Sunday, 17 July 2016

Static Awareness: An Insight Into The Indian States (KERALA)

Dear Readers,

Today, we are discussing the state Kerala
(God's own century)


In SBI Clerk Mains, everyone got shocked seeing a good number of static questions other than Current Affairs and Banking Awareness. Well, this simply means what SBI is expecting and keeping up to the expectation, you will have to be ready for any kind of challenge. It is quite tough to chose what to study and what not to. Friends, its not easy to prepare current affairs, banking awareness and static awareness all at once and that too a week or two before exam. So friends, we are starting a series that will help you learn static general awareness in a state wise manner. Its classified in this way so that you can remember all the important things about that state. Today, we are discussing the state 
Kerala.

With the Arabian Sea in the west, the Western Ghats towering 500-2700 m in the east and networked by 44 rivers, Kerala enjoys unique geographical features that have made it one of the most sought after tourist destinations in Asia. An equable climate. A long shoreline with serene beaches. Tranquil stretches of emerald backwaters. Lush hill stations and exotic wildlife. Waterfalls. Sprawling plantations and paddy fields. Ayurvedic health holidays. Enchanting art forms. Magical festivals. Historic and cultural monuments. An exotic cuisine... All of which offer you a unique experience. And what's more, each of these charming destinations is only a two hour drive from the other - a singular advantage no other destination offers.
            

Geographical view:
Area:        38,863 km²

Land Structure: The topography consists of a hot and wet coastal plain gradually rising in elevation to the high hills and mountains of the Western Ghats. 

Main Crops: Cash Crops like coconut, rubber, tea, coffee, pepper, cardamom, areca nut, ginger, nutmeg, cinnamon etc
food crops paddy tapioca etc
Climate:  humid tropical wet climate

Main minerals: Heavy Mineral Sands ( Ilmenite, Rutile, Zircon, Monazite, Sillimanite) ,Gold, Iron ore, Bauxite, Graphite, China Clay, Fire Clay, Tile and Brick Clay, Silica Sand, Lignite, Limestone, Limeshell, Dimension Stone (Granite), Gemstones, Magnesite, Steatite etc. However, mining activities on large scale are confined mainly to a few minerals - Heavy Mineral Sands, China Clay and to a lesser extent Limestone/Limeshell, Silica Sand and Granite. In fact, Heavy mineral sand and China Clay contribute more than 90% of the total value of mineral production in the State.

River and dams:

Dams
Sl.No.
Dam
River
Nearest City
Purpose/Project
1.
Idukki (Eb)/Idukki Arch Dam
Periyar
Devikolam
Hydroelectric
2.
MullaPeriyar Dam
Periyar
Idduki
Hydroelectric,Irrigation
3.
Chimoni (Id) Dam
Chimoni
Mukundapuram
Irrigation
4.
Sholayar (Main ) (Eb) Dam
chalakudy
Theissur
Hydroelectric
5.
Moozhiyar Spillway Dam
Moozhiyar
Pathanamthita
Hydroelectric, Irrigation

Rivers

Sl.No.
River
1.
Periyar
2.
Bharathapuzha
3.
Pampa
4.
Manimala
5.
Chalakudy
6.
Kabini
7.
Chandragiri
8.
Moozhiyar
9.
Chimoni


Lakes

Sl.No.
Lake
Located in/near
1.
Sasthamkotta Lake
Kollam
2.
Vembanad Lake

Kottayam
3.
The Ashtamudi Lake
Kollam
4.
Akkulam Lake
Thiruvanthapuram

Important Festivals:



Sl.No.
Festival Name
Remarks
1.
Onam
Kerala's harvest festival
2.
Vishu
most auspicious day to start anything new
3.
Cochin Carnival
a tradition inherited from Portuguese

National Parks:

Name of National Park
Special Species (if any important)
Important Remarks
Eravikulam National Park
an abode to the Nilgiri Tahr (an endangered mountain goat)
situated in the Idukki district along the Western Ghats
Silent Valley National Park

natural and unspoilt rainforests in the entire subcontinent
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
Grizzled Giant Squirrels
dry thorny forest in good numbers
Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
migratory birds like Siberian Stork, Darter, Teal and Egret
 it is located on the eastern bank of the Vembanad Lake largest freshwater lake in Kerala and longest in India
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Tiger reserve and Asian elephant
The park encircles the 26 sq km lake
Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary
Jungle Fowl, Shrike, Sunbird
Salim Ali, declared the park as the ‘richest bird habitat on peninsular India
Wayanad Sanctuary
recognised under Protect Elephant project
important part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

Asia’s 14th largest arch dam, Idukki Arch Dam, which adds to the thrill of touring a wildlife sanctuary

Nick Names of cities

Sl.No.
City
Nick Name
Famous
1
Ernakulam (Cochin)
Queen of the Arabian Sea
Right from the distant past, the Arabs, Chinese, Portuguese, British and the Dutch have left deep-seated marks on the history and development of Cochin
2
Idukki

Idukki Arch Dam, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Spice Plantation Tours and Elephant Rides
3
Kannur
crown of Kerala
Jawaharlal Nehru referred to as the 'Garden of India
This place is the melting pot of many cultures, religions and traditions
4
kollam

Indian cashewnuts are processed and traded
5
Kottayam

100% literacy
6
Thiruvananthapuram
Trivandrum
built on seven hills and is the capital of Kerala, God's own country.

Famous temple: 



Sl.No
Monument/Temple/Sites
Located in
Remarks
1
Rock cut cave

2
Umbrella prehistoric site
Thrissur

3
Jain Temple
Wynad

4
Burial Cave
Thrissur

5
Srikoil of the Vishnu temple
Thrissur
 29 Wooden Bracket Figures on the outer wall

6
Kailasanatha temple
Thrissur
Mural paintings on the wall

Thermal Power plants in Kerala:

Name of Thermal Power Plant
Location
Important Remarks
Brahmapuram Powerplant
Kochi
Oil based powerplant
Kayamkulam Powerplany
Alappuzha
Naphtha used as fuel
Kozhikode Power plant
Nallalam Kozhikode
Diesel based

Administrative view:

Foundation date :  October 31, 1956, 
Capital: Thiruvananthapuram
Chief minister: Pinarayi Vijayan
Governor: P. Sathasivam
District:14
High Court: Kerala Unnatha Nyayalayam at Kochi, Ernakulam.
Number of MLA: 140
Number of MP in LokShabha:  20
Number of MP in Rajyasabha: 9

Economical View:

Sources of Irrigation: The major source of irrigation is wells (30%), government canals (26%), tanks (11%) and private canals (1.125) respectively

Others:
principal language: Malyalam
State population: 34.8 million

Important dances:
Mohiniyattam
Kathakali
Kolkali
Koodiyattam
Thirvathirakali 

Main Airports: 
                                                                
Trivandrum International Airport       Thiruvananthapuram
Kannur International Airport               Kannur
Cochin International Airport                Kochi
Calicut International Airport                Karipur

Ports:
Cochin Port
Kottayam Port and Container Terminal
Vizhinjam International Seaport
Kozhikkode Port

Interesting Facts About Kerala



1. First literate state of India
2. First state to implement land reform bills and education reform bills
3. Lower birth rate
4. Least infant mortality
5. State with maximum life expectancy
6. The only state with the facilities of hospitals in every village
7. Excellent communication infrastructure.
8. One among the states where Air, Water and Road are used as the media for transportation.
9. India's first defence Industrial Park in Kerala
10. The Sex Ratio in Kerala is 1084 female for each 1000 male


  Keep Visiting Bankersadda for More Such States!!






All the very best BAians 



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