed us from its clutches, it decided that its rules should be updated; the revised guidelines, incorporating 54 amendments, were issued in June 2013. There is no record of our having conveyed any reservations to the NSG, either over the three years it took to negotiate the changes or after it adopted them, though there are rumours that we did. Under our agreement with the U.S., our export laws and regulations either have been, or will have to be, amended to ---5--- these changes. One of these changes, though, made a crucial difference to our waiver, which “provided that transfers of sensitive exports remain subject to paragraphs 6 and 7 of Guidelines”. In 2011, before the other amendments were ---6---, Paragraph 6 was revised to prohibit trade in enrichment and reprocessing with any country that has not signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which means that no NSG member can cooperate in these areas with India. Exactly as the NSG was set up to target India after its 1974 test, this amendment was introduced by NPT evangelists to target India after the 2008 waiver, which they could not thwart. We seem to have accepted this as a fait accompli. As the record shows, once the NSG adopts changes, it retains them for over a decade, because its amendments are comprehensive and reaching agreement on alterations is hard. The last changes came after almost 20 years. Therefore, even if India does become a member now, it cannot beaver away at new rules. We might well want to revise paragraphs 6 and 7 again to suit our needs, but the rule of consensus, on which the NSG works, means anything we propose must be accepted by every other member. To expect those who revised Paragraph 6 of the guidelines with India in mind to accept a ---7--- to change or dilute its provisions is a pipedream. So if the government says it must get into the NSG because it wants to make or change the rules, it is ---8---- disingenuous. What the government is pursuing so avidly now is a second-class membership. All other members of the NSG would trade in all phases of the nuclear cycle, except for India, where there would be a presumption of denial on enrichment and reprocessing. India would be the sole ---9--- in the club, denied a privilege to which all the others are entitled. Why would any self-respecting government yearn for something so demeaning? It is far better to stay out of it, with the ambiguity of the unique status that the waiver granted ---10--- India.
(use 'singular pronoun' "its" for NSG)
( we use preposition 'with' after 'comply')
(guidelines is apt word here in this context)
(waiver- an act or instance of waiving a right or claim.)
(incorporate-take in or contain (something) as part of a whole; include.)
(adopted-choose to take up or follow (an idea, method, or course of action)
(consensus-a general agreement.)
(being is correct form of the verb here
(exception-a person or thing that is excluded from a general statement or does not follow a rule.)
('to' is correct preposition in this context )