Sunday, 10 July 2016

Static Awareness: An Insight Into The Indian States (GOA)

Dear Readers,
Today, we are discussing the state GOA.




Goa, a tiny emerald land on the west coast of India, the 25th State in the Union of States of India, was liberated from Portuguese rule in 1961. It was part of Union territory of Goa, Daman & Diu till 30 May 1987 when it was carved out to form a separate State. Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture. Goa is India's smallest State-with the largest heart.

Capital city : Panaji

Chief Minister : Laxmikant Parsekar

Governor : Mridula Sinha

High Court  : High Court of Bombay at Goa- Altinho, Panjim

Chief Justice : Dhirendra Hiralal Waghela

Number of Districts: 2 (North Goa District, South Goa District)

Speciality:  Goa is endowed with Mineral Resources. Iron ore, Manganese ore, Bauxite are minerals of economic importance. Besides there are minor minerals like Basalt, Laterite stones and rubbles, River sand, Murrum etc., which are in great demand as construction material.

National Parks :

Sl.No.
Name of National Park
Special Species (if any important)
Important Remarks
1.
Bhagwan Mahavir (Mollem) National Park
Gaur, Sambar, Leopards, Spotted Deer, Slender Toris, Jungle Cats, Malayan Giant Squirrels
located in the Goan town of Mollem, situated on the eastern border of Goa
2.
Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
flying foxes, jackals and crocodiles
Goa's only bird sanctuary, area consists of mangrove vegetation

Important Dams, Rivers and Lakes:

Dams

Sl.No.
Dam
River
Nearest City
Purpose/Project
1.
Salaulim Dam
Sanguem
Sanguem
Irrigation
2.
Anjunam Dam
Mandovi
Satari
Irrigation

Rivers

Sl.No.
River
Remarks
1.
Mandovi
described as the lifeline of the indian state of Goa.Mandovi joins with the Zuari at a common point at Cabo Aguada, forming the Mormugao harbour.             
2.
Chapora
It runs westward into the Arabian sea at Chapora and demarcates the border between the North Goa talukas of Pernem and Bardez.
3.
Zuari
the largest river in Goa, it is a tidal river

Lakes/ Waterfall

Sl.No.
Lake/Waterfall
Located in/near
1.
Dudhsagar Waterfall
Sonaulim
2.
Mayem Lake
Bicholim
3.
Carambolim Lake
Panaji


Important Power generation plants:

Sl.No.
Plant/Project
Type/Category
1
Reliance Energy Limited
Thermal
2
Goa Gas Power Station
Gas Power generation

Airports:
1. Goa International Airport (Dabolim Airport)


Folk Dances:
1. Talgadi
2. Goff 
3. Tonya Mel
4. Mando
5. Kunbi dance
6. Suvar
7. Dasarawadan
7. Virabhadra

Tribes:
 1. Gowdas
2. Kunbis
3. Velips
4. Dhangars


Important Regional Festivals:

Sl.No.
Festival Name
Remarks
1.
Bonderam Festival
celebrated in the month of August, in memory of the protests that were raised by scores of villagers against the unjust and unreasonable system adopted to settle down land disputes and ownership issues of land.
2.
Christmas
celebration of Christmas in Goa starts from the Christmas Eve and lingers on for some time even after the actual date of the festival.
3.
Goa Carnival
It is a four-day celebration that begins on the Saturday before Ash Wednesday. The Goa Carnival is led by King Momo which has its own rhythms of guitars, folk songs and drumbeats accompanied by a colourful parade of floats and dancing troupes.
4.
Feast of St Francis Xavier
held on the 3rd of December at the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Old Goa. St Francis Xavier is the patron saint of Goa. His body has been preserved for centuries and lies in an exquisite silver casket at the Basilica and is displayed every ten years during the exposition.
5.
Grape Festival
Goa Tourism Development Corporation organizes this festival.
6.
Shigmo Festival
This 'festival of colours' in the state of Goa is celebrated as Shigmotsav. This is celebrated to bid farewell to winter and to welcome the season of spring.
7.
Sunburn Music Festival
Asia's largest music festival

Important Temples/Archaeological Monuments/Sites:


Sl.No.
Monument/Temple/Sites
Located in
Remarks
1.
Bom Jesus Basilica
Old Goa
UNESCO heritage site, this church is world renowned to still host the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier.
2.
Se Cathedral
Velha
one of the largest in India whilst being amongst the famous churches in Goa too. Being one of the oldest in the country, the Se Cathedral was built to celebrate the victory of the Portuguese ruler Afonso de Albuquerque for capturing a Goan city in 1510.
3.
Church of St Francis of Assisi
Velha


amongst the revered Roman Catholic churches. Known for its Barque and Corinthian architecture, the church’s interiors are finely inlaid with ornaments. On the tabernacle reside two statues – one of the Christ and the other of St. Francis of Assisi.
4.
Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception
Panaji
17th century structure
5.
Church of St. Cajetan
Velha
resembles the St. Peter’s Church in Rome. Built with laterite blocks, the church has influences of Corinthian style of architecture.
6.
Church of Our Lady of Miracles
Sanguem
Built by the Portuguese government, this church once collapsed before being rebuilt. By 1977, the old church was completely demolished and in place a new church was erected.
7.
Mormugao Port
South Goa district
Goa’s main port
8.
Baga Beach
North Goa

9.
Candolim Beach
North Goa
One of the best beaches in Goa known for its scrubbed sand dunes. Located close to the famous Princess River is known for its unspoiled scenic beauty and serene atmosphere.
10.
Calangute Beach
North Goa
Referred as the Queen of Goa Beaches, Calangute Beach, famous for its golden shimmering sand
11.
Anjuna Beach
North Goa
known for its rock formations
12.
Morjim Beach
North Goa
Referred to as the Turtle Beach, Morjim Beach is nestled amidst verdant locales.
13.
Fort Aguada
Bardez sub-district, North Goa
well-preserved seventeenth-century Portuguese fort
14.
Chapora Fort
near Anjuna Beach
Built by Adil Shah of Bijapur. It was given a new dimension when the Portuguese took over and one can see traces of the Portuguese architecture in it.


Sport Stadiums:


Sl.No.
Stadium
Sport-Purpose
City
1
Jawarharlal Nehru Stadium (Fatorda Stadium)
multipurpose
Margao
2
Tilak Maidan Stadium  
football
Vasco da Gama



Constituency of Cabinet Ministers:

Sl.No.
Name
Constituency
Ministry
1.
Manohar Parrikar
Panaji
Defence





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