BA' Disqus'sion: Preparation for GD

Dear Readers,

Welcome to BA Disqus'sions. SBI recently released GD-Interview(Phase-III) Call Letters and now you should start preparing to face Group Discussion. We’ve already given you some Tips for both Group Discussion and Personal Interview and now we’ll discuss some important topics for Group Discussion. Although nothing can be assured of what topic you might have to face in GD, but still you should have adequate knowledge regarding some important scenarios and topics. 


Today we’ll discuss Inflation. This topic is related to Banking and Finance Sector and if you are a Bank PO aspirant you should know enough to speak about Inflation.

In this initiative a mod will conduct the discussion and all the irrelevant disruptions will be blocked. In this post, we are going to discuss some important points on the topic Inflation for Group Discussion. 

 Only subject related discussion and quizzes are allowed, so if you are on Banking Awareness Quiz, then quizzes and information related to Banking and Finance will be allowed.
☑ No other kind of chit chat will be permitted.
 Any body who indulges in chitchat in this particular page will be blocked right away(Without Warning)

Inflation is the biggest parasite in the Indian economy. In the condition of inflation there is flow of extra money in the economy creating excess of demand in the market for the products as compared to supply in midst of all this hassle the producers grab this opportunity with both arms and if possible with legs too (too greedy these fellows), they mark higher prices for the goods that are excess in demand and this creates a rise in price of the products resulting in inflation.

 Causes of inflation

Inflation is the result of two sets of factors :

Cost-Push Inflation 
Cost-push inflation basically means that prices have been "pushed up" or increased by increases in costs of any of the four factors of production (labor, capital, land or entrepreneurship).
(Aggregate supply is the total volume of goods and services produced by an economy at a given price level.)When there is a decrease in the aggregate supply of goods and services due to an increase in the cost of production, we have cost-push inflation.  As a result, the increased costs are passed on to consumers, causing a rise in the general price level (inflation).

Demand Pull inflation
A situation where the demand for goods and services rises faster than the supply of goods and services. This excess demand increases the prices of the goods and services hence creating inflation.Can be simply said as “ Too much money chasing too few goods ”.Some factors that cause this demand pull inflation are excessive foreign investment,expansionary fiscal policy e.g increase in government expenditure), expansionary monetary policy( eg. Increase in money supply),easy access to credit , deficit financing and others.

Inflation Control
Some of the most important measures that must be followed to control inflation are:
Fiscal Policy: Reducing Fiscal Deficit
 Monetary Policy: Tightening Credit
 Supply Management through Imports
 Incomes Policy: Freezing Wages.

1. Fiscal Policy: Reducing Fiscal Deficit:
Fiscal policy means  how a Government raises its revenue and spends it. If the total revenue raised by the Government through taxation, fees, surpluses from public undertakings is less than the expenditure it incurs on buying goods and services to meet its requirements of defence, civil administration and various welfare and developmental activities, there emerges a fiscal deficit in its budget.To check inflation the Government should try to reduce fiscal deficit. It can reduce fiscal deficit by curtailing its wasteful and inessential expenditure. In India, it is often argued that there is a large scope for scaling down non-plan expenditure on defence, police and General Administration and on subsidies being provided on food, fertilizers and exports.

2. Monetary Policy: Tightening Credit:
Monetary policy refers to the adoption of suitable policy regarding interest rate and the availability of credit. Monetary policy is another important measure for reducing aggregate demand to control inflation. It affects the cost of credit through interest rate.The higher the rate of interest, the greater the cost of borrowing from the banks.Other tools of monetary policy like SLR, CRR, Repo rate ,Reverse Repo rate, open market operations are use to control inflation in the economy by  draining the liquidity from the market.

3. Supply Management through Imports:
To check the rise in prices of food-grains, edible oils, sugar etc., the Government has often taken steps to increase imports of goods in short supply to enlarge their available supplies.When inflation is of the type of supply-side inflation, imports are increased.To increase imports of goods in short supply the Government reduces customs duties on them so that their imports become cheaper and help in containing inflation.

4. Incomes Policy: Freezing Wages:
Another anti-inflationary measure is the avoidance of wage increases.When cost of living rises due to the initial rise in prices, workers demand  higher wages to compensate for the rise in cost of living.By freezing wages of the employee can helpful in controlling inflation.

Some related terms:
Define Deflation.
When the overall price level decreases so that inflation rate becomes negative, it is called deflation. It is the opposite of the often-encountered inflation.
 Define Stagflation.
An inflationary period accompanied by rising unemployment and lack of growth in consumer demand and business activity.
Define Reflation.
Reflation is the act of stimulating the economy by increasing the money supply or by reducing taxes, seeking to bring the economy (specifically price level) back up
to the long-term trend, following a dip in the business cycle.
 Define Agflation.
Rising food prices caused by increased demand for agricultural commodities.
✍ Define Disinflation.
Disinflation is a decrease in the rate of inflation – a slowdown in the rate of increase of the general price level of goods and services in a nation's gross
domestic product over time. It is the opposite of reflation.
 Define Hyper deflation.
An extremely large and relatively quick level of deflation in an economy. Hyperdeflation occurs when the general price level of goods or services in an economy
falls drastically in a short period of time, causing the real value of a currency to actually increase in that time.

Remember GD is about expressing your knowledge and views, the more you are aware about the subject, the more it will help you to put forth your perspective firmly. 

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