Tuesday, 21 November 2017

Tips and Tricks to Solve Coherent Paragraph| Odd Sentence out




English language section in bank recruitment exams is filled with surprises and new pattern is confusing aspirants as how to study to score max. in English? It won’t matter if you’ve just started Banking exam Preparation or you’ve been preparing and giving exams for quite some years, the dynamics of banking recruitment have totally changed and recently held IBPS PO Prelims is the perfect example. Now every aspirant has a fair chance. With all those changes and induction of logical English, there is nothing to be scared of about “This new pattern English Language section” as there are still some topics which can help you bag marks. Such as Coherent Paragraph questions. 

You may get to see a total of 5 questions based on Coherent Paragraph or Odd Sentence Out.  The good thing about this topic is that you can manage to do it even if you are weak in English as it doesn't test your grammar or vocabulary, you just need to find the connection between two parts. Also, keep in mind that there has to be a continuation of the paragraph when you rearrange the sentences.

Today in this post we've compiled all the important Tips and Tricks to Solve Coherent Paragraph Questions/Odd Sentence Out

What is Coherent Paragraph 


Coherence means "Logical and consistent, forming a unified whole", A coherent paragraph has all the sentences so well arranged that not one could be interchanged with another. And there is a misfit sentence with respect to the theme or the context.

Sentence exclusion is a new twist in the conventional Para-jumble question. A ‘misfit’ sentence is added to the paragraph, which is already jumbled. Out of given set of sentences, one sentence does not contribute to the main theme of the passage. While other sentences after arranging forms a coherent paragraph.
Every sentence contains hints that will help you select the correct answer. Each of the following strategies will help you decipher those hints. Here are some tips to help you identify the out of context sentence easily.


Tips and tricks to solve Coherent Paragraph 



1. Find the common theme 

Take a bird's eye view and find out the overall context the passage. This will help you reach that misfit link of the paragraph. This sentence is "out of context" in the paragraph as it neither expresses the coherence nor supplements to the common theme. One not only needs to find the misfit sentence but also unscramble the remaining para in order to reach the correct answer.

Based on this tip, attempt the question given below without unscrambling the statements given-

Direction: Below in each question, some sentences are given,  find the sentence which is not really contributing to the main theme and OUT of the passage or find the odd sentence and rearrange the remaining sentences to make a coherent paragraph.

Q1.
A. There has to be a shift away from large budgets for collection and transport by private contractors, to the processing of segregated garbage.

B. Improving on the national record of collecting only 80% of waste generated and being able to process just 28% of that quantum, requires behavior modification among citizens and institutions.

C. But what is more important is that the municipal bodies put in place an integrated system to transport and process what has been segregated at source.

D. More than a year after the notification of the much-delayed Solid Waste Management Rules, cities and towns are in no position to comply with its stipulations, beginning with the segregation of different kinds of waste at source and their scientific processing.

E. Neither are urban local governments treating the 62 million tonnes of waste generated annually in the country as a potential resource. They have left the task of value extraction mostly to the informal system of garbage collectors and recyclers.

(a) BDAE
(b) ADBC
(c) DEBC
(d) ABDC
(e) DAEC

S. Ans.(C)
Sol. DEBC is the correct sequence. Statement A is out of context and it does not contribute to the paragraph. In DEBC statements,  Solid Waste Management is discussed.  Whereas, statement A highlight budgets for collection and transport by private contractors, which is not required here.

2. Identify the opening sentence 

Another approach to untangle this kind of questions is to find out the opening statement of the paragraph. An opening statement or introductory statement of the paragraph tells you in which direction, the paragraph will take off.

3. Spot the links

The strategy to solve this type of tricky questions is to decode the jumbled paragraphs first and then pick out the ‘out of context sentence’
All the sentences except the odd one must be following a proper sequence when put together and providing a coherent meaning. So approach it as para jumble question first.

4. Flow contrast 

Read the statements thoroughly and find out the statement that does not go with the flow of the idea when statements are put together. It is necessary to ensure that the idea and action expressed in the jumbled paragraph move in the same line, any sentence expressing a different idea and differing the coherent formation of the paragraph will be an out of context sentence.

Based on this tip, attempt the question given below using Flow contrast Tip- 

Direction: Below in each question, some sentences are given,  find the sentence which is not really contributing to the main theme and OUT of the passage or find the odd sentence and rearrange the remaining sentences to make a coherent paragraph. 

Q.
A. He speculated that both types of sounds were important for sending signals to others, but was unsure If this was true. In the years that have passed since his death, ornithologists have proved time and again that birds’ songs, squawks and shrieks are used for sending signals to their kin, their rivals and sometimes even their predators.
B. Such quick fixes may even be effective, but will only remain under the glare of the media.
C. In “The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex” he devoted equal space to both the sorts of sounds that emerge from birds’ beaks and the more percussive noises that they make with other parts of their bodies, such as their feet and feathers.
D. In contrast, their more percussive sounds have received almost no attention at all. A study published in Current Biology by Trevor Murray at the Australian National University, in Canberra, however, suggests that is a mistake. At least one bird creates a specific, audible warning with the flapping of its wings.
E.  CHARLES DARWIN was fascinated by bird communication.
(a) DCAB
(b) CABD
(c) ECAD
(d) ECAB
(e) CAED

S. Ans.(c)
Sol. Correct Choice is option C. Statement E starts the discussion, followed by C, 'He' is the hint. Here 'He' refers to  CHARLES DARWIN. Then comes statement A, which elaborates "types of sounds", which is referred in statement C. Statement D is the concluding statement. B is ruled out as it is out of context.

Hope you found the above post useful.


         

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