Saturday, 16 July 2016

Static Awareness: An Insight Into The Indian States (WEST BENGAL)

Dear Readers,
                        Today, we are discussing the state   WEST BENGAL.
                                                (Sweetest Part of India)

In SBI Clerk Mains, everyone got shocked seeing a good number of static questions other than Current Affairs and Banking Awareness. Well, this simply means what SBI is expecting and keeping up to the expectation, you will have to be ready for any kind of challenge. It is quite tough to chose what to study and what not to. Friends, its not easy to prepare current affairs, banking awareness and static awareness all at once and that too a week or two before exam. So friends, we are starting a series that will help you learn static general awareness in a state wise manner. Its classified in this way so that you can remember all the important things about that state. Today, we are discussing the state 
West Bengal.

New horizon, vibrant state, colourful people with their rapidly changing lifestyle, modernisation in one word metamorphosis – this is our new West Bengal. On one hand it has fascinating culture, rich history and heritage and on the other hand it has modern, techno-savvy, upwardly mobile people. The land of West Bengal has in it intricately woven stories of many civilisations and settlements which left their footprint here. With the memory of that rich history West Bengal boasts of different ethnicity, culture, religion and languages and most importantly the diverse landscape -flanked by the Himalayas as the top and decorated by the natural beaches and a unique biosphere, the Sunderbans in the south. Let us unfold the true Bengal – its history, its real nature, its culture - the canvas with all colours.




Capital city: Kolkata


Chief Minister: Mamta Banerjee

Governor: Keshari Nath Tripathi

High Court : Kolkata  High Court

The Acting Chief Justice: Dr. Manjula Chellur

Number of Districts: 20

Specialty of State: Agricultural Produce

Produce/ Speciality
Rank in India
Rice
1
Jute
1
State Population
4
Wheat
9

National Parks:



Sl.No.
Name of National Park
Special Species (if any important)
Important Remarks
1
Sunderban Tiger Reserve
Sunderban Tiger Reserve   is one amongst the initial nine Tiger Reserves constituted at the time of   inception of the Project Tiger scheme in the year 1973.
considering the ecological importance of this area it has been designated by the UNESCO as a natural World Heritage Site in 1987.
2
Buxa Tiger Reserve
Buxa Tiger Reserve (BTR) lies in Alipurduar sub-division of Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal. Its northern boundary runs along the international border with Bhutan.
Buxa Tiger Reserve created in 1983 comprises entire forest area of erstwhile Buxa Tiger Division and some territory of neighboring Cooch Behar Forest Division.
3
Gorumara National Park
Gorumara National Park is a National Park in northern West Bengal , India . Located in the Terai region of the Himalayan foothills, it is a medium-sized park with grasslands and forests.It is primarily known for its population of Indian Rhinoceros.
Gorumara was a reserve forest since 1895 . The park was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1949 , on account of its breeding population of Indian Rhinoceros . It was declared an Indian National Park on January 31 , 1994.
4
Neora Valley National
Neora Valley National is situated in the Kalimpong subdivision under Darjeeling District , West Bengal spread over an area of 88 km² established in 1986 is one of the richest biological zones in the entire Northeast.
The land of elegant Red Panda in the pristine undisturbed natural habitat with rugged inaccessible hilly terrain and rich diverse flora and fauna together make the park an important wilderness zone.
5
Singalila National Park
Singalila National Park is a national park of India located on the Singalila Ridge at an altitude of more than 7000 feet above mean sea level, in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal . It is well known for the trekking route to Sandakphu that runs through it.
The park was declared a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1986, and was made an Indian National Park in 1992. The region had long been used as the trekking route from Manebhanjhyang to Sandakphu (the highest peak of West Bengal ), and Phalut


Important Dams, Rivers and Lakes:

Dams:

Sl.No.
Dam
River
Nearest City
Type of dam
1.
Kangsabati Kumari Dam           
Kasai
Bankura           
Irrigation
2.
Dangrajhore Dam
__________
Puruliya
Irrigation
3.
Hanumata Dam
Hanumata
Puruliya
Irrigation
4.
Lipania Dam
__________
Puruliya
Irrigation

Rivers:

Sl.No.
River
1.
Ganga
2.
Bhagirathi-
3.
Jaldhaka
4.
Torsha
5.
Tista
6.
Mechi
7.
Balasan
8.
Mahananda
9.
Hooghly

Lakes:

Sl.No.
Lake
Located in/near
1.
Motijhil Lake
Murshidabad
2.
Mirik Lake
Darjeeling
3.
Lal Dighi
Kolkata
4.
Rasikbil Lake


Cooch Behar
5.
Senchal Lake
Darjeeling
6.
Rabindra Sarobar
South Kolkata

Important Power generation plants:

Sl.No.
Plant/Project
Type/Category
Remarks (if any)
1.
Sagardighi Thermal Power Project
Thermal Power
In the first phase, two units of 300 MW each were syn­chro­nized on 21.12.2007 and 13.08.2008 respec­tively. The Main Plant Pack­age was awarded to DEC, China.
2.
Santaldih Thermal Power Station
Thermal Power
Santaldih Thermal Power Station is located in the district of Puru­lia, West Bengal.
3.
Bakreswar Thermal Power Project
Thermal Power
Bakreswar Thermal Power Project, under The West Bengal Power Development Corporation Limited, is one of the most reliable and prestigious coal-​fired power plants in West Bengal and in India as well
4.
Bandel Thermal Power Station
Thermal Power
Situated on the western bank of Bhagirathi River, Bandel Thermal Power Station
5.
Kolaghat Thermal Power Station
Thermal Power
Situtated at Mecheda 55 Km.(Approx.) from Kolkata by South East­ern Rail or By NH-​6.
Airports:

1. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport- Kolkata
2. Bagdogra Airport — Siliguri
3. Nazrul Islam Airport — Durgapur
4. Malda Airport —Malda

Folk Dances:

Sl.No.
Folk Dances
Remarks (if any)
1.
Brita Dance
Brita Dance is actually a traditional folk dance of West Bengal. It is generally performed by the barren women of the state, in order to invoke the blessings of the Gods, so that their wishes for a child are fulfilled.
2.
Gambhira Dance
Gambhira dance is performed on the song of the same name. In this dance, there are two main dancers, who are accompanied by a chorus
3.
Chhau Dance
Chhau Dance is one of the most renowned tribal martial dances of India. The dance is known as Seraikella Chau in Jharkhand, Mayurbhanj Chau in Orissa and Purulia Chhau in West Bengal.
4.
Santhal Dance
Santhal is one of the most abundantly found tribes in India. A major chunk of this tribe can be found in West Bengal and Jharkhand
5.
Tusu Dance
Tusu dance is basically the celebration of the arrival of an auspicious and pleasant season. Groups of girls from the district go to the riverside every evening, in the Pausa month, to sing and perform.
6.
Lathi Dance
Dance is a unique art of expression. Be it celebration, remorse, anger, love or pain, dance moves can clearly define every expression.

Tribes:


Munda Tribe
  
Chero Tribe

Ho Tribe
  
Garo Tribes
  
Lohara Tribe
  
Mahli Tribe
  
Mal Pahariya Tribe
  
Mru Tribe
  
Oraon Tribe
  
Paharia Tribe
  
Kora Tribe 

Bhuiya Tribe
  
Bhutia Tribe 

Important Regional Festivals:

Sl.No.
Festival Name
Remarks
1.
Durga Pooja
Durga Pooja is the most important festival in West Bengal, celebrated with immense devotion and great pomp and show. This festival is also known by various names here, some call it 'Akalbodhan' - the untimely awakening of Durga, while others refer to it   as 'Durgotsab' - the festival of Goddess Durga and even 'Maayer Pujo' - the worship of the Mother Durga.
2.
Ganga Sagar Mela
West Bengal is the state of fairs and festivals. A large number of festivities take place in this state throughout the year. Amongst them, one of the most famous fests is the Gangasagar Mela. It is held in the month of January-February, on the Ganga Sagar Island, at the mouth of the river Hooghly in Bengal
3.
Jagaddhatri Puja
The culture of West Bengal is adorned by numerous fairs and festivals. Goddess Durga is one of the most religiously worshipped deities here and many of the festivals celebrated in the state are meant to pay regards to Her only. Jagaddhatri or Jagadhatri puja is one of the festivals observed by the devotees of 'Durga' - the Goddess of Power, who is also called Jagaddhatri i.e. 'the Protector of the World'.
4.
Poush Mela
West Bengal is the land of fairs and festivals. Innumerable festivals are celebrated throughout the year in the state. Apart from traditional festivals, like Durga Pooja and Diwali, harvest festivals like Jhapan and tourism festival like Teesta Tea and Tourism Festival are observed here. Another festival that Bengali people relish is the 'Cultural Festival of Poush'
5.
Saraswati Puja
Maa Saraswati is the Hindu Goddess of Learning. She is worshipped in almost all the parts of the country with equal devotion. Saraswati Pooja is observed on 'Vasant Panchmi', which falls in the Phalgun month (January-February as per the Gregorian calendar).
6.
Teesta Tea & Tourism Festival
Teesta Tea & Tourism Festival, as the very name suggests, aims at promoting the prospects of tourism in the state. The festival is extremely entertaining and sees the organization of many cultural activities, water sports, food fĂȘte, toy train ride, and film festivals.
7.
Vishnupur Festival
Vishnupur, situated in the Bankura district of West Bengal, is the seat of ancient culture of Bengal. Adorned by magnificent art and architecture, this city tells the tale of the golden era of the state.
8.
Naba Barsho
Naba Barsho, also known as Poila Baishakh, marks the beginning of New Year in Bengal. It is celebrated on the first day of Baishakh, as per the Hindu calendar. According to the Gregorian calendar, it falls either on April 14 or 15.


Important Temples/Archeological Monuments/Sites:


Sl.No.
Temple/ Archeological Monument/ Site
Located in/near
1.
Kalighat Kali Temple
Kolkata
2.
Chandraketu's Fort
24 Parganas (North)
3.
Lalji Temple
Bankura
4.
Nil Kuthi Mound
Murshidabad
5.
Dutch Cemetery
Murshidabad
6.
Qutub Shahi Masjid
Malda
7.
Ramakrishna Math
Kolkata
8.
Victoria Memorial
Kolkata
9.
Dakshineswar Kali Temple
Kolkata
10.
Rasmancha
Bankura
11.
Ancient site
Burdwan
12.
Gate of Old Fort
Bankura
13.
Stone chariot
Bankura
14.
Rudreswar Temple
Burdwan
15.
Mounds
Dinajpur (West)
16.
Baisgazi Wall
Malda
17.
Firoz Minar
Malda
18.
Dutch Cemetery
Murshidabad
19.
Nil Kuthi Mound
Murshidabad
20.
Tamluk Rajbati
Purba Medinipur
21.
John Pierce Tomb
Midnapore
22.
Metcalfe Hall
Kolkata
23.
Beth-el-Synagogue
Kolkata
24.
Two stone pillars
Malda
25.
Bhavaniswar Mandir
Murshidabad

Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities:



Sl.No.
City
Nick Name
1.
Asansol          
Land of Black Diamond
2.
Darjeeling     
The Queen of the Hills
3.
Durgapur      
Ruhr of India
4.
Kolkata
City of Joy
City of Palaces
Cultural Capital of India
Gateway of Eastern India
Heaven of the Aged
5.
Malda
Mango City
                       
6.
Siliguri           
Gateway to the Dooars
City of Hospitality

Sport Stadiums/Arena:

Sl.No.
Stadium/Arena
Sport-Purpose
City
1.
Salt Lake Stadium
___________
Kolkata
2.
Eden Gardens
Cricket
Kolkata
3.
Rabindra Sarobar Stadium
Football
Kolkata
4.
Kanchenjunga Stadium
multipurpose stadium
Siliguri


Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:

Sl.No.
Name
Constituency
Ministry
1.
 S.S. Ahluwalia           
Darjeeling
Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
Parliamentary Affairs (MoS)
2.
Babul Supriyo
Asansol
Heavy Industries
Public Enterprises (MoS)

Sea Ports in West Bengal

Port Name Haldia Port Also Known As Port of Kolkata
Opened In- 1870
Constructed by- The British East India Company
Operated by- Kolkata Port Trust
Owned by- Kolkata Port Trust, Ministry of Shipping, Government of India
Location- Kolkata (West Bengal)

Interesting, Famous and Amazing Facts About West Bengal


1. West Bengal is surrounded by a few countries, including the Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan.

2. West Bengal is the fourth largest state in India by population

3. West Bengal literacy rate is 77.08%, which is one of the highest literacy rates in India

4. The population density of the state of West Bengal is 1000 per sq. km.

5. During the British Era, Kolkata was the capital of India before the construction of Delhi capital.

6. West Bengal state is the sixth-largest contributor to India’s net domestic product

7. Ram Mohan Roy is considered and regarded as the “Father of the Bengali renaissance”.

8. West Bengal has given many great leaders and great persons, includes Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Rabindranath Tagore, Khudiram Bose, Matangini Hazra, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, and many more.

9. Kolkata Metro is the oldest metro in India, which was started on October 24, 1984

10. West Bengal has a good number of popular tourist attractions, some of them are, Victoria Memorial, Eden Gardens, Indian Museum, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Tiger Hill, Howrah Bridge, Peace Pagoda (Darjeeling), Kalighat Kali Temple, and many more.

 Keep Visiting Bankersadda for More Such States!!





All the very best BAins 




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