Daily Vocab for Various Competitive Exams

Dear Readers,
Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word ListLearn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few words and phrases from articles published in a reputed Newspaper.


HERITAGE AT STAKE

The government’s decision to involve the Dalmia Bharat group in the maintenance of the Red Fort has (1) spawned a much- needed debate on the conversation of historical sites. The move to involve the corporate group in the maintenance one of the country’s most iconic monuments is given the scale of the problem heritage conservation presents. The business house will spend Rs 25 crore over the next 5 years on the fort’s (2) upkeep. The money will be used to fund a light and sound show at the fort, and for providing (3) amenities like clean toilets and street furniture.

The ASI, a more than 150-years old agency, is officially- responsible for the upkeep of India’s 3,600-odd protected monuments. But only in the rare instance does the agency shed its colonial (4) mooring. The deficiency of the ASI’s scientific branch have been laid bare in the agency’s (5) floundering attempts to (6) stave off the imprints of pollution from the Taj Mahal.

Since 1994, workers have been assiduously applying Fuller’s Earth to the tombs and minarets of the mausoleum of Shahjahan’s favourite queen in an attempt to provide what can -most charitably-be called cosmetic relief against the (7) grime (8) gnawing away the world’s grandest monument to love. The trouble is that, for the most part, the ASI sees its role as policing entry to monuments and warding of (9) encroachers It has failed miserably, even at that. In 2013, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India reported that more than 90 monuments under the ASI’s charge were missing. The questions then are: Has the agency learnt lessons? Or does heritage conservation require an even more radical (10) paradigm shift?

1. SPAWN (verb)=आह्वान करना
Meaning: to be the cause of (a situation, action, or state of mind)
Synonym: invoke, instigate, contribute, catalyze, actuate, beget, blaze, fulfill, engender, inject, prompt.
Antonyms: crush, dampen, put down, quash, quell, repress, smother, squash, squelch, stifle, subdue, suppress, curb, restrain, retard.

2. UPKEEP (noun)=अनुरक्षण
Meaning: the act or activity of keeping something in an existing and usually satisfactory condition.
Synonyms: maintenance, repair, protection, servicing, care, preservation, conservation, running.
Antonyms: dereliction, disregard, ignoring, neglect, negligence, damage, demolition, destruction.

3. AMENITY (noun)=सुविधा
Meaning: a desirable or useful feature or facility of a building or place.
Synonyms: facility, service, convenience, resource, utility, appliance, aid, arrangement, equipment, frill, indulgence, luxury, superfluity.
Antonyms: basic, essential, fundamental, necessity, requirement, burden, millstone.

4. MOORING (noun)=स्थिरता
Meaning: a source of stability or security.
Synonyms: tying, securing, anchoring, case, encampment, embankment, bunk.
Antonym: takeoff

5. FLOUNDER (verb)=बुरा प्रबंध करना
Meaning: to proceed or act clumsily or ineffectually.
Synonyms: struggle, thrash, flail, twist and turn, pitch, splash, stagger, stumble, falter, lurch, fumble, grope, squirm, writhe.
Antonyms: drift, float, hover, poise, waft, breeze, coast, glide, slide, waltz, whisk.

6. STAVE OFF (phrasal verb) =बचाना
Meaning: to stop something bad from happening, or to keep an unwanted situation away, usually temporarily.

7. GRIME (noun)=सतह पर जमा हुआ 
Meaning: dirt ingrained on the surface of something or embedded in a surface.
Synonyms: smut, soot, dust, mud, filth, mire, sludge, dross, gunge, crud, stain, muck.
Antonyms: cleanliness, fresh, sanitary, pure, neat, bright.

8. GNAW (verb)=कष्ट देना
Meaning: cause persistent distress or anxiety.
Synonyms: nag, torment, torture, trouble, haunt, oppress, burden, bother, fret, rankle with, fester.
Antonyms: mitigate, comfort, pacify, assist, ameliorate, conserve, revitalize, revive.

9. ENCROACHER (noun) =अनाहूत प्रवेष्टा
Meaning: someone who enters by force in order to conquer.
Synonyms: intruder, trespasser, invader, usurper, aggressor, offender, meddler, pillager, interrupter.
Antonyms: ignorer.

10. PARADIGM (noun)=रूप-निदर्शन
Meaning: a theory or a group of ideas about how something should be done, made, or thought about.
Synonyms: epitome, ideal, prototype, archetype, exemplar, ensample, standard, pattern, template.
Antonyms: follower, descendant, imperfect.


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