Today, we are discussing the state WEST BENGAL.
(Sweetest Part of India)
In SBI Clerk Mains, everyone got shocked seeing a good number of static questions other than Current Affairs and Banking Awareness. Well, this simply means what SBI is expecting and keeping up to the expectation, you will have to be ready for any kind of challenge. It is quite tough to chose what to study and what not to. Friends, its not easy to prepare current affairs, banking awareness and static awareness all at once and that too a week or two before exam. So friends, we are starting a series that will help you learn static general awareness in a state wise manner. Its classified in this way so that you can remember all the important things about that state. Today, we are discussing the stateWest Bengal.
New horizon, vibrant state, colourful people with their rapidly changing lifestyle, modernisation in one word metamorphosis – this is our new West Bengal. On one hand it has fascinating culture, rich history and heritage and on the other hand it has modern, techno-savvy, upwardly mobile people. The land of West Bengal has in it intricately woven stories of many civilisations and settlements which left their footprint here. With the memory of that rich history West Bengal boasts of different ethnicity, culture, religion and languages and most importantly the diverse landscape -flanked by the Himalayas as the top and decorated by the natural beaches and a unique biosphere, the Sunderbans in the south. Let us unfold the true Bengal – its history, its real nature, its culture - the canvas with all colours.
Chief Minister: Mamta Banerjee
Governor: Keshari Nath Tripathi
High Court : Kolkata High Court
The Acting Chief Justice: Dr. Manjula Chellur
Number of Districts: 20
Specialty of State: Agricultural Produce
Rank in India
Name of National Park
Special Species (if any important)
Sunderban Tiger Reserve
Sunderban Tiger Reserve is one amongst the initial nine Tiger Reserves constituted at the time of inception of the Project Tiger scheme in the year 1973.
considering the ecological importance of this area it has been designated by the UNESCO as a natural World Heritage Site in 1987.
Buxa Tiger Reserve
Buxa Tiger Reserve (BTR) lies in Alipurduar sub-division of Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal. Its northern boundary runs along the international border with Bhutan.
Buxa Tiger Reserve created in 1983 comprises entire forest area of erstwhile Buxa Tiger Division and some territory of neighboring Cooch Behar Forest Division.
Gorumara National Park
Gorumara National Park is a National Park in northern West Bengal , India . Located in the Terai region of the Himalayan foothills, it is a medium-sized park with grasslands and forests.It is primarily known for its population of Indian Rhinoceros.
Gorumara was a reserve forest since 1895 . The park was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1949 , on account of its breeding population of Indian Rhinoceros . It was declared an Indian National Park on January 31 , 1994.
Neora Valley National
Neora Valley National is situated in the Kalimpong subdivision under Darjeeling District , West Bengal spread over an area of 88 km² established in 1986 is one of the richest biological zones in the entire Northeast.
The land of elegant Red Panda in the pristine undisturbed natural habitat with rugged inaccessible hilly terrain and rich diverse flora and fauna together make the park an important wilderness zone.
Singalila National Park
Singalila National Park is a national park of India located on the Singalila Ridge at an altitude of more than 7000 feet above mean sea level, in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal . It is well known for the trekking route to Sandakphu that runs through it.
The park was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1986, and was made an Indian National Park in 1992. The region had long been used as the trekking route from Manebhanjhyang to Sandakphu (the highest peak of West Bengal ), and Phalut
Important Dams, Rivers and Lakes:
Type of dam
Kangsabati Kumari Dam
Important Power generation plants:
Remarks (if any)
Sagardighi Thermal Power Project
In the first phase, two units of 300 MW each were synchronized on 21.12.2007 and 13.08.2008 respectively. The Main Plant Package was awarded to DEC, China.
Santaldih Thermal Power Station
Santaldih Thermal Power Station is located in the district of Purulia, West Bengal.
Bakreswar Thermal Power Project
Bakreswar Thermal Power Project, under The West Bengal Power Development Corporation Limited, is one of the most reliable and prestigious coal-fired power plants in West Bengal and in India as well
Bandel Thermal Power Station
Situated on the western bank of Bhagirathi River, Bandel Thermal Power Station
Kolaghat Thermal Power Station
Situtated at Mecheda 55 Km.(Approx.) from Kolkata by South Eastern Rail or By NH-6.
1. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport- Kolkata
2. Bagdogra Airport — Siliguri
3. Nazrul Islam Airport — Durgapur
4. Malda Airport —Malda
Remarks (if any)
Brita Dance is actually a traditional folk dance of West Bengal. It is generally performed by the barren women of the state, in order to invoke the blessings of the Gods, so that their wishes for a child are fulfilled.
Gambhira dance is performed on the song of the same name. In this dance, there are two main dancers, who are accompanied by a chorus
Chhau Dance is one of the most renowned tribal martial dances of India. The dance is known as Seraikella Chau in Jharkhand, Mayurbhanj Chau in Orissa and Purulia Chhau in West Bengal.
Santhal is one of the most abundantly found tribes in India. A major chunk of this tribe can be found in West Bengal and Jharkhand
Tusu dance is basically the celebration of the arrival of an auspicious and pleasant season. Groups of girls from the district go to the riverside every evening, in the Pausa month, to sing and perform.
Dance is a unique art of expression. Be it celebration, remorse, anger, love or pain, dance moves can clearly define every expression.
Mal Pahariya Tribe
Durga Pooja is the most important festival in West Bengal, celebrated with immense devotion and great pomp and show. This festival is also known by various names here, some call it 'Akalbodhan' - the untimely awakening of Durga, while others refer to it as 'Durgotsab' - the festival of Goddess Durga and even 'Maayer Pujo' - the worship of the Mother Durga.
Ganga Sagar Mela
West Bengal is the state of fairs and festivals. A large number of festivities take place in this state throughout the year. Amongst them, one of the most famous fests is the Gangasagar Mela. It is held in the month of January-February, on the Ganga Sagar Island, at the mouth of the river Hooghly in Bengal
The culture of West Bengal is adorned by numerous fairs and festivals. Goddess Durga is one of the most religiously worshipped deities here and many of the festivals celebrated in the state are meant to pay regards to Her only. Jagaddhatri or Jagadhatri puja is one of the festivals observed by the devotees of 'Durga' - the Goddess of Power, who is also called Jagaddhatri i.e. 'the Protector of the World'.
West Bengal is the land of fairs and festivals. Innumerable festivals are celebrated throughout the year in the state. Apart from traditional festivals, like Durga Pooja and Diwali, harvest festivals like Jhapan and tourism festival like Teesta Tea and Tourism Festival are observed here. Another festival that Bengali people relish is the 'Cultural Festival of Poush'
Maa Saraswati is the Hindu Goddess of Learning. She is worshipped in almost all the parts of the country with equal devotion. Saraswati Pooja is observed on 'Vasant Panchmi', which falls in the Phalgun month (January-February as per the Gregorian calendar).
Teesta Tea & Tourism Festival
Teesta Tea & Tourism Festival, as the very name suggests, aims at promoting the prospects of tourism in the state. The festival is extremely entertaining and sees the organization of many cultural activities, water sports, food fête, toy train ride, and film festivals.
Vishnupur, situated in the Bankura district of West Bengal, is the seat of ancient culture of Bengal. Adorned by magnificent art and architecture, this city tells the tale of the golden era of the state.
Naba Barsho, also known as Poila Baishakh, marks the beginning of New Year in Bengal. It is celebrated on the first day of Baishakh, as per the Hindu calendar. According to the Gregorian calendar, it falls either on April 14 or 15.
Temple/ Archeological Monument/ Site
Kalighat Kali Temple
24 Parganas (North)
Nil Kuthi Mound
Qutub Shahi Masjid
Dakshineswar Kali Temple
Gate of Old Fort
Nil Kuthi Mound
John Pierce Tomb
Two stone pillars
Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities:
Land of Black Diamond
The Queen of the Hills
Ruhr of India
City of Joy
City of Palaces
Cultural Capital of India
Gateway of Eastern India
Heaven of the Aged
Gateway to the Dooars
City of Hospitality
Salt Lake Stadium
Rabindra Sarobar Stadium
Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:
Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
Parliamentary Affairs (MoS)
Public Enterprises (MoS)
Sea Ports in West Bengal
Port Name Haldia Port Also Known As Port of Kolkata
Opened In- 1870
Constructed by- The British East India Company
Operated by- Kolkata Port Trust
Owned by- Kolkata Port Trust, Ministry of Shipping, Government of IndiaLocation- Kolkata (West Bengal)
Interesting, Famous and Amazing Facts About West Bengal
1. West Bengal is surrounded by a few countries, including the Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan.
2. West Bengal is the fourth largest state in India by population
3. West Bengal literacy rate is 77.08%, which is one of the highest literacy rates in India
4. The population density of the state of West Bengal is 1000 per sq. km.
5. During the British Era, Kolkata was the capital of India before the construction of Delhi capital.
6. West Bengal state is the sixth-largest contributor to India’s net domestic product
7. Ram Mohan Roy is considered and regarded as the “Father of the Bengali renaissance”.
8. West Bengal has given many great leaders and great persons, includes Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Rabindranath Tagore, Khudiram Bose, Matangini Hazra, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, and many more.
9. Kolkata Metro is the oldest metro in India, which was started on October 24, 1984
10. West Bengal has a good number of popular tourist attractions, some of them are, Victoria Memorial, Eden Gardens, Indian Museum, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Tiger Hill, Howrah Bridge, Peace Pagoda (Darjeeling), Kalighat Kali Temple, and many more.