Daily Vocab For Various Competitive Exams: 5th July 2018

Dear Aspirants,

Daily Vocab For Various Competitive Exams: 25th June 2018
Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list. Here are a few words and phrases from articles published in a reputed Newspaper.
THE SUPREME COURT BOOSTS DEMOCRACY

The Constitution bench of the Supreme Court of India has given a (1) shot in the arm for democracy, for clarity on the role and responsibility of the lieutenant governor of the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi and to the Aam Admi Party government of Delhi in its (2) perpetual confrontation with the Centre. However, in the judgment penned by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, there is also gentle (3) cajoling of the leaders of the Delhi government to give up (4) anarchic tactics. However, the judgment does not resolve the question as to whether Delhi, which is a Union territory with a legislature and a council of ministers, should have full statehood or not. That is not a judicial matter, but a political one, on which the court has legitimately refused to (5) weigh in.

In the cabinet form of government, the advice of the council of ministers has primacy, even in a Union territory that Parliament can technically choose to govern through the President. This primacy prevails in areas marked out in the States List of the Constitution, other than those that have been specifically omitted, as in Delhi’s case: land, police and public order. It is not necessary for the lieutenant governor to (6) concur with every decision of the government of NCT, although every decision must necessarily be communicated to the lieutenant governor. Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal will find himself (7) vindicated on a number of counts, in his (8) standoff with the lieutenant governor acting as the representative of the central government.

While the lieutenant governor has the power to refer to the President any decision of the government he finds problematic, the court is clear that the lieutenant governor has no powers himself, unless faced with an emergency, and that if every decision is referred to the President, that would (9) vitiate the purpose of having a council of ministers in Delhi. Ideally, the NCT should shrink to the New Delhi Municipal Area where the Union government is located. Other parts of Delhi should have the right to belong to a (10) full-fledged state, in which the citizens decide on all State List subjects, including land and law and order.

1. SHOT IN THE ARM (idiom)  प्रेरणा
Meaning: Something that revitalizes, reinvigorates, or encourages someone or something.
Usage: The chief's unexpected praise really gave my floundering project a shot in the arm.

2. PERPETUAL (adjective)  निरंतर
Meaning: occurring repeatedly; so frequent as to seem endless and uninterrupted.
Synonyms: interminable, incessant, ceaseless, endless, unrelenting, persistent, continual, recurrent, repeated, unremitting, permanent.
Antonyms: periodical, recurrent, recurring, erratic, fitful, irregular, occasional, spasmodic, sporadic, spotty, unsteady, discontinuous.

3. CAJOLE (verb)  चापलूसी करना
Meaning: persuade (someone) to do something by sustained coaxing or flattery.
Synonyms: persuade, wheedle, coax, manoeuvre, beguile, blarney, flatter, seduce, lure, entice, tempt, inveigle, woo.
Antonyms: bug, harass, nag, pester, tease, browbeat, bulldoze, bully, intimidate
coerce, compel, constrain, demand, force, oblige.

4. ANARCHIC (adjective)  अराजक
Meaning: with no controlling rules or principles to give order.
Synonyms: lawless, unruly, disordered, disorganized, chaotic, turmoil, turbulent, rebellious, mutinous, illegitimate, illicit, unlawful.
Antonyms: lawful, legal, legalized, legitimate, amenable, compliant, docile, obedient, submissive, tractable, law-abiding, orderly.

5. WEIGH IN (phrasal verb)  विचार करना
Meaning: make a forceful contribution to a competition or argument.
Usage: The President's political advisers also weighed in on the plan.

6. CONCUR (verb)  सहमत होना
Meaning: be of the same opinion; agree.
Synonyms: agree, coincide, accede, accept, acquiesce, assent, comply, consent, affiliate, ally, associate, unite, collaborate, cooperate.
Antonyms: collide, conflict, bicker, dispute, dissent, diverge, object, oppose, protest, quarrel, resist, rival, dissociate, separate, split, differ.

7. VINDICATE (verb)  सच  ठहराना
Meaning: show or prove to be right, reasonable, or justified.
Synonyms: justify, warrant, substantiate, establish, demonstrate, ratify, authenticate, verify, confirm, corroborate, defend, support, evidence, extenuate.
Antonyms: contradict, gainsay, deny, disavow, disclaim, challenge, contest, dispute, question, disprove, rebut, refute.

8. STANDOFF (noun)  बराबर की बाज़ी
Meaning: a deadlock between two equally matched opponents in a dispute or conflict.
Synonyms: deadlock, stalemate, impasse, standstill, dead end, draw, tie, halt, logjam, quagmire.
Antonyms: congenial, agreeable, convivial, conclusion, resolution, decision, amiable, judgement.

9. VITIATE (verb)  बिगाड़ना
Meaning: to make (something) less effective: to ruin or spoil.
Synonyms: blemish, cripple, damage, deface, disfigure, impair, injure, mar, spoil, deteriorate, enervate, enfeeble, undermine.
Antonyms: rectify, rehabilitate, ameliorate, enrich, improve, meliorate, refine, fix, rebuild, reconstruct, renovate, repair.

10. FULL-FLEDGED (adjective)  संपूर्ण
Meaning:  completely developed or established; of full status.
Synonyms: full-blown, matured, complete, consummate, qualified, conclusive, sweeping, trained.
Antonyms: burgeoning, flourishing, undeveloped, unfinished, unfledged, unformed, immature, juvenile, unripened, young.

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