Thursday, 21 July 2016

ENglish - VinglisH!

Dear Students,
English Section in the exam is a section where some students score very well but others even fail to clear cut-off. Learning Grammar is really essential to score good marks. But, what happens is that students from various boards where lesser attention is paid on English language fail to apply grammar during the examination even if they know the rules. 

So, conclusion is that practicing in some interesting way so that the things remain intact in your mind is important. Keeping this in mind, we have launched this series of "ENglish - VinglisH". We have discussed some basic sentence errors and use of some basic words in English. Also, we learnt about the basic categorization of Tenses. Now, we will proceed with detailed explanation of every type of tense - one in a day.

This is the Sixteenth post of ENglish - VinglisH. Hope you people like it.

So, lets start now!!

TENSES are that part of grammar which drastically changes the meaning of a sentences. Tenses play a vital role in Communication otherwise you can do blunders like describing an event which happened in past as an event of future.

Today we will discuss about Present Continuous Tense.

Present Continuous Tense

Use the Present Continuous with first form of Verb to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now. It is also used to denote something which is happening before and after a given time.


Such actions which are happening at time of speaking are expressed by present continuous tense. 

Identification from Hindi Sentences:

इन वाक्यो में किसी कार्य का present में जारी रहना पाया जाता है वाक्य के अंत में रहा हे, रही हे, रहे है, रहा हु , हुएं है, हुई है etc.

वे हमे किताब पढ़ा रहे है - He is teachingg us the book.
तुम हिन्दी नहीं बोल रही हो - You are not speaking Hindi
मैं जा रहा हूँ/ मैं जा रही हूँ - I am going
हम जा रहे हैं/ हम जा रही हैं - we are going

Use of Verb

Auxiliary verb “am or is or are” is used in sentence. 1st form of verb or base verb+ ing (present participle) is used as main verb in sentence.

Note that we use
  • ‘am’ with ‘I’
  • ‘is’ with ‘He’ and ‘She’
  • ‘are’ with ‘You’, ‘We’ and ‘They’
The verb form remains the same for all subjects.

For making interrogative sentences, the sentence is started with auxiliary verb rather than putting auxiliary verb inside the sentence. If the subject is “I” the sentence starts with auxiliary verb “am”. If the subject is “He, She, It, singular or proper name” the sentence starts with auxiliary verb “is”. If subject is “You, They or plural” the sentence starts with auxiliary verb “are”.

In every form of Tense, there are four types of sentences:

1. Positive/ Affirmative Sentence  (simple statement is used)
2. Negative Sentence (no, not is used)
3. Interrogative Sentence (Question is asked)
4. Interrogative - Negative Sentence (Question is asked with no, or not)

Positive/ Affirmative Sentences
{Sub+am/is/are + Verb(1st form + ing) + Object}

Negative Sentences

{Sub+am/is/are+not+Verb(1st form+ing) + Object}
I am studying.
I am not studying.
We are studying.
We are not studying.
You are studying.
You are not studying.
He is studying.
He is not studying.
They are studying.
They are not studying.
Raman is studying.
Raman is not studying.
Boys are studying.
Boys are not studying.

Interrogative Sentences

{Am/is/are+Sub+Verb(1st form+ing) + Object
Negative Interrogative Sentences

{Am/is/are+Sub+not+Verb(1st form+ing) + Object}
Am I studying?
Am I not studying?
Are we studying?
Are we not studying?
Are you studying?
Are you not studying?
Is he studying?
Is he not studying?
Are they studying?
Are they not studying?
Is Raman studying?
Is Raman not studying?
Are the boys studying?
Are the boys not studying?

The Present Continuous with words such as "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. Notice that the meaning is like Simple Present, but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing."

Tomorrow we will discuss "Present Perfect Tense" in Detail.

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