The Hindu Editorial Based Vocab for Competitive Exams : 29th August

Dear Aspirants,

Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. In the recently concluded SBI Exams, we witnessed that a major part of the exam was based on vocabulary. Many questions were vocab based and we can expect the same in the upcoming exams. It becomes very important to learn ample amount of words for the upcoming IBPS Exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List . Here is a list of words from the Hindu Editorial.  Learn the words and make your own sentences on the basis of the given word list.

Father to son: on Stalin as DMK president

As DMK president, Stalin has no challengers from within, but faces a new mix of rivals
In appropriating the political legacy of his father M. Karunanidhi, and emerging as the undisputed leader of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, M.K. Stalin faced the greatest challenge from within his immediate family than from the wider party organisation. That he was Karunanidhi’s son helped him in ways small and big right through his political career, but Mr. Stalin also needed to beat back the challenge from his elder brother, M.K. Alagiri. In the event, his elevation as the president of the DMK on Tuesday was an uncontested process as Mr. Alagiri had been expelled from the party in 2014 on the suggestion of Karunanidhi himself. However, the general council meeting in Chennai that elected him president served as an opportunity for Mr. Stalin to demonstrate his support within the organisation. Many of the middle-rung leaders who had earlier proffered allegiance to Mr. Alagiri fell in line, and backed Mr. Stalin’s claim to the leadership of the party. While Mr. Alagiri is putting up a fight from outside the party by alleging misuse of party funds and assets and calling for a rally on September 5 in Chennai, he is politically isolated now. Unless Mr. Stalin leads the DMK to successive electoral defeats, Mr. Alagiri cannot hope to win back any support within the party. Evidently, he overplayed his hand, failing to see his finesse opportunity while Karunanidhi was still alive. Mr. Stalin, in contrast, played the waiting game, never violating party discipline or exceeding his brief. Mr. Alagiri’s irrational impulse lost out to Mr. Stalin’s studied patience.

For Mr. Stalin, the real worry is not his brother but his political opponents. While the Lok Sabha election is less than a year away, the election that matters most for him, the Tamil Nadu Assembly election, is not due for another three years. Mr. Stalin must be hoping that the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam government of Edappadi K. Palaniswami will not survive that long, being pulled as it is in different directions by dissidents and an overbearing prospective ally, the Bharatiya Janata Party. The DMK, having firmed up its alliance with the Congress, would normally have been the favourite to win against a divided AIADMK, but the entry of film actors Kamal Haasan and Rajinikanth into electoral politics has introduced new variables into the political mix. As he said after his election, Mr. Stalin will need to reinvent himself and the DMK. The Dravidian ideology can do with a reboot of rationalism; and the DMK will have to align its short-term electoral interests with a long-term vision of the development path for Tamil Nadu. As his father did before him, Mr. Stalin must rely on a wider cross-section for support and advice rather than a coterie. In the midst of the political churn, he will have to find his moorings.

1. Proffer: (verb) : प्रस्ताव देना
Meaning: to put before another for acceptance or consideration
Synonyms: extend, give, offer, tender, trot out
Antonyms: accredit, approbate, approve, authorize, clear, confirm, finalize, formalize, homologate, ratify, sanction, warrant

2. Allegiance: (noun) : निष्ठा
Meaning: adherence to something to which one is bound by a pledge or duty
Synonyms: adhesion, attachment, commitment, constancy, dedication, devotion, faith, faithfulness, fastness, fealty, fidelity, loyalty, piety, steadfastness, troth
Antonyms: disloyalty, faithlessness, falseness, falsity, inconstancy, infidelity, perfidy, treachery, unfaithfulness

3. Overplay: (verb) : अधिक बल देना
Meaning: give undue importance to; overemphasize.
Synonyms: exaggerate, overdo, overstate, overuse

4. Finesse: (noun) : चालाकी
Meaning: mental skill or quickness
Synonyms: adroitness, cleverness, dexterity, sleight
Antonyms: inadequacy, incompetence, incompetency, ineptitude, ineptness

5. Dissident: (noun) : मतभेद करनेवाला
Meaning: a person who believes, teaches, or advocates something opposed to accepted beliefs
Synonyms: dissenter, dissentient, heresiarch, heretic, nonconformist
Antonyms: conformer, conformist

6. Ally: (noun) : मित्र
Meaning: someone associated with another to give assistance or moral support
Synonyms: abettor, backer, bedfellow, confederate, fellow traveler, supporter, sympathizer
Antonyms: belittler, detractor, adversary, enemy, foe, opponent

7. Reboot: (verb) :  किसी कार्य को दोबारा करना
Meaning: restart or revive (a process or sequence, especially a series of films or television programmes); give fresh impetus to.
Synonyms: reset, restart

8. Coterie: (noun) : मंडली
Meaning: a group of people sharing a common interest and relating together socially
Synonyms: body, bunch, circle, clan, clique, community, coven, crowd, fold, galère, gang, lot, network, pack, ring, set
Antonyms: loner, individualist

9. Churn: (verb) : मंथन
Meaning: to be in a state of violent rolling motion
Synonyms: boil, moil, roil, seethe
Antonyms: abate, calm, subside

10. Mooring: (verb) : बांधना
Meaning: to put securely in place or in a desired position
Synonyms: anchor, catch, clamp, fasten, fix, hitch, secure, set
Antonyms: loose, loosen, unfasten, unfix, unloose, unloosen

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