Wednesday, 20 July 2016

ENglish - VinglisH!

Dear Students,
English Section in the exam is a section where some students score very well but others even fail to clear cut-off. Learning Grammar is really essential to score good marks. But, what happens is that students from various boards where lesser attention is paid on English language fail to apply grammar during the examination even if they know the rules. 

So, conclusion is that practicing in some interesting way so that the things remain intact in your mind is important. Keeping this in mind, we have launched this series of "ENglish - VinglisH". We have discussed some basic sentence errors and use of some basic words in English. Also, we learnt about the basic categorization of Tenses. Now, we will proceed with detailed explanation of every type of tense - one in a day.

This is the Fifteenth post of ENglish - VinglisH. Hope you people like it.

So, lets start now!!

TENSES are that part of grammar which drastically changes the meaning of a sentences. Tenses play a vital role in Communication otherwise you can do blunders like describing an event which happened in past as an event of future.

Today we will discuss about Simple Present Tense.

Simple Present Tense

The simple present tense is the one which we use when an action is happening right now, or when it happens regularly.

  • When some habit, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes are expressed.
Ex - 
He never forgets to do his homework.
Do you ever eat in the cafeteria?
  • When some  instructions or direction is given.
Ex - 
You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left.
  • When fixed arrangements, present or future, or universal truth is expressed.
Ex - 
The sun sets in the West.
Delhi is in India
The adult human body contains 206 bones..
  • When future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until is expressed.
Ex - 
He'll give it to you when you come next Monday.

Identification from Hindi Sentences:

Simple Present Tense के वाक्यों मे काम का होना या करना पाया जाता है । इन वाक्यों के अन्त में 'ता है ','ता हूँ ','ती है ','ते हैं ' आदि शब्द पाये जाते हैं ।

1. मैं बोलता हूँ/ मैं बोलती हूँ - I speak.
2. आप बोलते हैं/ आप बोलती हैं/ तुम बोलते हो/ तुम बोलती हो - you speak.
3. मैं अपना पाठ याद करता हूँ । - I learn my lesson.
4. वह स्कूल जाता है ।  - He goes to school.
5. क्या तुम चेन्नई में रहते हो ? - Do you stay in Chennai?

Verb की Main Form या Base Form या 1st Form सदैव Plural होती है । उसे singular बनाने के लिए 's' या 'es' जोड़ना पड़ता है ।

Note: अगर वाक्य मे 'कभी नहीं ' हो तो verb से पहले never लाते हैं और do या does नहीं लगाते हैं.

Use of Verb

We form the simple present tense using the base form of the infinitive.

In general, in the third person we add 's' or 'es' in the third person. Auxiliary verb 'do' and 'does' is used.

I / you / we / they 
speak, learn, do
he / she / it
speaks, learns, does

In every form of Tense, there are four types of sentences:

1. Positive/ Affirmative Sentence (simple statement is used)
2. Negative Sentence (no, not is used)
3. Interrogative Sentence (Question is asked)
4. Interrogative - Negative Sentence (Question is asked with no, or not)

Tomorrow we will discuss "Present Continuous Tense" in Detail.

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