Thursday, 5 October 2017

The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS RRB 2017

Dear Readers,
Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words in English daily from our English Vocabulary for IBPS PO, IBPS RRB, other banking and insurance exams. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few lines from The Hindu.
Example: For the first time since 1949, a far-right nationalist party, the Alternative for Germany (Afd), is in the Bundestag, posing a potentially bracing challenge to Berlin’s predominant political creed of consensus and compromise.

1. Bracing [brey-sing] 
  • Adjective: strengthening; invigorating; of, relating to, or serving as a brace.
  • Noun: a brace.
  • Synonyms: invigorating, refreshing, animating, chilly, cool, crisp, energizing, fortifying, quickening, restorative, reviving, rousing, stimulating, tonic, exhilarative, fresh, lively, stimulative, vigorous.
  • Antonyms: friendly, hot, responsive, temperate.

2. Predominant [pri-dom-uh-nuh nt] 
  • Adjective: having ascendancy, power, authority, or influence over others; preeminent; preponderant; prominent.
  • Synonyms: dominant, dominating, main, potent, prevailing, prevalent, weighty, absolute, all-powerful, almighty, arbitrary, ascendant, authoritative, capital, chief, controlling, directing, effective, efficacious.
  • Antonyms: inferior, minor, secondary, subordinate.
3. Creed [kreed] 
  • Noun: any system, doctrine, or formula of religious belief, as of a denomination; any system or codification of belief or of opinion.
  • Synonyms: doctrine, dogma, faith, ideology, persuasion, profession, religion, tenet, canon, catechism, church, confession, conviction, cult, Weltanschauung, articles of faith.
  • Antonyms: agnosticism, atheism, disbelief, doubt.
Example: With her natural instinct for caution and pragmatism, Ms. Merkel embodied such a stance, one that was seen as a national trait assiduously cultivated to definitively turn the page on the country’s Nazi past.

4. Pragmatism [prag-muh-tiz-uh m] 
  • Noun: character or conduct that emphasizes practicality; a philosophical movement or system having various forms, but generally stressing practical consequences as constituting the essential criterion in determining meaning, truth, or value.
  • Synonyms: advantage, advantageousness, advisability, appositeness, aptness, benefit, convenience, desirability, effectiveness, efficiency, fitness, helpfulness, judiciousness, meetness, opportunism, opportunity, order, policy, practicality, profitability, profitableness, properness, propitiousness, propriety.
  • Antonyms: disadvantage, inappropriateness.
5. Assiduous [uh-sij-oo-uh s] 
  • Adjective: constant; unremitting; constant in application or effort; working diligently at a task; persevering; industrious; attentive.
  • Synonyms: ardently, carefully, diligently, eagerly, earnestly, energetically, enthusiastically, hastily, hurriedly, laboriously, nimbly, painstakingly, purposefully, restlessly, vigorously, agilely, animatedly, arduously, briskly, expeditiously, fervently.
  • Antonyms: idly, inactively, quietly.
Example: To be sure, this seemingly anodyne approach came under sharp attack for its ideological ambiguity, but it was a tactic that Ms. Merkel deftly deployed to blunt the opposition.

6. Anodyne [an-uh-dahyn] 
  • Noun: a medicine that relieves or allays pain; anything that relieves distress or pain.
  • Adjective: relieving pain; soothing to the mind or feelings.
  • Synonyms: anesthetic, narcotic, sedative, soother.
7. Blunt [bluhnt] 
  • Adjective: having an obtuse, thick, or dull edge or point; rounded; not sharp; abrupt in address or manner; slow in perception or understanding; obtuse.
  • Verb: to make blunt or dull; to weaken or impair the force, keenness, or susceptibility of; to become blunt or dull.
  • Noun: something blunt, as a small-game arrow, a short sewing needle, or a short, thick cigar.
  • Synonyms: dulled,  rounded,  dull,  round,  insensitive,  obtuse,  pointless,  edgeless,  unsharpened.
  • Antonyms: needled, pointed, polite, sharp.
Example: It is, however, nearly impossible to accuse the Chancellor of pandering to the extreme right, so characteristic of the centre-right leadership in several European states in the face of the populist surge against the expansion of the EU and globalisation.

8. Pander [pan-der] 
  • Noun: a person who furnishes clients for a prostitute or supplies persons for illicit sexual intercourse; procurer; pimp; a person who caters to or profits from the weaknesses or vices of others; a go-between in amorous intrigues.
  • Verb: to act as a pander; cater basely.
  • Synonyms: cajole, gratify, massage, please, satisfy, snow, soap, stroke, brownnose, fall all over, lay it on, play the game, play up to, politic, soften up, suck up to.
  • Antonyms: anger, annoy, disappoint, disturb.
9. Surge [surj] 
  • Noun: a strong, wavelike, forward movement, rush, or sweep; a strong, swelling, wavelike volume or body of something; a sudden, strong increase or burst.
  • Synonyms: deluge, flood, flow, growth, outpouring, rise, swell, upsurge, wave, billow, breaker, efflux, gush, intensification, roll, surf.
  • Antonyms: decline, decrease.
Example: Angela Merkel’s return for a fourth consecutive term as Chancellor, with a much-reduced mandate for her Christian Democratic Union, marks a watershed moment in Germany’s post-War history.

10. Watershed [waw-ter-shed, wot-er-] 
  • Noun: dividing two drainage areas; water parting; divide; the region or area drained by a river, stream, etc.; drainage area; an important point of division or transition between two phases, conditions, etc.
  • Adjective: constituting a watershed.
  • Synonyms: bowl, lagoon, pan, pool, pot, tub, valley, bay, concavity, depression, dip, ewer, gulf, hole, hollow, sag, sink, sinkhole, vessel, washbasin, washbowl, sinkage.
  • Antonyms: increase, rise, solid.

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