Saturday, 18 June 2016

Reasoning For SBI and IBPS Exams




Directions (Q. 1-5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true and then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing: 
Give answer 
(a) If only Course of action I follows Give answer 
(b) If only Course of action II follows Give answer
(c) If either Course of action I or Course of action II follows Give answer 
(d) If neither Course of action I nor Course of action II follows Give answer
(e) If both courses of action I and II follow 

1. Statement : 
The dolphin population in India has been decreasing sharply over the past few years. 
Course of Action : 
I. Dolphins should be declared an endangered species and bred in aquariums or protected   areas. 
II. Locals should be enlisted to protect dolphins.
a
b
c
d
e
Solution:
(e) Both the courses of action will help increase the population of dolphins.

2. Statement : 
Cell phone users have found that tariff plans are not as attractive as promoted by telecom companies and complained to regulatory authority about the same. 
Course of Action : 
I.The regulatory authority should direct telecom companies to be transparent on the tariff structure of all plans. 
II.The government should restrict the number of telecom companies operating in the country.
a
b
c
d
e
Solution:
(a) Being “not as attractive as promoted” is the answer to the problem and I follows. II goes against the spirit of free market and is not relevant to the problem either.

3. Statement : 
A number of school children in the local schools have fallen ill after the consumption of their subsidized tiffin provided by the school authority. 
Course of Action : 
I.The tiffin facility of all schools should be discontinued with immediate effect. 
II.The government should implement a system to certify the quality of tiffin provided by the school.
a
b
c
d
e
Solution:
(b) I would be an extreme action. II is a proper corrective measure.

4. Statement : 
Heavy rains hit the state during October, just before the State Assembly elections, and caused heavy damage to standing crops in most parts of the state. 
Course of Action : 
I.Elections should be postponed to give candidates the opportunity to campaign. 
II.The Government should announce a relief package for those who are affected.
a
b
c
d
e
Solution:
(b) I do not follow because elections are not conducted only in favourable conditions. II follows as it is the genuine course of action to provide relief to the people I case of adversity.

5. Statement : 
An increasing number of graduates produced by Indian universities are unemployable. 
Course of Action :
I.Colleges and Institutes of higher learning should be given greater autonomy to decide the course content. 
II.World-class foreign universities should be encouraged to set up campuses in India.
a
b
c
d
e
Solution:
(e) Both follow as both provide the technique to improve the level of graduates.

Directions (6-10): Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and then decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements: 
Mark answer 
(a) If statement A is the cause and statement B is its effect 
(b) If statement B is the cause and statement A is its effect
(c) If both statements A & B are independent causes 
(d) If both statements A & B are effects of independent causes  
(e) If both statements A & B are effects of some common cause 

 6. 
A. There has been mass recruitment of IT professionals by Indian IT companies. 
B. Many developed countries are increasingly outsourcing IT-related functions to Indian and China.
a
b
c
d
e
Solution:
(b)The outsourcing has led to creation of jobs in IT in India.

7. 
A. Many farmers have given up jute cultivation as it is no longer economically viable. 
B. The textile ministry has proposed a hike in the Minimum Support Price of jute.
a
b
c
d
e
Solution:
(a) Seeing the farmers getting discouraged, the government has taken this step.

8. 
A. The government is considering changes in the Land Acquisition Act. 
B. Several large infrastructure development project have been stalled due to unavailability of land.
a
b
c
d
e
Solution:
(b) Since the projects have been stalled, the govt is considering an amendment.

9. 
A. The Government is considering the possibility of involving private sector companies in     highway construction projects. 
B. The implementation of many highway projects undertaken by government agencies is behind schedule in various states.
a
b
c
d
e
Solution:
(b) The inability of the govt has led it to explore the private sector.

10.
A. The price of aircraft fuel has risen during the past few months. 
B. Many passenger airlines in India have been forced to cut their air fares by about 10 per cent.
a
b
c
d
e
Solution:
(d) (A) is usually the effect of hike in global petroleum prices. (B) is usually the effect of competition in aviation.

               






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