Saturday, 9 July 2016

Static Awareness: An Insight Into The Indian States (UTTAR PRADESH)

Dear Readers,
Today, we are discussing the state UTTAR PRADESH.
(Sugar bowl of India)


Uttar Pradesh is the rainbow land where the multi-hued Indian Culture has blossomed from times immemorial. Blessed with a variety of geographical land and many cultural diversities, Uttar Pradesh, has been the area of activity of historical heroes like - Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Mahavira, Ashoka, Harsha, Akbar and Mahatma Gandhi. Garlanded by the Ganga and Yamuna, the two pious rivers of Indian mythology, Uttar Pradesh is surrounded by Bihar in the East, Madhya Pradesh in the South, Rajasthan, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana in the west and Uttarakhand in the north and Nepal touch the northern borders of Uttar Pradesh. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950.

Capital city : Lucknow

Chief Minister : Akhilesh Yadav

Governor : Ram Naik

High Court  : Allahabad High Court

International Borders : Nepal

Number of Districts: 75

Specialty of State: Agricultural Produce


Produce/ Speciality
Rank in India
Sugarcane
1
Potato
1
Economy (GDP)
3
State Population
1
Mango
1
Wheat
1
Rice
2





National Parks :

Sl.No.
Name of National Park
Special Species (if any important)
Important Remarks
1
Dudhwa National Park
Bengal Tiger, swamp deer, one-horned rhinoceros, hog deer, cheetal and many species of birds.
Dudhwa National Park is the only National Park and Tiger Reserve representative of Terai-bhabar Biogeographic subdivision of the Upper Gangetic Plains It was declared a Tiger Reserve in the late 1980s and ever since it remains a safe hub for the rare Bengal Tigers in India.
2
National Chambal Sanctuary
Indian Skimmers, rare turtle species, crocodiles, rare Gangetic dolphin
is a riverine sanctuary along the Chambal River
3
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve & Wildlife Sanctuary
tiger, leopard, swamp deer, hispid hare, and Bengal floricans
Its northern border lies along the India-Nepal border while the southern boundary is marked by the river Sharada and Khakra.
4
Mahavirswami Wildlife Sanctuary
leopard, nilgai, wild boar, and sambhar
group of 41 Jain temples that covers an area of about 8 acres



Important Dams, Rivers and Lakes:

Dams

Sl.No.
Dam
River
Nearest City
Purpose/Project
1.
Obra Dam
Rihand
Robertsganj
Hydroelectric+Irrigation
2.
Rajghat Dam
Betwa
Lalitpur
Hydroelectric+Irrigation+Water Storage
3.
Rihand Dam
Rihand
Dudhi
Hydroelectric+Irrigation
4.
Chandra Prabha Dam
Chandraprabha
Chakia
Irrigation

Rivers

Sl.No.
River
1.
Ganga
2.
Ramganga
3.
Yamuna
4.
Gomti
5.
Ghagra
6.
Chambal
7.
Son
8.
Gandak
9.
Sarayu


Lakes

Sl.No.
Lake
Located in/near
1.
Barua Sagar Lake
Jhansi
2.
Ramgarh Tal
Deoria
3.
Keetham Lake
Agra


Important Power generation plants:

Sl.No.
Plant/Project
Type/Category
1.
Narora Atomic Power Station- Bulandshar
Neuclear
2.
NTPC- Singrouli
Thermal Coal Based
3.
NTPC-Dadri
Thermal Coal Based
4.
NTPC- Feroze Gandhi, Unchahar
Thermal Coal Based
5.
NTPC- Tanda
Thermal Coal Based

Airports:

1. Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport (Amausi Airport) - Lucknow
2. Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport - Varanasi

Folk Dances:
1. Swang
2. Charkula Dance
3. Raslila
4. Nautanki
5. Ahir Dance


Tribes:
1. Agariya
2. Aheria
3. Baiga Tribe
4. Bind Tribe
5. Patari



Important Regional Festivals:

Sl.No.
Festival Name
Remarks
1.
Diwali
'festival of lights' Diwali is a five-day Hindu celebration in the state
2.
Maha Kumbh Mela
largest Hindu pilgrimage where millions of people gather together to take a spiritual bathe in a sacred river, popularly known as Sangam. It is held at every third year at one of the four places namely Haridwar, Allahabad, Nashik and Ujjain.
3.
Rama Navmi
famous Hindu festival which marks the birth of Lord Rama
4.
Maha Shivaratri
Celebrated in the respect of Lord Shiva every year
5.
Janmashtami

6.
Eid
Eid or Eid-ul-Fitr is also known as Feast of Breaking the Fast is a main religious festival of Muslims
7.
Vijayadashami
Vijayadashami also known as Dussehra is a most popular Hindu festival that celebrates the victory of Lord Rama over Ravana and Goddess Durga over devil Mahishasura.
8.
Yoga Festival
The yoga Festival held at Varanasi and Allahbad


Important Temples/Archeological Monuments/Sites:

Sl.No.
Temple/ Archeological Monument/ Site
Located in/near
1.
Taj Mahal
Agra
2.
Kashivishwanath Temple
Varanasi
3.
Tulsi Manas Temple
Varanasi
4.
Hanuman Setu Temple
Lucknow
5.
Sri Radha Govinda Temple
Vrindavan
6.
Ram Janmabhoomi
Ayodhya
7.
Triveni Sangam
Allahabad
8.
Sankat Mochan
Varanasi
9.
Sarnath Temple
Varanasi
10.
Manikarnika Ghat
Varanasi
11.
Tomb of Akbar the Great
Agra
12.
Agra Fort
Agra
13.
Banke Bihari Temple
Vrindavan
14.
Bharat Mata Mandir
Varanashi
15.
Bada Imambara
Lucknow
16.
Jhansi Fort
Jhasni
17.
Jama Mosque
Jaunpur
18.
Chunar Fort
Varanashi
19.
Residency
Lucknow
20.
Vicotria Memorial
Lucknow
21.
Dhamek Stupa
Varanasi
22.
Fatehpur Sikri
Agra
23.
Krishna Janmbhoomi
Mathura


Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities:

Sl.No.
City
Nick Name
1.
Agra
City of Taj
2.
Allahabad
Sangam City
Abode of God
3.
Kannauj
Grasse of the East
Perfume Capital of India
Harsh Vardhan City
4.
Kanpur
Leather City of the World
Manchester of the East
5.
Lucknow
City of Nawabs
Shiraz-e-Hind
Constantinople of the East
6.
Varanasi
Spiritual Capital of India
Oldest city in the world


Sport Stadiums/Arena:

Sl.No.
Stadium/Arena
Sport-Purpose
City
1.
Green Park Stadium
Cricket
Kanpur
2.
Faizabad Sports Complex
Multipurpose
Faizabad
3.
Buddha International Circuit
Formula One Indian Grand Prix
Greater Noida
4.
Dhyan Chand Astroturf Stadium
Hockey
Lucknow


Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:

Sl.No.
Name
Constituency
Ministry
1.
Narendra Modi
Varanasi
Prime Minister
2.
Anupriya Patel
Mirzapur
Health and Family Welfare
3.
Maneka Sanjay Gandhi
Pilibhit
Women & Child Development
4.
General Vijay Kumar Singh
Ghajiabad
State for External Affairs
5.
Mahesh Sharma
Gautam Budh Nagar
Tourism & Culture
6.
Raj Nath Singh
Lucknow
Home Affairs
7.
Kalraj Mishra
Deoria
Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
8.
Manoj Sinha
Ghazipur
Communications (Independent Charge)
Railways
9.
Santosh Kumar Gangwar
Bareilly
Finance
10.
Mahendra Nath Pandey
Chandauli
Human Resourse Development
11.
Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi
Rajya Sabha MP
Minority Affairs
Parliamentary Affairs






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