Directions (Q. 1-5): In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between “strong” arguments and “weak” arguments insofar as they relate to the question. “Strong” arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. “Weak” arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
(a) If only argument I is “strong”.
(b) If only argument II is “strong”.
(c) If either I or II is “strong”.
(d) If neither I nor II is “strong”.
(e) If both I and II are “strong”.
Q1. Statement: Should legal professionals of India have the right to go on strike?
I. No, India is already facing a backlog of about three crore cases countrywide due to frequent strikes of lawyers. Another strike will only enhance the grievances of the aggrieved clients.
II. Yes, legal professionals are also a part of our society. If they feel that their dignity, independence and integrity has been lowered, strike would be the only meaningful weapon for them.
Q2. Statement: Should there be a free phone service for children in distress?
I. Yes, child is the father of man.
II. No, this will be misused by children.
Q3. Statement: Should citizens of India have the right to access information from the government?
I. Yes, more than twenty countries have equipped their citizens with the right to access information from their respective governments.
II. Yes, the move would provide openness in government functioning and ensure transparency and accountability in it.
Q4. Statement: Should a rapist be sentenced to life imprisonment in India?
I. Yes, there is an enormous increase in incidence of rape and crime against women all over India and the existing provisions for punishment are not so stringent that the cases of rapes can be reduced.
II. Yes, punishment for rape should be more than that for murder as the rape victim suffers for her entire life.
Q5. Statement: Should proliferation of credit cards in the country be restricted?
I. Yes, the facility provided through it makes a person spendthrift.
II. No, the facility provided through it makes the cardholder high-tech.
Q6. Statement: The government is committed to pursue subsidy reforms by efficient targeting of subsidies to the poor and needy while saving “scarce financial resources” for infrastructure and development needs.
Which of the following can be inferred from the given information? (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can inferred from the given information).
(a)Interest rates on retail loans will decline.
(b)There will be a surge in the growth of infrastructure sector
(c)There will be decline in governments sponsored welfare programmes
(d) Fiscal deficit target for the year 2015-16 will meet
(e) Only (b) and (d)
Q7. Statement: A fundamental faux in the admission process of elite Indian engineering colleges has resulted in 3,200 spots lying vacant at the end of the admission process.
Which of the following may be a probable reason for the seat lying vacant in the college?
(a) A set of rules framed by the joint seat allocation authority
(b) Seat once reserved, not allowed to be withdrawn by the candidates after the counseling
(c) Students only looking for admission to top IITs
(d) Less job opportunity in the market with courses offered by the premier institutes
(e) Ragging by the seniors during the first year of the course
Q8. Statement: The government is likely to put some money in your bank account every month by deducting a portion of the subsidy each family receives through various government welfare schemes and putting an equivalent amount of cash in the account of the beneficiary.
Which of the following has been assumed in the above statement? (An assumption is something that is not directly stated but is supposed or taken for granted.)
(a) Demand for goods and services will go up
(b) Subsidy pilferage will stop
(c)There will be a decrease in corruption
(d) Bank’s profit will increase
(e) Banks account holders will maintain a minimum balance in their accounts
Q9. Statement: Through interest rate subvention scheme government of India will provide crop loan to farmers at just 4%.
Which of the following can be concluded from the above statement?
(a) Financial condition of farmers will improve
(b) Repayment of loan will be done timely by the farmers
(c)Small and marginal farmers will be most benefited from this scheme
(d) Farmers will have to pay less interest on their loan
(e) Only (a) and (b)
Q10. Statement: The premier Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and National Institute of Technology (NIT) are a dream destination for most undergraduate students in the country but a survey conducted by a government agency has found that over 4400 students dropped out of IITs and NITs in the last three years.
Which of the following may be a probable reason for the dropout of the students?
(a) Inability to cope with academic stress
(b) No attention on study after cracking the entrance exam
(c) No certainty of jobs after finishing the course
(d) Allowing parents to stay with the students in the first year of the course
(e) Only (a) and (b)
Directions 11: In this question is given a statement followed by two inferences numbered I and II. (An inference is something that is not directly stated but can be inferred from given information.) You have to consider the statement and the inferences and then decide which of these can be drawn from the given statement and select appropriate answer.
Q11. Statement: New census data on the educational status of India show the biggest increase in the number of people pursuing engineering and technology diplomas or technical degrees equivalent to a graduate or postgraduate degree.
I. Education in India has been boosted up with the opening of new private and government colleges.
II. India has over 30 lakh people with a teaching degree and over 15 lakh people with a medical degree.
(a) Only II is implicit
(b) Only I is implicit
(c) Either I and II are implicit
(d) Both I and II are implicit
(e) Neither I nor II is implicit
Directions 12: The question consists of a statement and two conclusions numbered I and II given below it. (A conclusion is something which can be directly deduced from the given information in light of the given facts.) You have to decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statement and select the appropriate answer.
Q12. Statement: NTPC is under a lot of pressure to expand and deliver cheap power but faces a big challenge as its customers, the state-owned power distribution companies, are not buying electricity due to their poor financial health.
I. Debt-laden discoms have been forcing power generating companies to run their units at less than full capacity.
II.NTPC should enter into distribution business and show existing discoms that power distribution is a profitable business.
(a) Only I can be concluded from the given information
(b) Both I and II can be concluded from the given information
(c)Neither I nor II can be conclude from the given information
(d) Only II can be concluded from the given information
(e) Either I or II can be concluded from the given information
Q13. Statement: The government may raise the minimum wages in the country by as much as 25% and also make them binding on all states, a move aimed at improving the lifestyle of the poor and giving an indirect boost to the rural economy.
Which of the following cannot be a possible effect of the above statement?
(a) It will help the government cut expenditure on social sector programmes and generate demands in the economy
(b) Workers will stick to a job and not switch over to differential wages
(c) Unskilled workers will get motivated to move into semi-skilled and skilled category for a better lifestyle
(d) It will help boost the morale of the workers and reduce corruption
(e) Only (a) and (b)
Q14. Statement: Buying curved LED TV on EMI will now be easier online and that too without the need of credit card.
Which of the following substantiates the above statement?
(a) Payment companies are working on a model which will parse the online transaction history of the customers and provide credit loans to them at a click
(b) EMI will be restricted to only white goods
(c)People will be motivated to spend more on shopping and take loans for other purchases
(d) It is a marketing strategy adopted by the online companies to make online customers addicted to online purchase
(e) Only (a) and (b)
Q15. Statement: The Indian Railways had tied up with Tata Consultancy Services to pilot a system to conduct its recruitment exams online, as the country’s largest employer looks to introduce transparency into its operations.
Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the given information? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted).
(a) Government jobs are the ambition of every youth in the country
(b) Corruption is a major issue in railways recruitment
(c) Online examination will reduce corruption and bring transparency
(d) Cheating in examinations will be wiped out
(e) All examinations for major recruitment in the country will be conducted online