The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS 2017

Dear Readers,

Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few lines from The Hindu.

Example: Strident Pakistan presses for UN envoy on Kashmir.

1. Strident [strahyd-nt] 
Adjective: making or having a harsh sound; grating; creaking; having a shrill, irritating quality or character.
Synonyms: blatant, jarring, loud, raucous, vociferous, boisterous, clamorous, clashing, discordant, grating, hoarse, jangling, noisy, obstreperous, rasping, screeching, squawky, squeaky.
Antonyms: quiet, silent, soft, subdued.
2. Envoy [en-voi, ahn-] 
Noun: a diplomatic agent; any accredited messenger or representative.
Synonyms: delegate, diplomat, emissary, minister, representative, agent, ambassador, bearer, carrier, consul, courier, intermediary, internuncio, legate, medium, messenger, nuncio, plenipotentiary, vicar.

Example: Nirbhaya scheme in disarray: apex court.

3. Disarray [dis-uh-rey] 
Verb: to put out of array or order; throw into disorder; to undress.
Noun: disorder; confusion; disorder of apparel.
Synonyms: anarchy, chaos, disharmony, shambles, ataxia, clutter, disarrangement, discomposure, disorganization, indiscipline, jumble, muddle, snarl, tangle, unruliness, untidiness, upset, dishevelment, holy mess.
Antonyms: harmony, order, organization, neatness.

Example: Rohit Bal arrested for drunken ruckus.

4. Ruckus [ruhk-uh s] 
Noun: a noisy commotion; fracas; rumpus; a heated controversy.
Synonyms: brawl, brouhaha, commotion, fracas, fuss, hubbub, quarrel, stink, upheaval, uproar, bother, disorder, disruption, distraction, explosion, fisticuffs, fray, hullabaloo, interruption, racket, rampage, riot, rumble, rumpus.
Antonyms: calm, peace, harmony, order.

Example: The Speaker is concentrating on ensuring that dissidents are kept out of any possible confidence vote, if and when one takes place.

5. Dissident [dis-i-duh nt] 
Noun: a person who dissents.
Adjective: disagreeing or dissenting, as in opinion or attitude.
Synonyms: discordant, dissenting, nonconformist, sectarian, dissentient, heretical, heterodox, schismatic, unorthodox.
Antonyms: agreeing, conforming.

Example: Just as this is done to prevent human-animal conflict, zoning around monuments is necessary to prevent monuments from defacement and to prevent the present from displacing the past by marring historical landscapes.

6. Zone [zohn]
Noun: any continuous area that differs in some respect, or is distinguished for some purpose, from adjoining areas, or within which certain distinctive circumstances exist or are established; the total number of available railroad terminals within a given circumference around a given shipping center.
Verb: to mark with zones or bands; to divide into zones, tracts, areas, etc., as according to existing characteristics or as distinguished for some purpose; to divide (a city, town, neighborhood, etc.) into areas subject to special restrictions on any existing or proposed buildings; to encircle or surround with a zone, girdle, belt, or the like.
Synonyms: banding, bordering, bounding, circumscribing, delimiting, girdling, marking, configurating.

7. Deface [dih-feys]
Verb: to mar the surface or appearance of; disfigure; to efface, obliterate, or injure the surface of, as to make illegible or invalid.
Related forms: defacement, noun.
Synonyms: disfigurement, impairment, vandalism.

8. Mar [mahr]
Verb: to damage or spoil to a certain extent; render less perfect, attractive, useful, etc.; impair or spoil; to disfigure, deface, or scar.
Synonyms: blight, bruise, harm, impair, ruin, scar, spoil, stain, sully, taint.
Antonyms: aid, assist, build, clean, create, fix, grow, help, adorn.

Example: The 2013 report of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) noted that of the 1,655 monuments whose records were scrutinised and which were physically inspected, 546 of them were encroached.

9. Scrutinise [skroot-n-ahyz]
Verb: to examine in detail with careful or critical attention; to conduct a scrutiny.
Synonyms: analyze, check, check out, comb, consider, dissect, explore, inspect, investigate, look over, peruse.
Antonyms: forget, ignore, neglect, misunderstand.

10. Encroach [en-krohch]
Verb: to advance beyond proper, established, or usual limits; make gradual inroads; to trespass upon the property, domain, or rights of another, especially stealthily or by gradual advances.
Synonyms: horn in, impinge, infringe, intrude, trespass, usurp, appropriate, arrogate, crash, entrench.
Antonyms: give, ignore, keep off.

Example: As the files of the ASI reveal, there are also numerous instances where politicians have proactively protected those who have illegally occupied the prohibited zone around monuments.

11. Proactive [proh-ak-tiv]
Adjective: serving to prepare for, intervene in, or control an expected occurrence or situation, especially a negative or difficult one; anticipatory.
Related forms: proactively, adverb.

Meaning: humorous or witty conversation
Synonym: repartee
Sentence: "he developed a nice line in badinage with the Labour leader"

Meaning: the playful and friendly exchange of teasing remarks.
Synonym: wisecracks, crosstalk, wordplay; More
Sentence:"there was much good-natured banter"

14. Sobriquet
Meaning: a person's nickname.
Synonym: alias, by name, cognomen, epithet
Sentence: "she was a vast and haughty person who answered to the sobriquet ‘Duchesse’"

Meaning: underhand, unscrupulous, or dishonest behaviour or activities.
Synonym: trickery, swindling, fraudulence
Sentence: "a firm that investigates commercial skulduggery"


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