The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS RRB 2017

Dear Readers,
Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words in English daily from our English Vocabulary for IBPS PO, IBPS RRB, other banking and insurance exams. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few lines from The Hindu.

Example: Bans on books strike at the principles of justice that are meant to fortify our democracy.

1. Fortify [fawr-tuh-fahy] 
Verb: to protect or strengthen against attack; surround or provide with defensive military works; to furnish with a means of resisting force or standing strain or wear;  to make strong; impart strength or vigor to; to increase the effectiveness of, as by additional ingredients; to strengthen mentally or morally; to confirm or corroborate.
Antonyms: harm, hurt, injure, let down.

Example: Government of Karnataka. On September 20, the court upheld a ban on a book without so much as considering the implications that such sanctions have on free speech.

2. Sanction [sangk-shuh n] 
Noun: authoritative permission or approval, as for an action; something that serves to support an action, condition, etc.; something that gives binding force, as to an oath, rule of conduct, etc.
Synonyms: approval, acquiescence, allowance, approbation, assent, authority, backing, confirmation, consent, countenance, encouragement, endorsement, fiat, go-ahead, leave, nod, okay, permission, permit, ratification, recommendation, sufferance, support.
Antonyms: denial, disagreement, disapproval, discouragement.

Example: The judgment has been hailed for its erudition, for its analytic rigour, and, more than anything else, for placing civil liberties at the heart of our constitutional discourse.

3. Rigor [rig-er] 
Noun: strictness, severity, or harshness, as in dealing with people; the full or extreme severity of laws, rules, etc; severity of living conditions; hardship; austerity; a severe or harsh act, circumstance, etc.
Synonyms: accuracy, austerity, difficulty, firmness, hardship, harshness, ordeal, precision, rigidity, tenacity, tribulation, vicissitude, affliction, asperity, conscientiousness, conventionalism, exactitude, hardness, inclemency, inflexibility, intolerance, meticulousness, obduracy, preciseness.
Antonyms: calm, calmness, ease, happiness.

Example: But just weeks later, we’re left grappling with the court’s proclivity for illiberalism in Poojaya Sri Jagadguru Maate Mahadevi v. Government of Karnataka.

4. Grapple [grap-uh l] 
Verb: to hold or make fast to something, as with a grapple; to use a grapple; to seize another, or each other, in a firm grip, as in wrestling; clinch; to engage in a struggle or close encounter (usually followed by with).
Synonyms: confront, contend, cope, deal with, attack, battle, catch, clash, clasp, close, clutch, combat, encounter, engage, face, fasten, fight, grasp, grip, hold, hook, hug.
Antonyms: agree, avoid, be immune, cancel.

5. Proclivity [proh-kliv-i-tee] 
Noun: natural or habitual inclination or tendency; propensity; predisposition.
Synonyms: penchant, predilection, predisposition, propensity, bent, bias, disposition, druthers, facility, flash, groove, inclining, leaning, proneness.
Antonyms: antipathy, disinclination, dislike, hate.

Example: The order is the latest example in a litany of cases, going back to the court’s inception, which calls into question the commonly held notion of our highest judiciary serving as a custodian of fundamental rights.

6. Litany [lit-n-ee] 
Noun: a ceremonial or liturgical form of prayer consisting of a series of invocations or supplications with responses that are the same for a number in succession.
Synonyms: catalogue, recitation, repetition, account, enumeration, invocation, list, petition, prayer, refrain, supplication, tale.

7. Notion [noh-shuh n] 
Noun: a general understanding; vague or imperfect conception or idea of something; an opinion, view, or belief; conception or idea; a fanciful or foolish idea; whim.
Synonyms: approach, assumption, concept, conception, image, impression, knowledge, opinion, perception, sentiment, suggestion, thought, understanding, view, angle, apprehension, awareness, clue, comprehension.
Antonyms: being, concrete, reality, ignorance.

8. Custodian [kuh-stoh-dee-uh n] 
Noun: a person who has custody; keeper; guardian; a person entrusted with guarding or maintaining a property; janitor.
Synonyms: curator, keeper, overseer, protector, steward, superintendent, supervisor, warden, watchdog, bodyguard, cerberus, cleaner, concierge, escort, guardian, manager.

Example: In cases such as this one, the court doesn’t see rights as trumps, but rather as abstract notions that lie at the state’s whimsical behest.

9. Whimsical [hwim-zi-kuh l, wim-] 
Adjective: given to whimsy or fanciful notions; capricious; of the nature of or proceeding from whimsy, as thoughts or actions; erratic; unpredictable.
Synonyms: amusing, comical, droll, eccentric, funny, mischievous, odd, unusual, weird, arbitrary, capricious, chancy, chimerical, curious, dicey, erratic, fantastic, flaky, freakish.
Antonyms: boring, common, dramatic, normal.

10. Behest [bih-hest] 
Noun: a command or directive; an earnest or strongly worded request.
Synonyms: bidding, charge, command, commandment, demand, dictate, direction, injunction, instruction, mandate, order, precept, prompting.
Antonyms: answer, question, reply.


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