English Quiz: The Twisted One

Hello, Greetings!! 

Dear students, English Section is integral and indispensable part of the Bank Exams. In Recent exams, the pattern and difficulty level of the English Section have changed dramatically. So, In order to be prepared for the exam in advance,we are going to provide you "The Twisted ones". These special quizzes will help you understand 'the most tricky scenarios' in English Section of Banking competitive exams. Stay tuned for all types of possible questions that have been asked or might be asked in upcoming exams.

Directions (1-9): Read the following passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the five given alternatives.

Emile Durkheim, the first person to be formally recognized as a sociologist and the most scientific of the pioneers, conducted a study that stands as a research model for sociologists today. His investigation of suicide was, in fact, the first sociological study to use statistics. In ‘Suicide’ (1964, originally published in 1897) Durkheim documented his contention that some aspects of human behaviour–even something as allegedly individualistic as suicide–can be explained without reference to individuals.
Like all of Durkheim’s work, suicide must be viewed within the context of his concern for social integration. Durkheim wanted to see if suicide rates within a social entity (for example a group, organization, or society) are related to the degree to which individuals are socially involved (integrated and regulated). Durkheim described three types of suicide; egoistic, anomic, and altruistic. Egoistic suicide is promoted when individuals do not have sufficient social ties. Since single (never married) adults, for example, are not heavily involved with family life, they are more likely to commit suicide than are married adults. Altruistic suicide on the other hand, is more likely to occur when social integration is too strong. The ritual suicide of Hindu widows on their husband’s funeral pyres is one example. Military personnel, trained to lay down their lives for their country, provide another illustration.
Durkheim’s third type of suicide–anomic–suicide–increases when the social regulation of individuals is disrupted. For example, suicide rates increase during economic depressions. People who suddenly find themselves without a job or without hope of finding one are more prone to kill themselves. Suicides may also increase during periods of prosperity. People may loosen their social ties by taking new jobs, moving to new communities, or finding new mates.
Using data from the government population reports of several countries (much of it from the French Government Statistical Office), Durkheim found strong support for his line of reasoning. Suicide rates were higher among single than married people, among military personnel than civilians, among divorced than married people, and among people involved in nationwide economic crises.
It is important to realize that Durkheim’s primary interest was not in the empirical (observable) indicators he used such as suicide rates among military personnel, married people and so forth. Rather, Durkheim used the following indicators to support several of his contentions: (1) social behaviour can be explained by social rather than psychological factors: (2) suicide is affected by the degree of integration and regulation within social entities; and (3) since society can be studied scientifically, sociology is worthy of recognition in the academic world. Durkheim was successful on all three counts.     

Q1. In his study of suicide, Durkheim’s main purpose was:
(a) to document that suicide can be explained without reference to the individual.
(b) to provide an explanation of the variation in the rate of suicide across societies.
(c) to categorise various types of suicides.
(d) to document that social behaviour can be explained by social rather than psychological factors.
(e) to explain the reason behind the survival rate of suicide person

Q2. According to Durkheim, suicide rates within a social entity can be explained in terms of:
(a) absence of social ties.
(b) disruption of social regulation.
(c) nature of social integration.
(d) (a) , (b) and (c)
(e) only (a) and (b)

Q3. Since single adults are not heavily involved with family life they are more likely to commit suicide, which Durkheim categorized as:
(a) anomic suicide.
(b) altruistic suicide.
(c) egoistic suicide.
(d) (b) and (c).
(e) (a) , (b) and (c)

Q4. Higher suicide rates during rapid progress in a society is a manifestation of:
(a) altruistic suicide.
(b) anomic suicide.
(c) egoistic suicide.
(d) anorexic suicide
(e) None of the above.

Q5. Ritual suicide of Hindu widows on their husband’s funeral pyres was:
(a) a manifestation of strong social integration.
(b) an example of brutality against women.
(c) an example of anomic suicide.
(d) an example of egoistic suicide.
(e) an example of bravery

Q6. Increase in the suicide rate during economic depression is an example of
(a) altruistic suicide.
(b) anomic suicide.
(c) egoistic suicide.
(d) both (a) and (c).
(e) allergic suicide

Q7. According to Durkheim, altruistic suicide is more likely among:
(a) military personnel than among civilians.
(b) single people than among married people.
(c) divorcees than among married people.
(d) people involved in nationwide economic crises.
(e) young people

Q8. To support his contentions, Durkheim relied on the following indicators:
(a) Social behaviour is explicable predominantly through social factors.
(b) Suicide is contingent upon the degree of regulation and interaction.
(c) Recognising sociology to acknowledge that society is susceptible to scientific investigation.
(d) (a) , (b) and (c)
(e) none of the above.

Q9. Basing himself on his own indicators, Durkheim was:
(a) Right on some counts, not others.
(b) Vindicated on all counts.
(c) Wrong but did not realize that he was right.
(d) Substantially correct but formally wrong.
(e) hypothetically correct but morally wrong.

Directions (10-15): In each of the following sentences, two parts of the sentence are left unfinished. Beneath each sentence, five different ways of completing the sentence are indicated. Choose the best alternative among the five.                                                                               
Q10. The telephone symbolizes that awkward __________ in all communication technologies; while it __________ to bring us together, it keeps us apart.
(a) paradox, needs
(b) irony, intends
(c) paradox, tries
(d) irony wishes
(e) moment, joins

Q11. In these bleak and depressing times of __________ prices, non-performing governments and __________ crime rates, Virat Kohli has given us Indians a lot to cheer about.
(a) escalating, increasing
(b) spiraling, booming
(c) spiraling, soaring
(d) ascending, debilitating
(e) sporadic, deteriorating

Q12. The Internet is a medium where users have nearly __________ choices and __________ constraints about where to go; and what to do.
(a) unbalanced, non-existent
(b) embarrassing, no
(c) unlimited, minimal
(d) choking, shocking
(e) restricted, nominal

Q13. The Athenians on the whole, were peaceful and prosperous; they had __________ to sit at home and think about the universe and dispute with Socrates, or to travel abroad and __________ the world.
(a) leisure, explore
(b) time, ignore
(c) ability, suffer
(d) temerity, understand
(e) problems, roam

Q14. Their achievement in the field of literature is described as __________; sometimes it is even called __________.
(a) magnificent, irresponsible
(b) insignificant, influential
(c) significant, paltry
(d) unimportant, trivial
(e) amorous, infidel

Q15. From the time she had put her hair up, every man she had met had groveled before her and she had acquired a mental attitude toward the other sex which was a blend of __________ and __________.
(a) admiration, tolerance
(b) indifference, contempt
(c) impertinence, temperance
(d) arrogance, fidelity
(e) appreciation, fidelity 

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