The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS RRB PO 2017

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The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS RRB PO 2017

Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few lines from The Hindu.

Example: Hours later, in the early hours of Friday, as security forces hunted for the van’s driver, police said they killed five suspects in Cambrils, 120 km south along the coast from Barcelona, to thwart a separate attack.

1. Thwart [thwawrt] 
Verb: to oppose successfully; prevent from accomplishing a purpose; to frustrate or baffle (a plan, purpose, etc.).
Noun: a seat across a boat, especially one used by a rower; a transverse member spreading the gunwales of a canoe or the like.
Adjective: passing or lying crosswise or across; cross; transverse.
Synonyms: circumvent, counter, curb, defeat, foil, frustrate, impede, obstruct, oppose, prevent, stymie, baffle, balk.
Antonyms: abet, aid, allow, assist, encourage.

Example: A Sub-Inspector-rank officer here has been suspended for dereliction of duty.

2. Dereliction [der-uh-lik-shuh n] 
Noun: deliberate or conscious neglect; negligence; delinquency; the act of abandoning something; the state of being abandoned.
Synonyms: desertion, desolation, forsaking, relinquishment.

Example: Respite from rain.

3. Respite [res-pit] 
Noun: a delay or cessation for a time, especially of anything distressing or trying; an interval of relief; temporary suspension of the execution of a person condemned to death; reprieve.
Verb: to relieve temporarily, especially from anything distressing or trying; give an interval of relief from; to grant delay in the carrying out of (a punishment, obligation, etc.).
Synonyms: breather, breathing space, downtime, hiatus, interruption, layoff, letup, lull, recess, relaxation, relief, reprieve, truce, acquittal.
Antonyms: continuation, advance, beginning, blame.

Example: Over 140 animals including seven rhinos and two elephants have perished in the second wave of floods in Assam that inundated 80% of the the Kaziranga National Park Divisional Forest Officer (DFO) Rohini Ballav Saikia said here on Thursday.

4. Perish [per-ish] 
Verb: to die or be destroyed through violence, privation, etc.; to pass away or disappear; to suffer destruction or ruin; to suffer spiritual death.
Synonyms: cease, crumble, disappear, disintegrate, pass away, rot, succumb, vanish, wither, collapse, corrupt, croak, decease, decompose, demise, depart.
Antonyms: appear, arrive, build, grow, be born, bear.

Example: Assam seeks help; plans to dredge Brahmaputra bed.

5. Dredge [drej] 

Noun: Also called dredging machine. any of various powerful machines for dredging up or removing earth, as from the bottom of a river, by means of a scoop, a series of buckets, a suction pipe, or the like; a barge on which such a machine is mounted; a dragnet or other contrivance for gathering material or objects from the bottom of a river, bay, etc.
Verb: to clear out with a dredge; remove sand, silt, mud, etc., from the bottom of; to take, catch, or gather with a dredge; obtain or remove by a dredge.
Synonyms: clean, widen, raise, unearth, bring up, dig up.

Example: SC to hear plea for resumption of CBI trial in Pathribal case.

6. Resumption [ri-zuhmp-shuh n] 
Noun: the act of resuming; a reassumption, as of something previously granted; the act or fact of taking up or going on with again, as of something interrupted; the act of taking again or recovering something given up or lost.
Synonyms: continuation, reopening, restoration, resurgence, revitalization, revival, awakening, rebirth, recommencement, refilling, reformation, regeneration.

Example: The victim’s kin in their plea had sought resumption of trial before the CBI court, after the Army personnel were exonerated by the court of inquiry.

7. Exonerate [ig-zon-uh-reyt] 
Verb: to clear, as of an accusation; free from guilt or blame; exculpate; to relieve, as from an obligation, duty, or task.
Synonyms: absolve, acquit, discharge, dismiss, exempt, justify, pardon, vindicate, disburden, except, exculpate, free, liberate, release, relieve, sanitize.
Antonyms: blame, condemn, convict, damn, employ, engage, hire, hold.

Example: Mr. Dwivedi said a central mechanism would usurp the constitutional duty of the State High Courts under Article 233 of the Constitution.

8. Usurp [yoo-surp, -zurp] 
Verb: to seize and hold (a position, office, power, etc.) by force or without legal right; to use without authority or right; employ wrongfully; to commit forcible or illegal seizure of an office, power, etc.; encroach.
Synonyms: annex, preempt, supplant, wrest, appropriate, arrogate, assume, commandeer, displace, grab, highjack, seize, swipe, take, accroach.
Antonyms: give, keep, leave, let go.

Example: Mr. Dwivedi said this constitutional duty was the cornerstone of independence of State judiciary.

9. Cornerstone [kawr-ner-stohn] 
Noun: a stone uniting two masonry walls at an intersection; a stone representing the nominal , ting place in the construction of a monumental building, usually carved with the date and laid with appropriate ceremonies; something that is essential, indispensable, or basic; government is a free press; the chief foundation on which something is constructed or developed.
Synonyms: essential, foundation, keystone, linchpin, mainstay, pillar, anchor, base, mainspring, key element.

Example: “There is federalism at work... Judiciary is not a monolith,” he submitted.

10. Monolith [mon-uh-lith] 
Noun: an obelisk, column, large statue, etc., formed of a single block of stone; a single block or piece of stone of considerable size, especially when used in architecture or sculpture; something having a uniform, massive, redoubtable, or inflexible quality or character.
Synonyms: block, column, menhir, monument, pillar, statue, stone.


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