Dear Aspirants,

Reasoning Questions for IBPS PO 2018

Reasoning Ability is an onerous section. With the increasing complexity of questions, it becomes hard for one to give it the cold shoulder. The only way to make the grade in this particular section in the forthcoming banking exams like IBPS PO is to practice continuously with all your heart and soul. And, to let you practice with the best of the latest pattern questions, here is the Adda247 Reasoning Quiz based on the exact same pattern of questions that are being asked in the exams.

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of Input and rearrangement.

Input:11 comb 19 kolkata 25 copper 90 but
Step I: But 11 comb 19 kolkata 25 copper 90
Step II: But copper 11 comb 19 kolkata 90 25
Step III: But copper kolkata 11 comb 90 25 19
Step IV: But copper kolkata comb 90 25 19 11

And step IV is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.

INPUT: 23 small 37 come 55 bus 33 some

Q1. Which element is exactly between the third element from left and fourth element from right in step IV?
come
2
55
37
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to addition of place value of 1st and last letter of the word.
(ii) Numbers are arranged in decreasing order.

INPUT: 23 small 37 come 55 bus 33 some
Step 1: Small 23 37 come bus 33 some 55
Step 2: Small some 23 come bus 33 55 37
Step 3: Small some bus 23 come 55 37 33
Step 4: Small some bus come 55 37 33 23

Q2. Which step number would be the following output?
“Small some bus 23 come 55 37 33”
Step III
Step IV
Step I
Step II
None of the above
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to addition of place value of 1st and last letter of the word.
(ii) Numbers are arranged in decreasing order.

INPUT: 23 small 37 come 55 bus 33 some
Step 1: Small 23 37 come bus 33 some 55
Step 2: Small some 23 come bus 33 55 37
Step 3: Small some bus 23 come 55 37 33
Step 4: Small some bus come 55 37 33 23

Q3. What is the position of ‘23’ in the step II?
Seventh from the right
Fifth from the left
Third from the right
Fourth from the left
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to addition of place value of 1st and last letter of the word.
(ii) Numbers are arranged in decreasing order.

INPUT: 23 small 37 come 55 bus 33 some
Step 1: Small 23 37 come bus 33 some 55
Step 2: Small some 23 come bus 33 55 37
Step 3: Small some bus 23 come 55 37 33
Step 4: Small some bus come 55 37 33 23

Q4. In step II, what is the sum of 3rd element and 7th element from left end?
87
78
70
60
49
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to addition of place value of 1st and last letter of the word.
(ii) Numbers are arranged in decreasing order.

INPUT: 23 small 37 come 55 bus 33 some
Step 1: Small 23 37 come bus 33 some 55
Step 2: Small some 23 come bus 33 55 37
Step 3: Small some bus 23 come 55 37 33
Step 4: Small some bus come 55 37 33 23

Q5. Which of the following element would be at the third position from the left end in step IV?
33
come
bus
38
some
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to addition of place value of 1st and last letter of the word.
(ii) Numbers are arranged in decreasing order.

INPUT: 23 small 37 come 55 bus 33 some
Step 1: Small 23 37 come bus 33 some 55
Step 2: Small some 23 come bus 33 55 37
Step 3: Small some bus 23 come 55 37 33
Step 4: Small some bus come 55 37 33 23

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

There are fourteen persons i.e. M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, A, B, C, D, E, F and G such that seven of them are female and rest are male. Only seven persons among them works in different banking companies viz. Syndicate bank, SBI, UBI, BOB, Kotak bank, ICICI and Axis bank but not necessarily in the same order (they are either male or female). They all are married to each other but not necessarily in the same order. Either husband or wife works in a banking company. Husband of E works in ICICI bank. G does not work in Axis bank. P is married to the one whose husband works in SBI. R is married to A and he does not work in UBI and Syndicate bank. The one who works in Axis bank is married to C, who is a female and is not married to N. O is a male works in a Kotak Bank. Husband of D works in SBI. Wife of B works in Syndicate bank. S is not married to O and is a female. G is male and is not married to E. F is a female but not married to B. Q works in UBI and is a female member.

Q6. Who among the following is the husband of C?
P
O
M
R
N
Solution:

Q7. Who among the following executive works in Axis bank?
N
M
O
P
None of these
Solution:

Q8. Who among the following is the wife of B?
N
D
R
E
S
Solution:

Q9. Which of the following shows the second person is the wife of first person?
AR
CM
OG
NO
PD
Solution:

Q10. Who among the following is married to O?
F
S
M
P
A
Solution:

Q11. Among five friends P, Q, R, S and T, Q is taller than R. T is taller than P. S is shorter than P but taller than Q. Who among them is the second shortest?
T
Q
R
P
Cannot be determined
Solution:
T>P>S>Q>R

Q12. If Ritu is taller than Kavita but shorter than Gunjan and Kavita is not as short as Aditi but shorter than Payal. Then Gunjan is
Tallest
Second taller
Third taller
Tallest or second taller
Second taller or third taller
Solution:
or

Q13. Six students U, V, W, X, Y and Z participate in an examination and score different marks. Z scores more than V but less than W. Y scores more than W but he does not score the highest marks. V scores more than only U. Who scores the second highest marks?
U
Y
X
Z
None of these
Solution:
X>Y>W>Z>V>U
‘Y’ scores the second highest mark.

Q14. A is older than B and D. C is older than B but younger than E. D is older than E. Who among them is second youngest?
D
A
C
E
None of these
Solution:
A>D>E>C>B
Hence, C is the second youngest among them.

Q15. In a class, Smita is 6th from the top and Harsha is 18th from the bottom. Mangesh is 14 ranks below Smita. How many students are there in the class?
55
53
52