Directions (1-5): Fill in the blanks choosing the word that is most appropriate in the context of the passage.
The Maharashtra government has decided that cinema halls in Mumbai will (1) play the national anthem at the end of shows. This is the sort of (2) that makes a mockery of nationalism and reduces it to a mindless (3) . If nationalism has been a major motive force of the modern age, it is because people willingly subscribe to it. Trying to (4) nationalism through administrative fiat (5) a complete lack of understanding of how and why it works.
(d) blurts out
Directions (6-15): Choose the correct option.
Q6. The __________ politician thought that all bureaucrats should be polite to him.
Q7. Paula was __________ as a child, accepting without a question, everything she was told.
Q8. The route between the two cities has always been known to wind its __________ way through steep mountain passes and coarse terrain.
Q9. As there were not enough seats to __________ so many people at the venue of the address, they had to put up a big tent outside.
Q10. This __________ old stone farmhouse has been a landmark since before the Independence.
Q11. The embarrassed host felt that the uninvited guest’s rude comments and offensive jokes were __________.
Q12. A few decades ago, __________ about gender roles made it somewhat difficult for a woman to study veterinary science, but today, female veterinarians are quite __________.
(a) diatribes … affluent
(b) preconceptions … prevalent
(c) Mindsets … poor
(d) lectures … negligent
(e) analysis … prominent
Q13. Greg Chappell was impressed by the __________ of the youthful Railways team.
Q14. During childhood and adolescence, individuals acquire habits that are __________ to good health: which include having a sedentary lifestyle, frequently eating fatty and fast foods, and developing poor sleep patterns.
Q15. Pooja’s disciplined and __________ study habits resulted in his earning numerous honors and awards which also included an academic scholarship.
Sol. mandatorily- required by a law or rule
Sol. tokenism- the practice of doing something (such as hiring a person who belongs to a minority group) only to prevent criticism and give the appearance that people are being treated fairly
Sol. ritual-always done in a particular situation and in the same way each time
Sol. inculcate- to cause (something) to be learned by (someone) by repeating it again and again
Sol. betrays- to hurt (someone who trusts you, such as a friend or relative) by not giving help or by doing something morally wrong
Sol. insolent-rude or impolite: having or showing a lack of respect for other people
Sol. credulous-too ready to believe things: easily fooled or cheated
Sol. tortuous-complicated, long, and confusing
Sol. accommodate- to have room for (someone or something)
Sol. sturdy-having or showing mental or emotional strength
Sol. intolerable-too bad, harsh, or severe to be accepted or tolerated: not tolerable
Sol. preconceptions- an idea or opinion that someone has before learning about or experiencing something directly,
prevalent-accepted, done, or happening often or over a large area at a particular time: common or widespread
Sol. ardor- a strong feeling of energy or eagerness
Sol. inimical- likely to cause damage or have a bad effect
Sol. sedulous- diligent in application or pursuit <a sedulous student>