Directions (1-5): Fill in the blanks choosing the word that is most appropriate in the context of the passage.
Throughout modern times _____(1)_____ states have always co-existed alongside many kinds of tyranny. Similarly, the modern world has always contained _____(2)_____ economic systems – many varieties of capitalism, planned and guided economies, and a host of hybrid economic systems not easily _____(3)_____. Diplomacy and international law developed to cope with the fact of _____(4)_____ regimes. Yet throughout the 20th century global politics was shaped by the project of _____(5)_____ the world within a single regime. The whole world was to be a single socialist economy, administered by forms of governance that were to be everywhere the same.
Directions (6-11): Fill in the blanks choosing the word that is most appropriate in the context of the passage.
China’s decision to _____(6)_____ the head of its drug regulatory agency has rekindled international debate about capital punishment. It is an age-old question, one that harks back to Plato, who in his “Laws” saw the need to punish by death those who commit _____(7)_____ crimes. Supporters of capital punishment usually put forward three arguments to _____(8)_____ state-sanctioned killing of those who take the life of another. First, there is the old law of “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.” In the words of Immanuel Kant no other _____(9)_____ is capable of satisfying justice. Then there is a _____(10)_____ argument: capital punishment deters many criminals from murder. Furthermore, killing murderers prevents _____(11)_____: if released from prison, they might kill again.
Directions (12-15): Fill in the blanks choosing the word that is most appropriate in the context of the passage.
The reality of the world’s epic _____(12)_____ is well known. We have seen how financial engineering in the United States can _____(13)_____ economic growth in every part of the world; how carbon-dioxide emissions from China end up _____(14)_____ crop yields and livelihoods in Vietnam, Bangladesh, the Maldives, and beyond; how an epidemic in Mexico endangers the rhythm of public life in the United States; or how volcanic ash from Iceland _____(15)_____ travel across Europe.
Sol. liberal-willing to respect or accept behaviour or opinions different from one's own; open to new ideas.
Sol. ‘numerous’ fits in the context of the sentence correctly.
Sol. Classified- fits in the context of the sentence correctly.
Sol. diverse- showing a great deal of variety; very different.
Sol. unify-make or become united, uniform, or whole.
Sol. execute-carry out a sentence of death on (a legally condemned person).
Sol. egregious-outstandingly bad; shocking.
Sol. Justify- fits in the context of the sentence correctly.
Sol. penalty-a punishment imposed for breaking a law, rule, or contract.
Sol. utilitarian-designed to be useful or practical rather than attractive.
Sol. recidivism-a tendency to relapse into a previous condition or mode of behavior; especially : relapse into criminal behavior
Sol. Interdependence is mutual dependence between things. If you study biology, you’ll discover that there is a great deal of interdependence between plants and animals.
Sol. determine-cause (something) to occur in a particular way or to have a particular nature.
Sol. Influencing- fits in the context of the sentence correctly.
Sol. Affects- fits in the context of the sentence correctly.