Daily Vocab for Various Competitive Exams

Dear Readers, 
Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few words and phrases from articles published in a reputed Newspaper.


THIS EARTH DAY, LET US FIND OUT IF HATE IS BIODEGRADABLE OR NOT

My day started with reading a (1) prominent intellectual liberal’s Facebook post on the degradation of plastic, one of the greatest polluters to ever appear on Earth. The problem with plastic is, it is almost non-biodegradable. Unfortunately for us, before we could realize its ill-effects, it is mass produced and has started and (2) clogging life on Earth, as it is refusing to die a natural death. And yet, we are still (3) churning more plastic in all forms because it is a wonderful packaging material.

On this Earth Day, let us understand that the real threat to this planet is not plastic. It is hate. Hate is polluting Earth and it will kill us well before global warming. When humanity is (4) poised today, it is critical to figure out if hate is biodegradable or not, and if not, what is the way we are going to stop it. Modern India is full of hate, but the prime contender is religious hatred. Though using the H or M word is almost a (5) sacrilege today, I can (6) stick my neck out and be candid enough to say that Hindu-Muslim is central to our nation today. Even today, Hindus and Muslims can be pushed into (7) frenzy mode by referring to a distant past that is not even well recorded in history books.

India was occupied by an alien culture borne of a religion that firmly believed that we are (8) pagans and lowly life forms that they had a religious and natural right to rule. Less than a life time away, and well after Timor, Babur and Aurangzeb had (9) tormented India, British ruled us with an iron fist. The fact that a mutineer’s kid standing on the road of Kanpur just outside Bibighar today will greet a British tourist with a wave has a lesson for us all. Hate is a completely bio-degradable. We can hate only if we are constantly manipulated by (10) hate-mongers.

The only way we can bio-degrade this massive quantum of hate that is floating around Earth right now is to apply reason to hate. Reason destroys hate in seconds.  If we want hate to stop before it destroys the planet, we need a global awareness campaign against it and its suppliers.

1. PROMINENT (adjective)=मुख्य
Meaning: important; famous.
Synonyms: well known, leading, eminent, pre-eminent, distinguished, notable, noteworthy, noted, public, outstanding, illustrious, celebrated, famous, renowned, esteemed, respected, influential, prestigious.
Antonyms: insignificant, undistinguished, unimportant, unpretentious, restrained, subdued, toned-down, inconspicuous, unemphatic, unflamboyant, unnoticeable, unobtrusive, unremarkable.

2. CLOG (verb) =रोकना
Meaning: to (cause something to) become blocked or filled so that movement or activity is difficult.
Synonyms: cramp, embarrass, encumber, fetter, hamper, handcuff, hinder, hobble, hog-tie, impede, inhibit, manacle, obstruct, shackle, stymie, tie up, trammel.
Antonyms: make way, open, unclog, unplug, unstop, untie, loosen, smooth, encourage, further, promote, aid, assist, facilitate, help.

3. CHURN (verb)=मंथन करना
Meaning: move or cause to move about vigorously.
Synonyms: heave, swirl, toss, seethe, disturb, agitate, stir, whirl, whip, whisk, reel, shake.
Antonyms: abate, calm, subside, unchanging, motionless.

4. POISED (adjective)=संतुलित
Meaning: having a composed and self-assured manner.
Synonyms: self-possessed, self-assured, composed, assured, calm, cool, cool, calm, at ease, tranquil, serene, unperturbed, unruffled, dignified, suave, urbane, elegant, unfazed.
Antonyms: offset, changeability, fluctuation, inconstancy, insecurity, instability, mutability, precariousness, shakiness, unsteadiness, volatility.

5. SACRILEGE (noun)=अपवित्रीकरण
Meaning: violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred.
Synonyms: desecration, profanity, profaneness, blasphemy, impiety, impiousness, sin, irreverence, irreligiousness, godlessness, unholiness, disrespect.
Antonyms: consecration, purification, sanctification, reverence, veneration, adoration, glorification, worship.

6. STICK ONE’S NECK OUT (Phrase): Risk incurring criticism or anger by acting or speaking boldly.

7. FRENZY (noun) =उन्माद
Meaning: a state or period of uncontrolled excitement or wild behavior.
Synonyms: hysteria, madness, mania, insanity, derangement, dementedness, delirium, feverishness, agitation, turmoil, tumult, euphoria, elation, ecstasy.
Antonyms: calm, calmness, peace, placidity, quiet, quietude, repose, restfulness, serenity, still, stillness, tranquility.

8. PAGAN (noun)=नास्तिक
Meaning: a person holding religious beliefs other than those of the main world religions.
Synonyms: heathen, infidel, idolater, atheist, non-theist, irreligious person, agnostic, sceptic, heretic, apostate.
Antonyms: religious, devout, monotheistic, believer, holy, divine.

9. TORMENT (verb)=यातना देना 
Meaning: cause to experience severe mental or physical suffering.
Synonyms: torture, afflict, harrow, plague, distress, agonize, excruciate, crucify, rack, mortify, trouble, abuse, maltreat, mistreat, molest.
Antonyms: abet, aid, assist, relieve, reprieve, console, content, quiet, solace, soothe, succor.

10. HATE-MONGER (noun)घृणा-कराने वाला
Meaning: someone who tries to encourage people to hate other people or groups.
Synonyms: agitator, detractor, troublemaker, depreciator, bigot, demagogue, knocker.

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