SBI PO : English Quiz

Dear Readers,

                       This is the English post related to error detection, sentence improvement and double fillers. These are very important topics and it is very important for you to understand that these can be attempted with priority.

Directions(Q.1–5): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence, the letter of that part will be the answer. If there is no error, mark (E) as the answer. (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any.)

1. He heard the guard 1)/ blowing whistle and knew 2)/ it is time for him 3)/ to enter the train. 4)/ No error 5)

2.He telephoned from a public call-box 1)/ so that the call 2)/ would not be traced 3)/ to his own address. 4)/ No error 5)

3.It has been better 1)/ to put your money in a bank 2)/ than to keep it under 3)/ your bed in a suitcase. 4)/ No error 5)

4.If you would have read 1)/ the instructions carefully 2)/ you would not have 3)/ answered the questions wrongly. 4)/ No error 5)

5.I can see through 1)/ her sudden friendliness; / 2)/ she wants me to look over 3)/ her dog while she is away. 4)/ No error 5)

Directions(Q.6-10)Which of the phrases (1), (2), (3) and (4) given below each statement should replace the phrase printed in bold in the sentence to make it grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is given, mark (5) as the answer.

6.The inexperienced trainee accidental turned off the lights during presentation. 
1) Has accidentally turn off 
2) By accident turn on 
3) Accidentally turned off 
4) Accidentally turning off 
5) No correction required

7.Attempts by both parties to reach for a consensus have not succeeded. 
1) Reach at 
2) To reach 
3) In reaching to 
4) To reach upon 
5) No correction required

8.Children nowadays are watching too much television.  
1) To much of 
2) More of 
3) Very much of 
4) Much on 
5) No correction required

9.The approach has affectedly the methodology of research. 
1) Have affectedly 
2) Has affect 
3) Has affected 
4) Will affectedly 
5) No correction required

10.The research reported here is based at a survey.
1) Based on a 
2) Base at a 
3) Based on an 
4) Based into a 
5) No correction required

Directions(Q.11-15):Each question below has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank which best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

11.How people would ……… In a particular situation cannot be …… with perfect accuracy. 
1) think, observed
2) act, expected
3) behave, predicted
4) react, analyzed
5) feel, resolved

12.When the mob turned ………, the police opned fire to control the …… Situation. 
1) away, burning
2) up, untoward
3) around, devastating
4) quietly, aggravate
5) hostile, rioting

13. The government ……… down the opposition ………… for a joint parliamentary committee probe. 
1) boiled, proposal
2) shot, demand
3) put, leaders
4) whipped portfolio
5) struck, party

14. The handwriting on the letter was very ……… none could ……… It. 
1) legible, write
2) illegible, read
3) original, reorganize
4) faint, notice
5) shabby, identify

15.The delay in completing the task ………….. can be attributed to their ………… .
1) Expeditiously, lethargy
2) Fully, punctuality
3) Economically, rigidity
4) Religiously, strictness
5) Carefully, perfectionism

Answers :
1.(3) It should be ‘was’ in place of ‘is’ because the other part of the sentence is in past tense.

2.(3) Change ‘would not be traced’ to ‘could not be traced’ because ‘would not’ expresses futurity where as ‘could not’ expresses possibility in negative sense. Here the intention of the writer is to avoid the possibility of being traced out. Hence, in place of ‘would not’, ‘could not’ should be used.

3.(1) Change the first part as ‘It would be better….’

4.(1) The sentence should start as ‘if you had read   

5.(3) The right phrase will be ‘to look after’ in place of ‘to look over’.

6.(3) In order to arrive at the correct option, let us consider all the options one by one. Option (1) – has accidentally turn off. ‘Has’ takes V3. Therefore ‘turn off’ should have been ‘turned off’. Hence reject this option. Option (2) has ‘turn on’, we cannot replace ‘off’ with ‘on’. Hence, this option also is incorrect. Option (3) ‘Accidentally turned off’ is absolutely correct. There is no need to justify option (4) any further.

7.(2) The word ‘reach’ does not take preposition with it. Therefore, options (1), (3) and (4) are ruled out. Option (2) is the only correct option.

8.(5)  No correction required

9.(3) There is no word ‘affectedly’ as such. The correct word is ‘affect’. Because of the use of ‘affectedly’, options (1) and (4) are ruled out.  Option (2) has ‘had’ in place of ‘has’. The use of ‘had’ changes the structure of the sentence from present tense to past tense. Such type of substitution of verbs which changes the meaning of the sentence cannot be allowed. Hence option (2) cannot be a correct option. Now, we come to option (3). We see that there is no change in the first word ‘has’. As we know, ‘has’ takes V3, the V3 of affect ie, ‘affected’ is also written here. Hence option (3) is absolutely correct.

10.(1) The correct phrase is ‘based on’ Options (2) and (4) are ruled out because of the use of ‘at’ and ‘into’ in options (2) and (4) respectively. Due to the use of ‘an’, option (3), becomes incorrect. The article ‘an’ cannot be used before a word starting with consonant. Thus, we come to conclusion that option (1)  is the only correct option. 



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