Friday, 21 April 2017

Phrasal Verbs Study Notes-IV For SBI PO and NIACL 2017



Dear Students, As we all know that the most challenging exam, SBI PO exam, is Scheduled in the last week of April month. You have hardly two weeks left for the exam to commence. English section is the trickiest among them all. Today, onward we will be publishing Rules and Exam strategy to tackle the English section with ease and poise. Today, in the post we have compiled 50 most frequently used “Phrasal Verbs”. Phrasal verb is a verb combined with a preposition or adverb or both. These phrasal verbs are Versatile in nature. They can play multiple roles in a sentence. And also, can be asked in the exam questions in many ways. For ex- In Reading Comprehension, sentence improvements, cloze tests, sentence corrections, fill in the blanks,  phrasal connectors etc. there might be even more applications of phrasal verbs in Competitive exam English section.

So, we advise you to read, memorize and learn all the important phrasal verbs. We will keep publishing such notes every day. Stay tuned for More. We wish good luck and success in the exams. We have provided the notes on Phrasal verbs Part-I, II and III. numbered 1-150 in previous posts, today we will continue from 151 onward..
151. pass out (2. separable): distribute.
Example 1→ “Everyone in the room needs one of these information sheets. Who will help me pass them out?”

152. pick out (separable): choose; select.
Example 1→ “Billy’s grandmother especially liked her birthday card because Billy had picked it out himself.”

153. pick up (1. separable): lift; take up.
Example 1→ “Those book don’t belong on the floor. Will you help me pick them up?”

154. pick up (2. separable): arrange to meet someone and give her/him a ride.
Example 1→ “Of course we can go there together. What time should I pick you up?”

155. pick up (3. separable): get; buy.
Example 1→ “The children just drank the last of the milk. Could you pick some more up on your way home this evening?”

156. pick up (inseparable): become better; improve.
Example 1→ “He was feeling a little tired, so he drank a glass of orange juice. It picked him up enough to finish his work.”

157. pick on (inseparable): bully; intentionally try to make someone upset.
Example 1→ “You should be ashamed of teasing your little brother, Bob! Pick on someone your own size!”

158. pitch in (no object): help; join together to accomplish something.
Example 1→ “We’ll be finished soon if everyone pitches in.”

159. pull over (no object): drive a vehicle to the side of the road.
Example 1→ “When the policeman indicated that I should pull over, I knew he was going to give me a ticket.”

160. put away (separable): return something to the proper place.
Example 1→ “I just took these clothes out of the dryer. Will you help me put them away?”

161. put off (1. separable): postpone; delay; avoid
Example 1→ “I can’t put this work off any longer. If I don’t do it soon, it’ll be impossible to finish it in time.”
Example 2→ “When will Mr. Smith agree to a meeting? I keep asking for an appointment, but he keeps putting me off.”

162. put on (1. separable): begin to wear; don.
Example 1→ “It’s a little bit chilly outside. You'd better put a sweater on.”

163. put on (2. separable): try to make someone believe something that is ridiculous or untrue.
Example 1→ “Don’t believe a word of what Jim was saying. He was just putting us on.”

164. put (someone) out (separable): inconvenience someone.
Example 1→ “I hate to put you out, but I need a ride to the train station and hope you can take me.”

165. put up (1. separable): return something to the proper place.
Example 1→ “Your toys are all over the floor, Timmy. Please put them up.”

166. put up (2. separable): provide someone with a place to sleep.
Example 1→ “There’s no need for you to check into a hotel. I’ll be happy to put you up.”

167. put up with (inseparable): tolerate.
Example 1→ “It’s really important to come to work on time. The boss won’t put up with tardiness.”

168. put back (separable): return something to the proper place.
Example 1→ “I’ve finished with these books. Do you want me to put them back on the shelves?”

169. rip off (separable): cheat; take advantage of; charge too much.
Example 1→ “Don’t even think about buying a car there. They’ll rip you off.”

170. round off (separable): change from a fraction to the nearest whole number.
Example 1→ “Round all prices off to the closest whole-dollar amounts. For example, round $33.73 off to $34.00.”

171. run into (inseparable): meet by chance.
Example 1→ “Yesterday at the supermarket, Jan ran into her former roommate. Before yesterday, they hadn’t seen each other for nearly five years.”

172. run out of (inseparable): use the last of.
Example 1→ “On the way home from work, Art ran out of gas.”

173. set up (separable): make arrangements for something.
Example 1→ “You’ll see Mr. Thomas tomorrow. I’ve set a meeting up for 9:30 AM.”

174. set back (1. separable): cause a delay in scheduling.
Example 1→ “We’ve had some problems with the project that have set us back at least two days . We’ll give you a progress report tomorrow.”

175. set back (2. separable): cost.
Example 1→ “I wonder how much Bill's new car set him back?”

176. slip up (no object): make a mistake.
Example 1→ “You slipped up here. The amount should be $135.28, not $132.58.”

177. stand out (no object): be noticeably better than other similar people or things.
Example 1→ “Good job, Ann! Your work really stands out!”

178. stand up (1. no object): rise to a standing position.
Example 1→ “When the Chairperson entered the room, everyone stood up.”

179. stand up (2. separable): make a date but not keep it.
Example 1→ “Angela was supposed to go to the dance with Fred, but she stood him up and went with Chuck instead.”

180. show up (1. no object): arrive; appear.
Example 1→ “The boss was very upset when you didn’t show up for the meeting. What happened?”

181. show up (2. separable): do a noticeably better job (often unexpectedly) than someone else.
Example 1→ “Everyone thought Marsha would win, but Jean did. Actually, Jean really showed Marsha up.”

182. stand for (1. no object): represent.
Example 1→ “These letters seem to be an abbreviation. Do you know what they stand for?”

183. stand for (2. inseparable): tolerate; permit (usually negative).
Example 1→ “I’m not surprised that Mrs. Johnson rejected your report. She won’t stand for shoddy work.”

184. take after (inseparable): resemble; favour (in appearance).
Note: used for people.
Example 1→ “Both my sister and I take after our father.”

185. take / bring back (separable): return.
Example 1→ “This book is due tomorrow. I guess I should take it back to the library.”
Example 2→ “Yes, you can borrow my pen, but don’t forget to bring it back to me when you’re finished.”

186. take care of (1. inseparable): provide care for; watch one’s health.
Example 1→ “Lois has been taking care of her father since he returned home from the hospital.”
Example 2→ “You’ve been working too hard lately. You’d better take care of yourself!”

187. take care of (2. inseparable): make arrangements (for something to happen); take responsibility for.
Example 1→ “Will you take care of making reservations for our flight to Boston?”

188. take off (1. separable): remove (something you’re wearing).
Example 1→ “Please take your hat off when you go inside a building.”

189. take off (2. no object): leave; depart (often suddenly or quickly).
Example 1→ “Was something wrong with Jill? She took off without saying goodbye.”
Example 2→ “When does your plane take off?”

190. take off (3. separable): make arrangements to be absent from work.
Example 1→ “Susan isn’t here today. She’s taking today and tomorrow off.”

191. take up (separable): begin (a hobby or leisure-time activity).
Example 1→ A: “Do you like to ski?”
B: “I’ve never been skiing, but I think I’d like to take it up.”

192. tell (someone) off (separable): speak to someone bluntly and negatively, saying exactly what she/he did wrong.
Example 1→ “Julie was really angry at Bob; she told him off in front of all of us.”

193. tick off (1. separable): irritate someone; make someone upset or angry.
Example 1→ “It really ticks her off when someone is late for an appointment.”

194. tick off (2. separable): show that something has been completed by putting a tick (check) beside it.
Example 1→ “Here are the things you need to do. Tick each one off when you finish it.”

195. throw away (separable): discard; put in the garbage.
Example 1→ “You shouldn’t throw those newspapers away; they’re recyclable.”

196. throw out (1. separable): discard; put in the garbage.
Example 1→ “This food smells bad. You’d better throw it out.”

197. throw out (2. separable): forcibly make someone leave (usually because of bad behavior).
Example 1→ “Those people are drunk and making everyone uncomfortable. The manager should throw them out.”

198. throw up (usually no object; with an object, separable): vomit.
Example 1→ “Paul was so nervous about his job interview that he threw up just before he left for it.”

199. try on (separable): wear something briefly to check its fit, how it looks, etc.
Example 1→ “I’m not sure that the jacket is large enough. May I try it on?”

200. try out (separable): use a machine briefly to determine how well it works.
Example 1→ “I really like the way this car looks. May I try it out?”

201. try out (for) (inseparable): try to win a place on a team or other organization.
Example 1→ “I know you want to be on the football team. Are you going to try out?”
Example 2→ “If you like to sing, you should try out for the choir.”

202. turn around (1. usually no object): move so that you are facing the opposite direction.
Example 1→ “Everyone turned around and stared when I entered the meeting late.”

203. turn around (2. separable): move so that someone / something is facing the opposite direction.
Example 1→ “I don’t want this chair facing the window. Will you help me turn it around?”

204. turn around (3. separable): make changes so that something that was unprofitable is profitable.
Example 1→ “The company was doing poorly until it hired a new president. He turned it around in about six months and now it’s doing quite well.”

205. turn down (1. separable): decrease the volume.
Example 1→ “Your music is giving me a headache! Please turn it down or use your headphones!”

206. turn down (2. separable): refuse.
Example 1→ “I thought I could borrow some money from Joe, but when I asked, he turned me down.”

207. turn in (1. separable): give/deliver/submit to someone.
Example 1→ “I’ve written my report, but I haven’t turned it in.”

208. turn in (2. no object): go to bed.
Example 1→ “I’m pretty tired. I guess I’ll turn in.”

209. turn in (3. separable): report or deliver wrongdoers to the authorities.
Example 1→ “Two days after the robbery, the thieves turned themselves in.”

210. turn off (1. separable): stop by turning a handle or switch.
Example 1→ “I’m cold. Do you mind if I turn the air conditioner off?”

211. turn off (2. separable): bore; repel (very informal).
Example 1→ “That music turns me off. Please play something else!”

212. turn on (1. separable): start by turning a handle or switch.
Example 1→ “It’s cold in here. I’m going to turn the heater on

213. turn on (2. separable): interest very much; excite (very informal).
Example 1→ “What kind of music turns you on?”

214. turn up (1. separable): increase the volume.
Example 1→ “I can barely hear the TV. Can you turn it up a little?”

215. turn up (2. no object): appear unexpectedly.
Example 1→ “We were all surprised when Pam turned up at the party. We didn’t even know she was in town.”

216. wait on (1. inseparable): serve (usually customers in a restaurant, shop, etc.)
Example 1→ “I want to make a complaint. The person who just waited on me was very impolite.”

217. wait for (inseparable): wait until someone/something arrives or is finished with something else.
Example 1→ “When will Kenny be finished with work? I’ve been waiting for him for almost an hour!”
Example 2→ “I’m tired of waiting for the bus. I guess I’ll take a taxi instead.”

218. wake up (1. no object): stop sleeping.
Example 1→ “I usually wake up around 5:00 AM each day.”

219. wake up (2. separable): rouse someone; cause someone to stop sleeping.
Example 1→ “I have an important meeting tomorrow and I’m afraid I won’t hear my alarm. Will you wake me up at 6:00 AM?”

220. watch out for (inseparable): be careful of; beware of.
Example 1→ “There’s a school at the end of this block. Watch out for children crossing the street."
Example 2→ “If you take that road, watch out for ice during the winter.”

221. wear out (1. separable): wear something / use something until it can no longer be worn / be used.
Example 1→ “I need a new pencil sharpener. I wore this one out.”
Example 2→ “I suppose I should get some new shoes. I’ve almost worn this pair out.”

222. wear out (2. separable): cause to become exhausted; cause to become very tired.
Example 1→ “I had four different meetings today. They wore me out.”

223. work out (1. no object): exercise (usually in a gym, etc.) to build muscles, body tone, etc.
Example 1→ “Instead of eating lunch on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, Sheila goes to the recreation center to work out.”

224. work out (2. separable): solve a problem / resolve a difficult situation (usually by working together).
Example 1→ “I know we disagree on many points, but I believe we can work things out.”

225. wrap up (1. no object): wear enough clothes to keep warm.
Example 1→ “It’s really cold today. Be sure you wrap up when you leave the house.”

226. wrap up (2. separable): finish something; bring something to a conclusion.
Example 1→ “We’ve been talking about the problem for nearly three hours. I hope we’ll be able to wrap the discussion up soon.”

227. write down (separable): record something in writing.
Example 1→ “Could you tell me your e-mail address again? I want to write it down.”

228. write up (separable): record; report in writing.
Example 1→ “You’ll need to make a report on your business meetings. Be sure you write them up as soon as possible after you return from your trip.”

229. zonk out (no object): fall asleep quickly because of exhaustion.
Example 1→ “I intended to go shopping after work, but I was so tired that I zonked out as soon as I got home.”


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