The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS 2017

Dear Readers,

Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words in English daily from our English Vocabulary for IBPS PO, IBPS RRB, other banking and insurance exams. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few lines from The Hindu.

Example: Is the media under siege?

1. Siege [seej]
  • Noun: the act or process of surrounding and attacking a fortified place in such a way as to isolate it from help and supplies, for the purpose of lessening the resistance of the defenders and thereby making capture possible; any prolonged or persistent effort to overcome resistance; a series of illnesses, troubles, or annoyances besetting a person or group.
  • Synonyms: annoy, bedevil, beset, plague, badger, blockade.
  • Antonyms: aid, make happy, please, assist, help, soothe.
Example: The anecdote might well be apocryphal.

2. Anecdote [an-ik-doht]
  • Noun: a short account of a particular incident or event, especially of an interesting or amusing nature; a short, obscure historical or biographical account.
  • Synonyms: episode, gag, narration, narrative, reminiscence, short story.
3. Apocryphal [uh-pok-ruh-fuh l]
  • Adjective: of doubtful authorship or authenticity; of or relating to the Apocrypha; of doubtful sanction; uncanonical; false; spurious.
  • Synonyms: fictitious, inaccurate, mythical, unsubstantiated, untrue.
  • Antonyms: true, authentic, doubtless, real.
Example: In the not-too-distant past, all this was welcome because the ‘other’ was either a foreign power or an oligarch or a dictator.

4. Oligarch [ol-i-gahrk]
  • Noun: one of the rulers in an oligarchy.
  • Synonyms: autocrat, boss, chief, commander, despot, fascist, leader, tycoon, tyrant, absolutist, adviser, authoritarian.
  • Antonyms: employee, follower, worker.

5. Dictator [dik-tey-ter, dik-tey-ter]
  • Noun: a person exercising absolute power, especially a ruler who has absolute, unrestricted control in a government without hereditary succession.
  • Synonyms: autocrat, boss, chief, commander, despot, fascist, leader, tycoon, tyrant, absolutist, adviser, authoritarian.
  • Antonyms: employee, follower, worker.

Example: In these circumstances, nationalism had a positive, and liberating, effect. But in all these cases the common consciousness it built was founded on blood, gore, war, victory, defeat, humiliation and jubilation.

6. Liberate [lib-uh-reyt]

  • Verb: to set free, as from imprisonment or bondage; to free (a nation or area) from control by a foreign or oppressive government; to free (a group or individual) from social or economic constraints or discrimination, especially arising from traditional role expectations or bias.
  • Synonyms: detach, emancipate, free, redeem, rescue, save, deliver.
  • Antonyms: harm, hold, hurt, incarcerate, detain, imprison.

7. Gore [gawr, gohr]

  • Noun: blood that is shed, especially when clotted; murder, bloodshed, violence, etc.
  • Synonyms: blood, carnage, slaughter.

8. Jubilation [joo-buh-ley-shuh n] 

  • Noun: a feeling of or the expression of joy or exultation; a joyful or festive celebration.
  • Synonyms: happiness, joy, exultation, festivity, gladness, merriment.
  • Antonyms: sadness, sorrow, unhappiness, woe.

Example: State government insisted that the five persons killed on Tuesday during the farmers’ agitation did not die in police firing.

9. Agitation [aj-i-tey-shuh n]

  • Noun: the act or process of agitating; state of being agitated (to disturb or excite emotionally); persistent urging of a political or social cause or theory before the public.
  • Synonyms: disturbance, turbulence, turmoil, unrest, upheaval, commotion.
  • Antonyms: calm, harmony, order, peace, tranquility.

Example: Mr. Chouhan blamed the Congress for “politicising the protests and instigating violence.”

10. Instigate [in-sti-geyt]

  • Verb: to cause by incitement; foment; to urge, provoke, or incite to some action or course.
  • Synonyms: abet, bring about, foment, incite, inflame, initiate, kindle.
  • Antonyms: deter, discourage, dissuade, halt, neglect, put out.


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