Thursday, 7 July 2016

Static Awareness: An Insight Into The Indian States (PUNJAB)

Dear Readers,

Today, we are discussing the state PUNJAB.
(Punjab is 'land of five rivers')
Granary of India & India's bread-basket


‘Punj’ means five and ‘aab’ means water. Five rivers of Punjab are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum. Only two rivers Sutlej and Beas flow through Punjab state in India. Ravi flows partially in Punjab (India), mainly along the international boundary of India and Pakistan. All these five rivers are tributaries of Indus River. All these five rivers finally merge into Indus River directly or indirectly and the Indus then terminates into Arabian Sea near Karachi city in Pakistan. These rivers, including the Indus River are considered part of Indus Valley River System.

Capital city : Chandigarh

Chief Minister : Sardar Parkash Singh Badal

Governor : Kaptan Singh Solanki

High Court  : Punjab and Haryana High Court, Chandigarh

Chief Justice : Shiavax Jal Vazifdar

International Borders : Pakistan to the west- Wagha Border

Number of Districts: 22

Specialty of State: Agricultural Produce


Produce/ Speciality
Rank in India
Wheat
3
Infrastructure Facilities**
1
** reference IBEF

National Parks :

Sl.No.
Name of National Park
Special Species (if any important)
Important Remarks
1
Harike Pattan Wetland and Bird Sanctuary
---
One of largest wetland in north India. It is India’s major landlocked fish market of fresh water and a shelter for a variety of wild animals.
2
Jhajjar Bachauli Wildlife Sanctuary
home to predators like leopard, jackal, etc. Sambars, barking deer
near Anandpur Sahib
3
Takhni-Rehmapur Wildlife Sanctuary
Pangolin, Mongoose, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Jackal, Hog Deer
Scattered by an area of 382 hectares at the hoof of Shivalik Range of Himalayas passing through Ropar.

Important Dams, Rivers and Lakes:

Dams

Sl.No.
Dam
River
Nearest City
Purpose/Project
1.
Ranjit Sagar Dam
Ravi
Pathankot
Irrigation+ Hydroelectric+ Flood Control
2.
Siswan Dam
Siswan Khad
Kharar
Flood Control+ Irrigation
3.
Jainti Dam
Soonk
Kharar
Flood Control +Irrigation

Rivers

Sl.No.
River
Remarks
1
Sutlej River
originates from Rakshasthal Lake adjacent to Mount Kailash in Tibet.
2
Beas River
Beas River merges with Sutlej Riverat Harike Pattan situated towards Amritsar
3
Ravi River
This river is also the border river of India and Pakistan and flows in the northern side of Lahore city.  famous Indus civilization, Harappa, and one of its utmost cities was situated close to the earlier route of this River

Lakes

Sl.No.
Lake
Located in/near
1
Sukhna Lake
Chandigarh
2
Harike Lake
Ferozpur
3
Kanjli Lake
Kapurthala


Important Power generation plants:

Sl.No.
Plant/Project
Type/Category
1
Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant, Bhatinda
Thermal power plant
2
Guru Gobind Singh Super Thermal Power Plant, Ropar
Thermal power plant
3
Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant, Lehra Mohabbat, Bhatinda
Thermal power plant
4
Ranjit Sagar Dam
Hydro power plant
5
Shanan Power House
Hydro power plant


Airports:
1. Ludhiana Sahnewal Airport- Ludhiyana
2. Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport- Amritsar
2. Bhatinda Airport- Bhisiana
3. Pathankot Airport- Pathankot


Folk Dances:
1. Bhanghra              
2. Giddha Dance  
3. Jhummar Dance    
4. Dhumall Dance    
5. Dhankara Dance


Tribes:
1. Sikh Jats          
2. Khatri clans          
4. Arora clans      
3. Rajput clans



Important Regional Festivals:

Sl.No.
Festival Name
Remarks
1.
Lohri
marks the end of winter and for Punjabis
2.
Basant Panchami
the advent of spring
3.
Hola Mohalla
a gathering of Sikhs for military exercises and mock battles on the day following the festival of Holi.
4.
Baisakhi
anniversary of the founding of Khalsa
5.
Guru Purbs
held in association with the lives of the Sikh Gurus Gurupurbs celebrated are the birthdays of Guru Nanak and Guru Govind Singh and the martyrdom days of Guru Arjun Dev and Guru Teg Bahadur.
6.
Jor Mela
in the memory of Guru Gobind Singh's two sons Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh who were buried alive in a brick-wall
7
Hariballabh Sangeet Mela
held in Jalandhar in the memory of the sant-musician, Swami Hariballabh


Important Temples/Archaeological Monuments/Sites:

Sl.No.
Monument/Temple/Sites
Located in
Remarks
1
Golden Temple(Sri Harmandir Sahib)
Amritsar
holiest Gurdwara of Sikhism
2
Fatehgarh Sahib Gurudwara
Sahota
built on the site where 300 years ago, Guru Gobind Singhji's two young Sahibzadas were entombed alive by the Mughals
3
Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib
Anandpur Sahib
birthplace of the Khalsa,here Guru Gobind Singh baptized 5 sikhs
4
Damadama Sahib
Bathinda
Guru Gobind Singhji stayed here for 9 months and he worked on the Adi Granth.
5
Quila Mubarak (Palace)
Patiala
palace was built by Maharaja Ala Singh in 1764
6
Jagatjit Palace
Kapurthala
architecture borrowed from the famous Fontainebleau and Palace of Versailles Today,it is run as the Sainik School and maintained by the Defense Ministry
7
Jallianwala Bagh(Historical Site)
Amritsar
On Sunday April 13, 1919, British Indian Army soldiers, commanded by Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning.
8
Wagah border
Amritsar
The lowering of the flags, or the Beating Retreat ceremony is a daily military practice that the security forces of India (Border Security Force) and Pakistan (Pakistan Rangers) have jointly followed since 1959


Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities:

Sl.No.
City
Nick Name
1
Amritsar
City of Golden Temple, Holy City
2
Patiala
Royal City


Sport Stadiums:

Sl.No.
Stadium
Sport-Purpose
City
1
Guru Gobind Singh Stadium
multi-purpose stadium
Jalandhar
2
International Hockey Stadium
Hockey
Mohali
3
Punjab Cricket Association Stadium(Bindra Stadium)
Cricket
Mohali

Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:

Sl.No.
Name
Constituency
Ministry
1
Harsimrat Kaur Badal
Bhatinda
Food Processing Industries.






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