Static Awareness: An Insight Into The Indian States (BIHAR)

Dear Readers,

In SBI Clerk Mains, everyone got shocked seeing a good number of static questions other than Current Affairs and Banking Awareness. Well, this simply means what SBI is expecting and keeping up to the expectation, you will have to be ready for any kind of challenege. It is quite tough to chose what to study and what not to. Friends, its not easy to prepare current affairs, banking awareness and static awareness all at once and that too a week or two before exam. So friends, we are starting a series that will help you learn static general awareness in a state wise manner. Its classified in this way so that you can remember all the important things about that state. Today, we are discussing the state Bihar.

Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country. Bihar lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the west which provides it with a transitional position in respect of climate, economy and culture. It is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two equal halves by the river Ganga which flows through the middle from west to east.

Bihar at a glance:

Capital- Patna

Chief Minister- Nitish Kumar

Deputy Chief Minister- Tejashwi Prasad Yadav

Governor- Ram Nath Kovind

Population- 10,38,04,637 (according to census 2011)

Literacy Rate- 63.82% (Bihar is the least literate state in India according to census 2011 )

Number of District- 38

Important Rivers- Ganga, Koshi, Burgi Gandak, Mahananda, Punpun, Son, Kamala

National Park- Valmiki National Park located at West Champaran district

Folk Dance-  Jumari Dance, Harvesting Dance, Holi Dance, Sohar-Khilouna Dance, Kajari Dance, Jat-Jatin Dance, Jhijhian Dance

State Day (Bihar Diwas) - 22nd March every year

High Court- Patna (Hon'ble The Acting Chief Justice Iqbal Ahmed Ansari)

Cricket stadium- Moin-Ul-Haq Stadium or Rajendra Nagar Stadium is located in Patna, Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, Patna


  • Buddhist sites - Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, Rajgir, Vaishali, Bhagalpur, Vikramshila, Sultanganj.
  • Jain sites - Vaishali and Pawapuri, Bhagalpur.
  • Sikh sites - Gurdwaras, Patna City, the birth place of Guru Gobind Singh.
  • Hindu sites - Vishnupad Temple at Gaya, Patan Devi at Patna, Mahavir Temple at Patna Sun Temple at Deo, near Aurangabad, Varah Temple at Harihar Kshetra, Shiv Temple at Singhesarsthan(Madhepura), Thawe Ma durga temple (gopalganj), Gopalmandir, Bahraua siv Hathwa (gopalganj), Janki Mandir in Sitamarhi.


  • Shershah Suri's Tomb, Sasaram, Bihar
  • Tomb of Shamsher Khan- Aurangabad
  • Ancient site of Vikramasila Monastery- Bhagalpur
  • Rock Temple- Bhagalpur
  • Buddhist Stupa- East Champaran
  • Raja Vishal ka Garh-Vaishali
  • Tomb of Sher Shah Suri- Sasaram (Rohtas)
  • Three rock inscriptions (Adjacent to Tara Chandi temple)- Sasaram (Rohtas)
  • Remains of ancient fort or Pachrukhi Garh locally known as Raja Bali Ka Garh- Balirajgarh, Madhubani


  • Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport- Patna
  • Darbhanga Airport  (Defence)- Darbhanga Airport is the longest runway airport of Bihar and is operated by the Indian Air Force at present.

Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • Bhimbandh Sanctuary
  • Rajgir Sanctuary
  • Kaimur Sanctuary
  • Gautam Buddha Sanctuary
  • Udayapur Sanctuary
  • Kabar Jheel Bird Sanctuary
  • Gogabil Bird Sanctuary

Power Plant in Bihar:

  • Barauni Thermal Power Station located at Barauni, Begusarai, 
  • Muzaffarpur Thermal Power Station located at Kanti, Muzaffarpur
  • Kahalgaon Super Thermal Power Station located at Kahalgaon, Bhagalpur

Main Cities situated at the bank of river Ganga in Bihar:

  • Patna
  • Hajipur
  • Bhagalpur

Important festival in Bihar:

  • Sama-Chakeva
  • Bihula
  • Madhushravani
  • Pitrapaksha Mela
  • Chatt Puja
  • Sonepur Fair

Some Best Places in Bihar on Your Itinerary:

  • Nalanda University- Rajgir,  Nalanda
  • Bodhi Tree- Bodh Gaya
  • Muchalinda Lake- Bodh Gaya
  • Griddhakuta Peak- Rajgir
  • Rajgir Hot Springs- Rajgir
  • Buxar Fort- Buxar
  • Navlakha Palace- Situated in the town of Rajnagar near Madhubani in Bihar
  • Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall- Nalanda
  • Jalmandir Temple- Pawapuri, Nalanda
  • Patna Museum- Patna

What is famous in Bihar?

  • Muzaffarpur is famous for Shahi lychees and is known as the "Lychee Kingdom".
  • Bhagalpur is known as SILK CITY as it is famous world wide for its silk production.
  • Madhubani Painting also known as Mithila Painting

Cabinet Ministers from Bihar and their Constituency:

Their constituency
Portfolios of the Union Council of Ministers
Ram Vilas Paswan
Hajipur- Lok Sabha
Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
Rajiv Pratap Rudy
Saran -Lok Sabha
Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (Independent Charge)
Giriraj Singh
Nawada- Lok Sabha
Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (Minister of state)
Radha Mohan Singh
Purvi Champaran- Lok Sabha
Ravi Shankar Prasad-
Rajya Sabha MP of Bihar
Law Minister
Dharmendra Pradhan
Rajya Sabha MP of Bihar
Petroleum and Natural Gas (Independent Charge)


  • Oraon Tribes-  Oraon is the most populous tribe among the major tribes in Purnia District, followed by santhal, munda, lohra, kharwar.
  • Lohra tribes- They are found in the districts of Purnia, Katihar in Bihar state
  • Santhal tribes- Various districts in Bihar.

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