Thursday, 17 November 2016

Reasoning Quiz for IBPS PO Mains 2016

Reasoning-Questions-for-IBPS-PO-Mains-Exam-2016

Directions (1-3): In the following questions, a situation or a fact is provided followed by two suggested course of actions. A course of action is a step of administrative decision taken for improvement or follow-up action. Read the situation and then decide which of the given courses of action follow. Mark your answer as
(a) If only course of action (I) follows
(b) If only course of action (II) follows
(c) If both the course of action follow
(d) If neither (I) nor (II) course of action follows
(e) If given data is inadequate or more information is required

Q1. A boy was caught pick pocketing.
Courses of action:
I. The boy should be beaten up so that he does not try it again.
II. The boy should be handed over to a child welfare society.

Q2. It has been observed that within three to five years, India would face a critical BoP (Balance of Payments) crisis.
Courses of action:
I. India should offer special incentives to its export oriented industries.
II. Custom duties on import should be hiked.

Q3. People from the younger generation often explore illicit contents.
Courses of action:
I. Such individuals should be punished.
II. Any easily available illicit contents should be banned. 

Directions (4-5): Each question below is provided with a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions, and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Mark your answer as
(a) If only assumption (I) is implicit
(b) If only assumption (II) is implicit
(c) If either (I) or (II) is implicit
(d) If neither (I) nor (II) is implicit
(e) If both (I) and (II) are implicit

Q4. Statement:
Opening a library in place XYZ will be a wastage.
Assumptions:
I. Inhabitants of place XYZ are illiterate.
II. Inhabitants of place XYZ are not interested in reading.

Q5. Statement:
If the importance of educational certificates is ignored in the job sector, students will think a lot before joining a college.
Assumptions:
I. Students join college for education as well as to obtain jobs.
II. There is no use of a degree to get a job.

Directions (6-10): Each question below is provided with one or two statement(s) followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Mark your answer as
(a) If only conclusion (I) follows
(b) If only conclusion (II) follows
(c) If either (I) or (II) follows
(d) If neither (I) nor (II) follows
(e) If both (I) and (II) follow

Q6. Statement:
Woolen clothes work as a bullet proof jacket for cold in winters.
Conclusions:
I. Woolen clothes are the only way to get protection from cold in winter.
II. Woolen clothes surely protect us from the cold or winter.

Q7. Statement:
Angola is the most expensive country.
Conclusions:
I. Singapore is less expensive than Angola.
II. Switzerland is the cheapest country.

Q8. Statement:
Food in the Suhani restaurant is very expensive.
Conclusions:
I. The restaurant has a good ambience.
II. The quality of their food is very good.

Q9. Statement:
Mehul scored 96% marks in the examination.
Conclusions:
I. Mehul is a bright student.
II. Mehul topped in his class.
Q10. Statement:
Irregularity is a cause for failure in exams. Some regular students fail in the exams.
Conclusion:
I. Some successful students are irregular.
II. All successful students are not regular.

Directions (11-15): In each of the following questions, a statement followed by two conclusions is given. You have to select a conclusion that follows the statement. Choose
(a) If only conclusion (I) follows
(b) If only conclusion (II) follows
(c) If either (I) or (II) follows
(d) If neither (I) nor (II) follows
(e) If both (I) and (II) follow

Q11. Statements:
Australia won the third test match against England by 307 runs. The greatest contribution was from the bowlers.
Conclusions:
I. Most Australia players are bowlers.
II. It was Australia’s biggest win against England.

Q12. Statements:
Intake of Vitamin A reduces the chances of night blindness.
Conclusions:
I. All ophthalmologists take Vitamin A.
II. We should take Vitamin A to prevent night blindness. 

Q13. Statements:
Most students in agro business management are smart.
Conclusions:
I. Some students of agro business management are not smart.
II. Most students of General Management are intelligent.

Q14. Statements:
A man must be hard working for being competent. Competent people are talkative and flamboyant.
Conclusions:
I. All the hard workers are flamboyant.
II. All the hard workers are competent.

Q15. Statements:
It is sometimes assumed that corruption is due to poverty and gross disparities. But it is an uncalled-for slur on the poor because the poor in India are among the most upright persons.
Conclusions:
I. Disparities in income make the people corrupt.
II. Upright persons cannot be corrupt.



Solutions

S1. Ans.(b)
Sol. Here ‘beaten up’ is not an appropriate course of action for the boy since it would not change his behaviour of pickpocketing. Handing him over to a child welfare society is a way to improve his habit.

S2. Ans.(a)
Sol. To solve the critical crisis of BoP,  courses of actions I is required.

S3. Ans.(b)
Sol. Illicit contents should be banned by the authorities because punished is not an appropriate and permanent solution for the given situation. Therefore only course of action (II) follows.

S4. Ans.(d)
Sol. Statement infers only about opening a library in place XYZ. There is no indication of anything related to inhabitants of that place. In this way, both given assumptions are independent and treated individually. Therefore neither of the assumptions is implicit.

S5. Ans.(a)
Sol. The given statement directly indicates that getting a job is the major reason for students to join a college. Therefore only assumption (I) is implicit. Assumption (II) is incorrect as it is unrelated with the statement.

S6. Ans.(b)
Sol. Woolen clothes are not the only way to protect from the cold in winter. There are a number of alternate ways. So, conclusion (I) is not valid. It is a proven fact that woolen clothes surely protect from the cold during winters. Thus conclusion (II) follows the statement.

S7. Ans.(a)
Sol. The first conclusion follows the statement as Angola is the most expensive country so every other country will be less expensive than that. While the statement does not infer anything about the cheapest country or Switzerland.

S8. Ans.(d)
Sol. The given statement only infers that the food of that restaurant is expensive but does not infer anything about the ambience and quality of the food.

S9. Ans.(a)
Sol. The first conclusion follows the statement as the student who secures 96% marks would be a bright student but he may or may not be the topper of his class.

S10. Ans.(d)
Sol. Both conclusions do not follow the statement as the statement clearly infers that all irregular and some regular students fail the exams. It means that all successful students are regular but not all regular students are successful.

S11. Ans.(d)
Sol. Neither of the statements follows as conclusions are given or hinted in the statement. If the greatest contribution was from bowlers, it cannot be concluded that majority of players in the team are bowlers. There is no information about margin of win.

S12. Ans.(b)
Sol. Only conclusion (II) follows. It is not necessary that an eye specialist (ophthalmologist) will take Vitamin A. Moreover, it is not mentioned and hinted in the question statement as well. Conclusion (II) is a general conclusion which tells that we should take Vitamin A as it prevents night blindness whose evidence is present in the question statement.

S13. Ans.(a)
Sol. Only conclusion (I) follows. If most students (not all students) of agro business management are smart, it is possible that some of them are not smart. If in the question statement it was mentioned that ‘all students …’ instead of ‘most students….’ then this conclusion would have been invalid. Conclusion (II) is invalid as there is no information regarding general management students in the question statement. Thus, it will not follow.

S14. Ans.(d)
Sol. In order to be competent, a man must be hard working but the converse is not true. So we cannot conclude that all hard workers are flamboyant. Thus, (I) cannot be concluded. Following the same logic. Conclusion (II) cannot be concluded.

S15. Ans.(b)
Sol. The second conclusion definitely follows as the main statement sets an opposition when it says that the poor in India are amongst the ‘most upright persons’. The first conclusion cannot be logically derived as it talks about income disparities while the question statements mentions disparities in general.


 







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