Thursday, 21 July 2016

Static Awareness: An Insight Into The Indian States (JHARKHAND)

Dear Readers,
Today, we are discussing the state JHARKHNAD.


In SBI Clerk Mains, everyone got shocked seeing a good number of static questions other than Current Affairs and Banking Awareness. Well, this simply means what SBI is expecting and keeping up to the expectation, you will have to be ready for any kind of challenge. It is quite tough to chose what to study and what not to. Friends, its not easy to prepare current affairs, banking awareness and static awareness all at once and that too a week or two before exam. So friends, we are starting a series that will help you learn static general awareness in a state wise manner. Its classified in this way so that you can remember all the important things about that state. Today, we are discussing the state JHARKHAND.


Jharkhand is a state in eastern India. It was carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000. Jharkhand shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,714 km. The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka is sub capital while Jamshedpur is the largest and the biggest industrial city of the state.


Capital city: Ranchi

Chief Minister: Raghubar Das

Governor: Draupadi Murmu         

High Court : Ranchi  High Court, Ranchi

Number of Districts: 24

 National Parks :

Sl.No.
Name of National Park
Special Species (if any important)
Important Remarks
1.
Dalma WildLife Sanctuary
The Wildlife Sanctuary offers shelter to Elephants, Barking Deer, Sloth Bear and Porcupines as the major inhabitants. Forest cover has been uncovered up to 90% due to the selective pilferage by timber mafia for years.
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, located around the Dalma Hills 10 km from Jamshedpur City in Jharkhand, was inaugurated by Sanjay Gandhi in 1975.
2.
Hazaribagh Wild Life Sanctuary
The wildlife sanctuary houses leopards, panthers, wild boars, tigers, sambar, nilgai, chital, peafowl, sloth bears, black bears, hyenas and pigeons.
Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary, around 55 miles (89 km) north of Ranchi in Jharkhand, was established in 1955.
3.
Betla National Park
Betla is among the first national parks in India to become a tiger reserve under Project Tiger. Elephants are also found here in large number.
Betla National Park, lying in the Chota Nagpur Plateau of the Palamu District in Jharkhand, possesses a big range of wild life.
4.
Saranda - The Sal Forest
The area, comprising of iron ore mining towns such as Gua, Chiria, Kiriburu and Noamundi, is inhabited by Ho people.
Saranda Forest, a dense forest in the hilly region of West Singhbhum District in Jharkhand, literally means seven hundred hills.
5.
Palamau Tiger Reserve
Before getting the identity of a reserve, the land was utilized for cattle grazing and camping, and the area was highly prone to jungle fire.
Palamau Tiger Reserve, among the nine original tiger reserves in India, forms part of Betla National Park, in Palamu District in Jharkhand.


Important Dams, Rivers and Lakes:



Dams

Sl.No.
Dam
River
Nearest City
Type of dam
1.
Chinda Dam
Chinda           
Simdega           
Earthen / Gravity / Masonry        
2.
Anraj Dam
Arraj  
Garhwa           
Earthen         
3.
Getalsud Dam
Subarnarekha           
Ranchi
Earthen         
4.
Panchat Hill Dam
Damodar       
Dhanbad           
Earthen / Gravity / Masonry

Rivers

Sl.No.
River
1.
Damodar
2.
Sankh
3.
North Koel
4.
Barakar
5.
Subarnarekha
6.
Ganga


Lakes


Sl.No.
Lake
Located in/near
1.
Ranchi Lake
Ranchi
2.
Topchanchi Lake
Dhanbad
3.
Hundru Falls
Ranchi
4.
Panch Ghagh
Khunti
5.
Canary Hill
Hazaribagh
6.
Hirni Falls
Ranchi


Important Power generation plants:

Sl.No.
Plant/Project
Type/Category
Remarks (if any)
1.
Tenughat Thermal Power Station
Thermal power
The power plant is owned by Jharkhand State owned Tenughat Vidyut Nigam Limited
2.
Patratu Thermal Power Station
coal-based thermal power

3.
Sikidiri Hydel Power Plant
Hydel Power
Ramgarh

Airports:

1. Birsa Munda Airport- Ranchi
            2. Sonari Airport- Jamshedpur

Folk Dances:

Sl.No.
Folk Dances
Remarks (if any)
1.
Paika
The Munda community of Jharkhand performs the Paika Dance. It is a stylized representation of the rituals connected with the preparations of war.
2.
Tribal Dances
The Adivasis of Jharkhand (Mundas, Santhals and Oraon)s are born dancers and singers. Their songs and music are joyous and depict the festive spirit that prevails whenever there is an occasion for people to get together.
3.
Hunta Dance
The Hunting Dance of the Santhals who live in the hilly plateaus of the Chota Nagpur region of the Santhal Parganas of Jharkhand is known as the Hunta Dance.
4.
Mundari Dance
The Mundari Dance is a very common and popular dance of the Mundaris. All members of the community can participate in this dance.
5.
Barao Dance
The richness and variety of the Barao Dance and music is remarkable. The Oraon community of the state, who are mainly concentrated in the Hazaribagh Goomla area, performs this dance.
6.
Jenana Jhumur
The Santhal and Nagpuri communities mainly perform the Jhumur songs and dances of Jharkhand. The Jenana Jhumur Dance is a traditional dance of the women of the Jharkhand region performed mainly during the period of cultivation in the rainy season.


Tribes:

1.     Munda
2.     Santhal
3.     Oraon
4.     Kharia
5.     Gond
6.     Kol
7.     Kanwar
8.     Savar
9.     Asur
10. Baiga
11. Banjara
12. Bathudi



Important Regional Festivals:


Sl.No.
Festival Name
Remarks
1.
Karma
The festival of Karma, also known to be a religious festival, calls for huge celebration among the tribals of Jharkhand. On the day of this festival devotees keep fast of complete 24 hours. The cultural performances are observed keeping a branch of a Sal tree in the middle of an open ground.
2.
Sohrai
The Sohrai festival is a popular and much-awaited festival of the tribes of Jharkhand. It is associated with the cattle and is celebrated during the festival of Diwali, which falls in the month of November. During the festive celebrations the cattle are washed and worshipped. This is a time for great amusement and performances of cattle such as bullfights are organized to multiply the fun and excitement.
3.
Sarhul
This is the main festival of the tribal population of Jharkhand. The verbal meaning of Sarhul is worship of the Sal tree. Sarhul can also be redefined as worship of nature in which local people worship Sita, the wife of Lord Rama as `Dhartimata`.
4.
Ramnavami
This religious Hindu festival is celebrated in the whole country along with the state of Jharkand with equal amount of pomp and show. This auspicious day is observed to mark the birth of Lord Rama.
5.
Chhath Puja
The `Sun-God` is worshipped by almost all civilizations but adopts a unique form in the state of Jharkhand. Chhath Puja is reckoned as one of the most important festivals of Jharkhand..
6.
Jityya Bhaiya Dooj
Jitya Bhaiya Dooj one of the prominent festivals of Jharkhand is celebrated in the state of Jharkhand with as much exuberance as in the other states. It is a festival purely dedicated to the love and affection between brothers and sisters.
7.
Basant Panchami
Another well known festivals of Jharkhand is the Basant Panchami. This festival is celebrated in Jharkhand with as much pomp and fervor as that of the whole country
8.
Dussehra
Dussehra, one of the much-awaited festivals of Jharkhand. It is a ten days event in total. It demands the participation of the rich and the poor alike. The festival is marked in the state by the worship of Goddess Durga, the incarnation of the cosmic energy.


Important Temples/Archeological Monuments/Sites:



Sl.No.
Temple/ Archeological Monument/ Site
Located in/near
1.
Baidyanath Jyotirlinga temple
Deoghar
2.
Jamma Masjid
Santhal Parganas
3.
Ancient Mound
Singhbhum
4.
Site of an old fort
Singhbhum
5.
Ashoka inscription on the Chandan Shahid -hill
Ranchi
6.
Ancient Stone Temple with a small Sivalinga inside
Ranchi



Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities:


Sl.No.
City
Nick Name
1.
Dhanbad       
The Coal Capital of India
2.
Jamshedpur
Steel City of India
Pittsburgh of India


Sport Stadiums/Arena:


Sl.No.
Stadium/Arena
Sport-Purpose
City
1.
Jharkhand State Cricket Association
Cricket
Ranchi


Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:

Sl.No.
Name
Constituency
Ministry
1.
Sudarshan Bhagat    
Lohardaga
Agriculture and Farmers (MoS)
2.
Jayant Sinha  
Hazaribagh
Civil Aviation (MoS)



Keep Visiting Bankersadda for More Such States!!






All the very best BAians 



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