Vocab For Banking Examinations From The Hindu Newspaper

Dear Readers,

Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few lines from The Hindu.

Example: PM goes into a huddle with Jaitley, Shah over slowdown.

1. Huddle [huhd-l] 
Verb: to gather or crowd together in a close mass; to crouch, curl up, or draw oneself together; Football. to get together in a huddle.
Noun: a closely gathered group, mass, or heap; bunch.
Synonyms: disorganized
bunch, chaos, cluster, clutter, confab, conference, confusion, disarray, discussion, disorder, gathering, group, heap, jumble.
Antonyms: arrangement, calm, harmony, individual.

Example: The top-level discussions could be a precursor to some relief measures that may be announced as early as Friday when the GST Council meets in the capital, as the discussions stretched till late evening, compelling Mr. Jaitley to skip the World Economic Forum’s India Economic Summit.

2. Precursor [pri-kur-ser, pree-kur-] 
Noun: a person or thing that precedes, as in a job, a method, etc.; predecessor; a person, animal, or thing that goes before and indicates the approach of someone or something else; harbinger.
Synonyms: or event beforehand
forerunner, harbinger, herald, messenger, outrider, usher, vanguard.

Example: Lightning kills six in Mysuru district; downpour worsens traffic snarls in Garden City.

3. Downpour [doun-pawr, -pohr] 
Noun: a heavy, drenching rain.
Synonyms: deluge, flood, monsoon, rainstorm, storm, cloudburst, inundation, drencher, torrential rain.
Antonym: sprinkle.

4. Snarl [snahrl] 
Verb: to growl threateningly or viciously, especially with a raised upper lip to bare the teeth, as a dog; to speak in a surly or threatening manner suggestive of a dog's snarl.
Noun: the act of snarling; a snarling sound or utterance.
Synonyms: bark, growl, mutter, abuse, bluster, bully, complain, fulminate, gnarl, mumble, murmur, quarrel, snap, threaten, thunder, yelp.
Antonyms: approve, commend, compliment, defend.

Example: Tail wags the dog in Kathmandu.1.

5. Tail wagging the dog: a situation where a small part is controlling the whole of something.

Example: We needed respite after the decade of conflict, the decade of Constitution-writing, and times of communal polarisation and foreign interventionism.

6. Respite [res-pit] 
Noun: a delay or cessation for a time, especially of anything distressing or trying; an interval of relief; temporary suspension of the execution of a person condemned to death; reprieve.
Verb: to relieve temporarily, especially from anything distressing or trying; give an interval of relief from; to grant delay in the carrying out of (a punishment, obligation, etc.).
Synonyms: breather, breathing space, downtime, hiatus, interruption, layoff, letup, lull, recess, relaxation, relief, reprieve, truce, acquittal, adjournment, break, breath, cessation, deadlock, deferment, delay, deliverance, discharge, ease, exculpation, five, forgiveness, halt.
Antonyms: continuation, advance, beginning, blame.

7. Polarization [poh-ler-uh-zey-shuh n] 
Noun: a sharp division, as of a population or group, into opposing factions.
Synonyms: emission, broadcast, circulation, diffraction, diffusion, dispersal, dispersion, dissipation, distribution, divarication, divergence, propagation, ramification, scattering, spread, transmission.
Antonym: collection.

8. Interventionism [in-ter-ven-shuh-niz-uh m] 
Noun: the policy or doctrine of intervening, especially government interference in the affairs of another state or in domestic economic affairs.

Example: In India’s highly segmented labour market, one can still discern at least three demographic groups that are in urgent need of jobs: a growing number of better educated youth; uneducated agricultural workers who wish to leave agricultural distress behind; and young women, who too are better educated than ever before.

9. Discern [dih-surn, -zurn] 
Verb: to perceive by the sight or some other sense or by the intellect; see, recognize, or apprehend; to distinguish mentally; recognize as distinct or different; discriminate; to distinguish or discriminate.
Synonyms: anticipate, ascertain, detect, determine, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, divine, figure out, find out, foresee, perceive, apprehend, behold, descry, discover, espy, extricate, focus.
Antonyms: confuse, doubt, miss, mix up.

10. Demographic [dem-uh-graf-ik, dee-muh-] 
Adjective: of or relating to demography, the science of vital and social statistics.
Noun: a single vital or social statistic of a human population, as the number of births or deaths; a specific segment of a population having shared characteristics.
Synonyms: analytical, numerical, arithmetical, probability.

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