Daily Vocab for Various Competitive Exams

Dear Readers,

Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few words and phrases from articles published in a reputed Newspaper.


ROBUST JOB CREATION IN INDIA: NOT FAKE NEWS

The year 2018/19 is a national election year in India, and in an, ‘’anything goes’’ manner, the political opposition has begun to (1) hammer home the ‘’fact’’ that because of demonetization and other bad policies of the Narendra Modi government, job growth in India has been scarce in 2017. Hence, prime minister Modi and the BJP are (2) vulnerable and ‘poise’ to lose. Politics is uncertain, and the opposition claims, (3) buttressed by an opposition friendly domestic and foreign media, has taken on (4) overtones of a prophecy. Every day brings about some news of scams, or slow economic growth, or even inflation.

My goal is to test the (5) veracity of the claim that the Indian Economy is in a terrible shape and is fighting to create jobs. The number most frequently (6) touted is that the economy needs 8-12 million jobs a year, to keep unemployment and social tensions at bay. Hence economic growth and job creation is the (7) fault line in the Indian Economy. At the time of the national elections in May 2014, India’s macro-economy was in (8) shambles. CPI inflation was running at 9.4% and had averaged 7.8% over the previous 10 years of UPA rule.  In the previous 5 years, 2009-2013, GDP growth has also slowed down-from 7.7% in UPA-I to 7.1% in UPA-II. Not surprisingly, Modi’s election campaign centered around the macro-economic (9) malaise and corruption. Regarding the macro-economy, there is no question that the situation is considerably better today. But what about the all-important question of jobs? Are we in a period of jobless growth, and if so, is Modi’s popularity, and vote, likely to be considerably (10) dented? Political opposition believe that jobless growth is a new Modi phenomenon. Is this the reality, or fake analysis?

1. HAMMER HOME (idiom)=कुछ बेहद स्पष्ट करना
Meaning: To make something extremely clear; to make someone understand or realize something, especially through forceful repetition.

2. VULNERABLE (adjective)=वेदनीय
Meaning: exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed
Synonyms: endangered, unsafe, unprotected, unguarded, attackable, assailable, exposed, undefended, unshielded, unfortified, helpless, impuissant, resistless.
Antonyms: safeguarded, screened, secured, sheltered, shielded, warded, invulnerable, unexposed, unsusceptible.

3. BUTTRESS (verb)=समर्थन देना
Meaning: increase the strength of or justification for; reinforce.
Synonyms: strengthen, reinforce, fortify, support, prop up, bolster up, shore up, underpin, cement, brace, uphold, confirm, defend.
Antonyms: weaken, degrade, debase, belie, confute, demolish, topple, dismantle, confound.

4. OVERTONE (noun)=मकसद
Meaning: a subtle or subsidiary quality, implication, or connotation.
Synonyms: hint, suggestion, insinuation, intimation, feeling, aura, atmosphere, nuance, trace, murmur, meaning, significance.
Antonyms: inharmonious, insignificance.

5. VERACITY (noun)=सत्यवादिता
Meaning: conformity to facts; accuracy.
Synonyms: exactness, precision, realism, authenticity, faithfulness, fidelity; reliability, scrupulousness, ethics, morality, righteousness, virtuousness, probity.
Antonyms: guile, insidiousness, perfidy, slickness, slyness, treacherousness, unscrupulousness, prevarication, inaccuracy, deceitfulness, dishonesty, mendacity.

6. TOUT (verb)= स्तुति करना
Meaning: to declare enthusiastic approval of.
Synonyms: acclaim, accredit, applaud, cheer, crack up, hail, laud, praise, salute.
Antonyms: censure, reprehend, reprobate, admonish, chide, criticize, rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reprove, castigate, excoriate, lambaste, vilify.

7. FAULT LINE (noun)=दोष लाइन
Meaning: difference of opinion that is likely to have serious consequences.
Synonyms: fissure, rift, break, crack, fault, fracture, split.
Antonyms: stand still, stay.

8. SHAMBLES (noun)=खंडहर
Meaning: a state of total disorder.
Synonyms: chaos, confusion, disarray, dishevelment, disorder, havoc, jumble, mare's nest, mess, messiness, muddle, muss, tumble.
Antonyms: method, pattern, plan, system, order, orderliness.

9. MALAISE (noun)=अस्वस्थता
Meaning: a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease.
Synonyms: melancholy, depression, despondency, dejection, disquiet, anguish, angst, listlessness, languor, enervation, doldrums, debility, indisposition, infirmity, illness, ennui.
Antonyms: pleasure, rapture, prosperity, merriment, felicity, delight, ecstasy, bliss.

10. DENT (verb)=सेंध
Meaning: have an adverse effect on; diminish.
Synonyms: diminish, reduce, lessen, shrink, weaken, erode, undermine, crush, cripple, destroy, damage, impair.