The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For IBPS 2017

Dear Readers,

Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few lines from The Hindu.

Example: Hardening their position in their first formal response to the appointment of Dineshwar Sharma as the Government of India (goi) representative on J&K, the separatists on Tuesday described the offer for dialogue as “futile and a ploy to strike a hard bargain” despite New Delhi’s “informal” attempts to persuade them.

1. Futile [fyoot-l, fyoo-tahyl] 
Adjective: incapable of producing any result; ineffective; useless; not successful; trifling; frivolous; unimportant.
Synonyms: fruitless, hollow, impractical, ineffective, ineffectual, insufficient, trivial, unproductive, unprofitable, unsuccessful, useless, vain, worthless, abortive, barren, bootless, delusive, empty, exhausted, forlorn, idle, impracticable, in vain, no dice, nugatory, on a treadmill, otiose, out the window.
Antonyms: effective, fruitful, helpful, productive.

2. Ploy [ploi] 
Noun: a maneuver or stratagem, as in conversation, to gain the advantage.
Verb: Military Archaic. To move (troops) from a line into a column; Military Archaic. To move from a line into a column.
Synonyms: device, maneuver, ruse, scheme, stratagem, subterfuge, tactic, artifice, contrivance, dodge, feint, gambit, move.

3. Bargain [bahr-guh n] 
Noun: an advantageous purchase, especially one acquired at less than the usual cost; an agreement between parties settling what each shall give and take or perform and receive in a transaction; such an agreement as affecting one of the parties.
Verb: to discuss the terms of a bargain; haggle; negotiate; to come to an agreement; make a bargain.
Synonyms: arrangement, contract, deal, negotiation, pact, transaction, understanding, bond, business, compact, convention, covenant, engagement, pledge, promise, stipulation, treaty.
Antonyms: disagreement, misunderstanding, break, rip-off.

4. Persuade [per-sweyd] 
Verb: to prevail on (a person) to do something, as by advising or urging; to induce to believe by appealing to reason or understanding; convince.
Synonyms: advise, assure, cajole, coax, enlist, entice, exhort, get, impress, incline, induce, influence, prompt, satisfy, sway, urge, woo, actuate, affect, allure, blandish, brainwash, convert.
Antonyms: discourage, dissuade, fail, halt.

Example: “Comparing the internationally recognised 70-year-old political and humanitarian issue of Kashmir to sectarian war and power struggle in Syria is deception and propaganda. There is no correlation,” they said.

5. Humanitarian [hyoo-man-i-tair-ee-uh n or, often, yoo-] 
Adjective: having concern for or helping to improve the welfare and happiness of people; of or relating to ethical or theological humanitarianism; pertaining to the saving of human lives or to the alleviation of suffering.
Noun: a person actively engaged in promoting human welfare and social reforms, as a philanthropist.
Synonyms: altruistic, charitable, humane, philanthropic, good, beneficent, benevolent, eleemosynary, generous, idealistic, kindly, public-spirited.
Antonyms: inhumane, uncharitable, unkind, unsympathetic.

6. Sectarian [sek-tair-ee-uh n] 
Adjective: of or relating to sectaries or sects; narrowly confined or devoted to a particular sect; narrowly confined or limited in interest, purpose, scope, etc.
Noun: a member of a sect; a bigoted or narrow-minded adherent of a sect.
Synonyms: factional, parochial, partisan, dissident, doctrinaire, fanatic, limited, local, nonconformist, provincial, splinter, bigoted, clannish, cliquish, dogmatic, fanatical, hidebound, insular, nonconforming, rigid, schismatic.
Antonyms: conforming, broad, broad-minded, liberal, nonsectarian.

7. Deception [dih-sep-shuh n] 
Noun: the act of deceiving; the state of being deceived; something that deceives or is intended to deceive; fraud; artifice.
Synonyms: betrayal, deceit, disinformation, duplicity, falsehood, fraud, hypocrisy, lying, mendacity, treachery, trickery, untruth, beguilement, blarney, boondoggle, cheat, circumvention, cozenage, craftiness, cunning, deceitfulness, deceptiveness, dirt, dissimulation, double-dealing, dupery, equivocation, flimflam, fraudulence.
Antonyms: faithfulness, forthrightness, honesty, loyalty.

8. Propaganda [prop-uh-gan-duh] 
Noun: information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc; the deliberate spreading of such information, rumors, etc; the particular doctrines or principles propagated by an organization or movement.
Synonyms: disinformation, hype, indoctrination, publicity, advertising, agitprop, announcement, brainwashing, doctrine, evangelism, handout, hogwash, implantation, inculcation, newspeak, promotion, promulgation.
Antonyms: truth.

9. Correlation [kawr-uh-ley-shuh n, kor-] 
Noun: mutual relation of two or more things, parts, etc.
Synonyms: similarity, correspondence, matching; parallelism, equivalence; interdependence, interrelationship, interconnection.
Antonyms: difference, disassociation, disconnection, imbalance.

Example: The Hurriyat leaders warned that “any Kashmiri to be part of this futile exercise will only undermine our internationally acknowledged legitimate and just struggle.”

10. Undermine [uhn-der-mahyn or especially for 1, 2, 4, uhn-der-mahyn] 
Verb: to injure or destroy by insidious activity or imperceptible stages, sometimes tending toward a sudden dramatic effect; to attack by indirect, secret, or underhand means; attempt to subvert by stealth; to make an excavation under; dig or tunnel beneath, as a military stronghold.
Synonyms: blunt, cripple, erode, frustrate, hurt, impair, ruin, sabotage, sap, subvert, threaten, thwart, torpedo, undercut, wreck, attenuate, corrode, debilitate, dig, disable, enfeeble, excavate.
Antonyms: aid, assist, build, construct.


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