Saturday, 19 November 2016

Reasoning Quiz for IBPS PO Mains 2016

Reasoning-Questions-for-IBPS-PO-Mains-Exam-2016

Directions (1-5): In each of the following questions, a statement followed by two conclusions is given. You have to select a conclusion that follows from the statement. Choose
(a) If only conclusion (I) follows
(b) If only conclusion (II) follows
(c) If either (I) or (II) follows
(d) If neither (I) nor (II) follows
(e) If both (I) and (II) follow

Q1. Statement: 
Swarnlipi has scored the highest marks in the board exam in her state including all streams.
Conclusions: 
I. Swarnlipi has scored the highest marks in her school.
II. Swarnlipi is not interested in sports.

Q2. Statement: 
Headline in a newspaper: “Exit polls can reduce election frauds.”
Conclusions: 
I. Exit polls will help to ensure that elections are fair.
II. Election frauds can be prevented.

Q3. Statement: 
Brazil is the largest exporter of coffee.
Conclusions: 
I. Brazil only exports coffee.
II. USA and Russia are the most important customers of coffee from Brazil.

Q4. Statement: 
All the girls in my family are either swimmers or gymnasts.
Conclusions: 
I. Sayesha is a female member of my family. She is either a gymnast or a swimmer.
II. All the male members are not swimmers and gymnasts.

Q5. Statement: 
All writers are beautiful. Seeta is a beautiful girl.
Conclusions: 
I. She is a writer.
II. She is not interested in writing.


Directions (6-14): Each question below is provided with one or two statement(s) followed by two conclusions numbered (I) and (II). You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Mark your answer as
(a) If only conclusion (I) follows
(b) If only conclusion (II) follows
(c) If either (I) or (II) follows
(d) If neither (I) nor (II) follows
(e) If both (I) and (II) follow

Q6. Statement: 
All hardworking persons are awarded.
Conclusions: 
I. Sonal should not be awarded because she is not a hard working person.
II. Sonal is awarded for her work.

Q7. Statement: 
Tea demand has risen in the first half due to falling prices and the trend is likely to continue in the second half.
Conclusions: 
I. There will be no change in demand in the second half.
II. Consumers are very sensitive about price.

Q8. Statement: 
All the members of ABC housing society have their own businesses.
Conclusions: 
I. Suraj, a member of society has his own business.
II. Vidhi, daughter of one of the members of society will carry on her father’s business in future.

Q9. Statement: 
From the next academic year, Schools are given students the option of dropping Mathematics and Social Studies for their school leaving certificate examination.
Conclusions: 
I. Earlier studying these subjects were mandatory for students to continue their education.
II. Students who are weak in Social studies and Mathematics will be admitted.

Q10. Statement: 
People living in Kerela speak Malayalam. Sidhesh speaks Malayalam.
Conclusions: 
I. Sidhesh knows other languages as well.
II. Sidhesh resides in Kerala.

Q11. Statement: 
Economy of India mainly depends on agriculture products.
Conclusions: 
I. Agricultural practices in India should be improved.
II. Agriculture in India should be motivated.

Q12. Statement: 
Sandhya wants to own an imported mobile phone. She does not need an import license.
Conclusions: 
I. Mobile phones are also manufactured in India.
II. Mobile phones are easy to import.

Q13. Statement: 
These grapes are too expensive to be bad.
Conclusions: 
I. When the grapes are in large quantity, the prices go down.
II. The higher the selling price, the superior is the quality of the commodity.

Q14. Statement: 
The distance of 1800 km by road between Gujarat and Maharashtra will be reduced by 360 km by sea. This will lead to a saving of Rs. 8.64 crores per annum on fuel.
Conclusions: 
I. Fuel must be saved to the greatest extend.
II. Transportation by air is cheaper than that by road.

Q15. Which of the following is the conclusion of the Statement “Private companies’ employees work for six days in a week while government employees work for five days in a week.”? 
(a) Private company’s employees are better than government employees.
(b) Private company’s employees work more than government employees.
(c) The workload on private company’s employees is more than that on government employees.
(d) The workload on both private company’s employees and government employees is same.
(e) The workload on private company’s employees is less than that on government employees.


Solutions

S1. Ans.(a)
Sol. If someone has scored the highest overall marks in the state board exam, then it obvious that he or she has scored the highest marks in his or her school. Thus, conclusion (I) follows. If someone is good in studies, it does not mean that he or she is not interested in sports. Thus, conclusion (II) does not follow.

S2. Ans.(a)
Sol. Conclusion (I) tells about one of the effects of exit polls on the conduct of elections whereas conclusion (II) is a valid assumption and not a conclusion. Therefore, only conclusion (I) follows.

S3. Ans.(d)
Sol. In the question statement, it is mentioned that Brazil is the largest coffee exporter. It cannot be concluded that it only exports coffee. It may export other items as well. Conclusion (II) becomes vague as there is no contextual evidence of USA and Russia being the most important customers of Brazil. Therefore, neither of them follows.

S4. Ans.(a)
Sol. It is mentioned in the statement that all the girls are either swimmers or gymnasts. Conclusion (II) falls on the same lines. However, nothing is mentioned about male members. Hence, we cannot conclude anything about them. Only conclusion (I) follows.

S5. Ans.(d)
Sol. According to the statement, all writers are beautiful but it is not a necessity that all beautiful persons are writers. Thus, conclusion (I) does not follow. Conclusion (II) is vague as the question statement does not talk about any interest or choice. Therefore, either conclusion does not follow.

S6. Ans.(a)
Sol. As conclusion (I) and statement both correlate with ‘hard work’ and ‘award’ so conclusion (I) follows. Also, conclusion (II) is not correct because it does not indicate anything, which is described in the given statement.

S7. Ans.(b)
Sol. Increase in demand of tea is due to the falling prices so conclusion (II) can be concluded.

S8. Ans.(a)
Sol. The first conclusion follows the statement as Suraj is a member of the society whose members have their own businesses. While Vidhi being a daughter of one of the member of the society has the freedom of choosing her career.

S9. Ans.(e)
Sol. Both the conclusions follow the statement as according to the statement, a new system of education will come in effect from the next academic year which will allow the students to drop mathematics and social studies so that weak students will also get admission.

S10. Ans.(d)
Sol. Neither of the conclusions follows the statement as the statement does not indicate anything about the other languages known to Sidhesh. Also knowing Malayalam does not mean that Sidhesh resides in Kerela.

S11. Ans.(b)
Sol. Second conclusion follows the statement as the statement infers that the Indian economy depends on agricultural products so it should be motivated. But it does not indicate anything related to any problem with its agricultural practices.

S12. Ans.(d)
Sol. Both the conclusions are generalized statements and are not directly related to the statement as the statement does not indicate anything about their manufacturing or their media of import.

S13. Ans.(b)
Sol. The second conclusion follows the statement as it infers the grapes are expensive so that they can’t be bad. First conclusion is true but does not follow the statement as it does not indicate anything about the relation between production and the price of grapes.

S14. Ans.(a)
Sol. The first conclusion follows the statement as the statements stress on saving the fuel but it does not indicate anything about air transportation so the second conclusion does not follow.

S15. Ans.(b)
Sol. Since the statement indicates the working hours of private company’s employees as more than that of government employees, they do work more than the government employees. But it does not infer anything about their workload or performance.

 








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